January 4 in history

January 4 events chronologically

871 Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex fights, and is defeated by, a Danish invasion army
1490 Anne of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the King of France will be considered guilty of the crime of Lese-majesty
1642 King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war
1649 English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial
1717 The Netherlands, Great Britain, and France sign the Triple Alliance
1762 Great Britain declares war on Spain and Naples
1798 Constantine Hangerli arrives in Bucharest, Wallachia, as its new Prince, invested by the Ottoman Empire

Top 7 most famous people born on January 4

1785 Jacob Grimm a German philologist, jurist and mythologist. He is best known as the discoverer of Grimm's Law , the author of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch, the author of Deutsche Mythologie and, more popularly, as one of the Brothers Grimm, as the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales
1809 Louis Braille a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired. His system remains known worldwide simply as braille
1940 Brian Josephson a Welsh theoretical physicist and professor emeritus of physics at the University of Cambridge. Best known for his pioneering work on superconductivity and quantum tunnelling, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 for his prediction of the eponymous Josephson effect, made in 1962 when he was a 22-year-old PhD student at Cambridge. He shared the prize with physicists Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever, who jointly received half the award for their own work on quantum tunnelling
1940 Gao Xingjian a Chinese émigré novelist, playwright, and critic who in 2000 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature “for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity.” He is also a noted translator , screenwriter, stage director, and a celebrated painter. In 1998, Gao was granted French citizenship
1963 Till Lindemann a German musician, songwriter, actor and poet. He is most commonly recognized as the lead vocalist and frontman of the German Neue Deutsche Härte/industrial metal band Rammstein, founded by Richard Kruspe, where they won a contest in 1994 and received the opportunity to record some demo CD's. The band is named after the Ramstein air show disaster. Lindemann was also a member of the bands First Arsch and Feeling B, where he played as a drummer and bass guitarist
1986 James Milner an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Manchester City and the England national team. He previously played for Leeds United, Swindon Town, Newcastle United and Aston Villa. He is mainly a winger but in the 2009–10 season he was utilised in a more central position by Aston Villa
1990 Toni Kroos a German footballer who plays for Spanish club Real Madrid and the German national team as a midfielder.

Top 7 most famous people died on January 4

1920 Benito Pérez Galdós a Spanish realist novelist. Some authorities consider him second only to Cervantes in stature as a Spanish novelist. He was the leading literary figure in 19th century Spain
1941 Henri Bergson a major French philosopher, influential especially in the first half of the 20th century. Bergson convinced many thinkers that the processes of immediate experience and intuition are more significant than abstract rationalism and science for understanding reality
1960 Albert Camus a French Nobel Prize winning author, journalist, and philosopher. His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. He wrote in his essay "The Rebel" that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual freedom
1961 Erwin Schrödinger a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics. Schrödinger proposed an original interpretation of the physical meaning of the wave function
1965 T. S. Eliot an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic and "one of the twentieth century's major poets." He was born in Louis, Missouri to an old Yankee family. However he emigrated to England in 1914 and was naturalised as a British subject in 1927 at age 39
1985 Brian Horrocks a British Army officer. He is chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War. He also served in the First World War and the Russian Civil War, was a prisoner of war twice, and competed in the 1924 Paris Olympics. Later he was a television presenter, authored books on military history, and was Black Rod in the House of Lords for 14 years
2011 Gerry Rafferty a Scottish singer-songwriter best known for his solo hits "Baker Street", "Right Down the Line" and "Night Owl", as well as "Stuck in the Middle with You" recorded with the band Stealers Wheel.