Died on January 6

429 Honoratus an early Archbishop of Arles, who was also the Abbot of Lérins Abbey. He is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church
786 Abo of Tiflis a Christian martyr and the Patron Saint of the city of Tbilisi, Georgia.
884 Hasan ibn Zayd an Alid who became the founder of the Zaydid dynasty of Tabaristan.
1088 Berengar of Tours a French 11th century Christian theologian and Archdeacon of Angers, a scholar whose leadership of the cathedral school at Chartres set an example of intellectual inquiry through the revived tools of dialectic that was soon followed at cathedral schools of Laon and Paris, and who disputed with the Church leadership over the doctrine of transubstantiation in the Eucharist.
1148 Gilbert de Clare 1st Earl of Pembroke created Earl of Pembroke in 1138. He was nicknamed Strongbow for his skilled use of the long bow
1275 Raymond of Penyafort a Catalan Dominican friar in the 13th-century, who compiled the Decretals of Gregory IX, a collection of canon laws that remained a major part of Church law until the 20th century. He is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church and is the patron saint of lawyers, especially canon lawyers
1374 Andrew Corsini O.Carm. was an Italian Carmelite friar and bishop of Fiesole, who is honored as a saint within the Catholic Church
1387 Peter IV of Aragon the King of Aragon, King of Sardinia and Corsica , King of Valencia , and Count of Barcelona from 1336 until his death. He deposed James III of Majorca and made himself King of Majorca in 1344. His reign was occupied with attempts to strengthen the crown against the Union of Aragon and other such devices of the nobility, with their near constant revolts, and with foreign wars, in Sardinia, Sicily, the Mezzogiorno, Greece, and the Balearics. His wars in Greece made him Duke of Athens and Neopatria in 1381
1398 Rupert II Elector Palatine Count Palatine of the Rhine. He was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1390–1398
1478 John II Count of Vendôme a French nobleman, son of Louis, Count of Vendôme. He was a courtier of King Charles VII of France and fought the English in Normandy and Guyenne. He attached himself to King Louis XI, but was not in his royal favor. He withdrew to the Château of Lavardin and completed its construction
1478 Uzun Hassan a sultan of the Aq Qoyunlu dynasty, also known as the White Sheep Turkomans. Hassan was ruler of Iran which included also parts of present-day Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia between 1453 and 1478
1537 Baldassare Peruzzi an Italian architect and painter, born in a small town near Siena and died in Rome. He worked for many years with Bramante, Raphael, and later Sangallo during the erection of the new Peter's. He returned to his native Siena after the Sack of Rome where he was employed as architect to the Republic. For the Sienese he built new fortifications for the city and designed a remarkable dam on the Bruna River near Giuncarico. He seems to have moved back to Rome permanently by 1535
1537 Alessandro de' Medici Duke of Florence ruler of Florence from 1530 until 1537. Though illegitimate, he was the last member of the "senior" branch of the Medici to rule Florence and the first to be a hereditary duke
1541 Bernard van Orley a Flemish Northern Renaissance painter and draughtsman, and also a leading designer of Brussels tapestry and stained glass. He belongs to the group of Italianizing Flemish painters called the Romanists, who were influenced by Italian Renaissance painting
1607 Guidobaldo del Monte an Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer of the 16th century.
1616 Philip Henslowe an Elizabethan theatrical entrepreneur and impresario. Henslowe's modern reputation rests on the survival of his diary, a primary source for information about the theatrical world of Renaissance London. He was portrayed by actor Geoffrey Rush in the Academy Award-winning film Shakespeare in Love
1618 Margherita Gonzaga Duchess of Ferrara an Italian noblewoman, the daughter of William I, Duke of Mantua and Eleonora of Austria, and the sister of Vincent I, Duke of Mantua and Anna Caterina Gonzaga. She was the wife of Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara and Modena, whom she married in February 1579. This was the duke's third marriage, and it was hoped that she would produce a male heir. She did not, which partially led to the city of Ferrara's acquisition by the Papal States
1646 Elias Holl the most important architect of late German Renaissance architecture.
1668 Magdalene Sibylle of Saxony the Princess of Denmark from 1634 to 1647 as the wife of Prince-Elect Christian of Denmark, and the Duchess consort of Saxe-Altenburg as the wife of Duke Frederick Wilhelm II.
1689 Seth Ward (bishop of Salisbury) an English mathematician, astronomer, and bishop.
1693 Mehmed IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier
1695 Christian Albert Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck.
1697 Carlo Mannelli an Italian violinist, castrato and composer.
1701 Toussaint Rose a French court secretary to Cardinal Mazarin and Louis XIV of France.
1703 Charlotte Marie of Saxe-Jena a German princess member of the House of Wettin in the branch of Saxe-Jena and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
1711 Philips van Almonde a Dutch Lieutenant Admiral, who served in his nation’s maritime conflicts of the 17th and early 18th centuries.
1718 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina an Italian man of letters and jurist. He was born at Roggiano Gravina, a small town near Cosenza, in Calabria
1725 Chikamatsu Monzaemon a Japanese dramatist of jōruri, the form of puppet theater that later came to be known as bunraku, and the live-actor drama, kabuki. The Encyclopædia Britannica has written that he is "widely regarded as the greatest Japanese dramatist." His most famous plays deal with double-suicides of honor bound lovers
1731 Étienne François Geoffroy a French physician and chemist, best known for his 1718 affinity tables. He first contemplated a career as an apothecary, but then decided to practice medicine. He is sometimes known as Geoffroy the Elder
1734 John Dennis (dramatist) an English critic and dramatist.
1738 Jean-Baptiste Labat a French clergyman, botanist, writer, explorer, ethnographer, soldier, engineer, and landowner.
1738 Franz Xaver Murschhauser a German composer and theorist.
1755 Angelo Maria Quirini an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
1777 Luigi Maria Torregiani an Italian Cardinal.
1786 Pierre Poivre a French horticulturist born in Lyon; he was a missionary to China and Cochinchina, Intendant of the Islands of Mauritius and Bourbon, and wearer of the cordon of Michel. He was an uncle to renowned French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat
1794 Louis d'Elbée a French Royalist military leader. He was the second commander in chief of the Royal and Catholic Army formed by Royalist forces of the Vendean insurrection against the Republic and the French Revolution
1813 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers a French Army general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was the father of Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers, a Marshal of France, and the father-in-law of General Damrémont, governor-general of Algeria
1826 John Farey Sr. an English geologist and writer. However, he is better known for a mathematical construct, the Farey sequence named after him
1829 Josef Dobrovský a Bohemian philologist and historian, one of the most important figures of the Czech national revival.
1830 Georgije Magarašević Serbian writer, historian, editor and publisher, dramatist, translator and collector of folk proverbs. He belongs to the same generation of Serbian writers as Dimitrije Davidović, Teodor Pavlović, Danilo Medaković, all of whom expressed in some degree their indebtedness to Dositej Obradović and Vuk Karadžić. Georgije Magarašević can be said to have brought philosophy out of the lecture hall and into the market place of life. By understanding and combining what was great and valuable in those divided and scattered endeavours, he became the true successor of Dositej. He is also mentioned as Đorđe or Djordje Magarašević is some texts
1831 Rodolphe Kreutzer a French violinist, teacher, conductor, and composer of forty French operas, including La mort d'Abel.
1834 Richard Martin (Irish politician) an Irish politician and campaigner against cruelty to animals. He was commonly known as "Humanity Dick", a nickname bestowed on him by King George He succeeded in getting the pioneering Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822, nicknamed 'Martin's Act', passed into British law
1836 Jan Pieter van Suchtelen born in the Netherlands, and was a general in the Russian army during the Russo-Swedish War. In 1812 Suchtelen was the plenipotentiary for Russian Emperor Alexander I in Orebro where he negotiated and signed the Treaty of Orebro which brought to an end the Anglo–Russian War. In that treaty his titles included "general of engineers, quarter-master general, member of the council of state"
1839 Princess Marie of Orléans (1813–1839) a French princess and, by her marriage, duchess of Württemberg. She was solidly educated on her father's insistence, and took up sculpture and drawing
1840 Frances Burney an English novelist, diarist and playwright. She was born in Lynn Regis, now King's Lynn, England, on 13 June 1752, to musical historian Dr Charles Burney and Esther Sleepe Burney. The third of six children, she was self-educated and began writing what she called her "scribblings" at the age of ten. In 1793, aged 42, she married a French exile, General Alexandre D'Arblay. Their only son, Alexander, was born in 1794. After a lengthy writing career, and travels that took her to France for more than ten years, she settled in Bath, England, where she died on 6 January 1840
1841 Jean Pierre Étienne Vaucher a Swiss Protestant pastor and botanist who was a native of Geneva.
1841 Tani Bunchō a Japanese literati painter and poet. He was the son of the poet Tani Rokkoku. As his family were retainers of the Tayasu Family of descendents of the eighth Tokugawa shogun, Bunchō inherited samurai status and received a stipend to meet the responsibilities this entailed. In his youth he began studying the painting techniques of the Kanō school under Katō Bunrei. After Bunrei's death, Bunchō worked with masters of other schools, such as the literati painter Kitayama Kangen , and developed a wide stylistic range that included many Chinese, Japanese and European idioms. He rose to particular prominence as the retainer of Matsudaira Sadanobu , genetic son of the Tayasu who was adopted into the Matsudaira family before becoming chief senior councilor of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1787. Bunchō is best known for his idealized landscapes in the literati style. Unlike most bunjinga painters of his time, however, Bunchō was an extremely eclectic artist, painting idealized Chinese landscapes, actual Japanese sites, and poetically-inspired traditional scenery. He also painted portraits of his contemporaries, as well as imagined images of such Chinese literati heroes as Su Shi and Tao Yuanming. Since travel outside Japan was forbidden under the Tokugawa shogunate, Bunchō was unable to study in China; he spent many years traveling around Japan, studying Chinese, Japanese, and Western art. Watanabe Kazan, Sakai Hōitsu and Takaku Aigai were among his disciples
1847 Tyagaraja one of the greatest composers of Carnatic music or Indian classical music. He was a prolific composer and highly influential in the development of the classical music tradition. Tyagaraja composed thousands of devotional compositions, most in praise of Lord Rama, many of which remain popular today. Of special mention are five of his compositions called the Pancharatna Kritis, which are often sung in programs in his honour
1849 Hartley Coleridge an English poet, biographer, essayist, and teacher. He was the eldest son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. His sister Sara Coleridge was a poet and translator, and his brother Derwent Coleridge was a distinguished scholar and author. Hartley was named after the philosopher David Hartley
1852 Louis Braille a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired. His system remains known worldwide simply as braille