Died on January 7

312 Lucian of Antioch a Christian presbyter, theologian and martyr. He was noted for both his scholarship and ascetic piety
672 Emperor Tenji the 38th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
838 Babak Khorramdin one of the main Persian revolutionary leaders of the Iranian Khorram-Dinān , which was a local freedom movement fighting the Abbasid Caliphate. Khorramdin appears to be a compound analogous to dorustdin "orthodoxy" and Behdin "Good Religion" , and are considered an offshoot of neo-Mazdakism. Babak's Iranianizing rebellion, from its base in Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran, called for a return of the political glories of the Iranian past. The Khorramdin rebellion of Babak spread to the Western and Central parts of Iran and lasted more than twenty years before it was defeated. Babak's uprising showed the continuing strength in Azerbaijan of ancestral Iranian local feelings
1131 Canute Lavard a Danish prince. Later he was the first Duke of Schleswig and the first border prince who was both a Danish and a German vassal, a position leafing towards the historical double position of Southern Jutland. Canute Lavard was also the ancestor of the Valdemarian Kings and of their subsequent royal line. He was killed by his cousin Magnus, who saw him as a rival to the Danish throne and was canonized in 1170
1285 Charles I of Naples the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262 and was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282. Thereafter, he claimed the island, though his power was restricted to the peninsular possessions of the kingdom, with his capital at Naples
1325 Denis of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarve. The eldest son of Afonso III of Portugal by his second wife, Beatrice of Castile and grandson of king Alfonso X of Castile , Denis succeeded his father in 1279
1355 Inês de Castro a Galician noblewoman born of a Portuguese mother. She is best known as lover and posthumously-recognized wife of King Peter I of Portugal. The dramatic circumstances of her relationship with Peter I, which was forbidden by his father King Afonso IV, her murder at the orders of Afonso, Peter's bloody revenge on her killers, and the legend of the coronation of her exhumed corpse by Peter, have made Inês de Castro a frequent subject of art, music, and drama through the ages
1400 Thomas Holland 1st Duke of Surrey an English nobleman.
1451 Antipope Felix V an Italian nobleman, the son of Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Berry. He was surnamed the Peaceful. Born at Chambéry, he was the Count of Savoy from 1391 to 1416 and was elevated by Emperor Sigismund to the Duke of Savoy in 1416. Amadeus was elected, as antipope Felix V, by the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence and reigned from November 1439 to April 1449
1483 Vasily Ivanovich of Ryazan the Grand Prince of Ryazan , son of Grand Prince Ivan Fyodorovich.
1483 Francis Phoebus of Navarre king of Navarre and count of Foix. He was the son of Gaston de Foix, Prince of Viana, and grandson of Eleanor of Navarre, whom he succeeded
1536 Catherine of Aragon Queen of England from 1509 until 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Prince Arthur.
1566 Louis de Blois a Flemish monk and mystical writer, generally known under the name of Blosius.
1590 Jakob Andreae a significant German Lutheran theologian, involved in the drafting of major documents.
1619 Nicholas Hilliard an English goldsmith and limner best known for his portrait miniatures of members of the courts of Elizabeth I and James I of England. He mostly painted small oval miniatures, but also some larger cabinet miniatures, up to about ten inches tall, and at least two famous half-length panel portraits of Elizabeth. He enjoyed continuing success as an artist, and continuing financial troubles, for forty-five years. His paintings still exemplify the visual image of Elizabethan England, very different from that of most of Europe in the late sixteenth century. Technically he was very conservative by European standards, but his paintings are superbly executed and have a freshness and charm that has ensured his continuing reputation as "the central artistic figure of the Elizabethan age, the only English painter whose work reflects, in its delicate microcosm, the world of Shakespeare's earlier plays."
1625 Ruggiero Giovannelli an Italian composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was a member of the Roman School, and succeeded Palestrina at Peter's
1650 Louis I Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. He was also a founder of the first German Society
1655 Pope Innocent X pope from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655.
1658 Theophilus Eaton a merchant, farmer, and Puritan colonial leader who was the co-founder and first governor of New Haven Colony, Connecticut.
1681 Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels a German noblewoman.
1694 Charles Gerard 1st Earl of Macclesfield an English aristocrat, soldier and courtier.
1700 Raffaello Fabretti an Italian antiquarian.
1715 François Fénelon a French Roman Catholic archbishop, theologian, poet and writer. He today is remembered mostly as the author of The Adventures of Telemachus, first published in 1699
1722 Antoine Coypel a history painter, the more famous son of the French painter Noël Coypel.
1730 Árni Magnússon an Icelandic scholar and collector of manuscripts. He assembled the Arnamagnæan Manuscript Collection
1743 Anne Sophie Reventlow Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1721 to 1730 as the second wife of Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway.
1758 Allan Ramsay (poet) a Scottish poet , playwright, publisher, librarian and wig-maker.
1759 Florent-Jean de Vallière a French artillery officer of the 18th century. He was lieutenant-general of the King's Armies. In 1726, de Vallière became Director-General of the Battalions and Schools of the Artillery
1767 Thomas Clap an American academic and educator, a Congregational Minister, and college administrator. He was both the fifth rector and the earliest to be called "president" of Yale College
1770 Carl Gustaf Tessin a Swedish politician and son of architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger and Hedvig Eleonora Stenbock. He was one of the most brilliant personages of his day, and the most prominent representative of French culture in Sweden. He was also a fine orator
1786 Jean-Étienne Guettard born at Étampes, near Paris.
1794 Vasily Zuyev a Russian naturalist and traveler, academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
1799 James Bolton an English naturalist, botanist, mycologist, and illustrator.
1804 Louis Marc Antoine de Noailles the second son of Philippe, duc de Mouchy, and a member of Mouchy branch of the famous Noailles family of the French aristocracy.
1806 Paulinus of St. Bartholomew an Austrian Carmelite missionary and Orientalist. He is known by several names as Paulinus Bartholomaeo, Paolino da San Bartolomeo, Paulinus Paathiri, Paulin de St Barthelemi, Paulinus A Bartholomaeo, Johann Philipp Wesdin, or Johann Philipp Werdin
1812 Joseph Dennie an American author and journalist who was one of the foremost men of letters of the Federalist Era. A Federalist, Dennie is best remembered for his series of essays entitled The Lay Preacher and as the founding editor of Port Folio, a journal espousing classical republican values. Port Folio was the most highly regarded and successful literary publication of its time, and the first important political and literary journal in the United States. Timothy Dwight IV once referred to Dennie as "the Addison of America" and "the father of American Belles-Lettres."
1830 Thomas Lawrence a leading English portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy.
1830 John Thomas Campbell an public servant and politician in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly during the early colonial period.
1830 Carlota Joaquina of Spain a Queen consort of Portugal as wife of John VI, Infant of Spain, Infant consort of Portugal, Princess consort of Brazil, Princess regent consort of Portugal and Queen consort of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves. She was the eldest daughter of King Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma
1837 Curt von Stedingk a count of the von Stedingk family, and a successful Swedish army officer and diplomat who played a prominent role in Swedish foreign policy during several decades.
1838 Josef Grassi an Austrian portrait and history painter. His middle name is usually given as "Maria", although there is evidence that it was actually "Mathias". He is also called "Giuseppe Grassi"
1853 Ditlev Blunck a Danish painter associated with the Danish Golden Age during the first half of the 19th century.
1858 Mustafa Reşid Pasha an Ottoman statesman and diplomat, known best as the chief architect behind the Ottoman government reforms known as Tanzimat.
1863 Mary Burns a working-class Irish woman, best known as the lifelong partner of Friedrich Engels.
1864 Caleb Blood Smith an American journalist and politician, serving in the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.
1865 Julius Roger a German medical doctor, entomologist and folklorist who worked in Ratibor, in Upper Silesia, most notable for having arranged to build hospitals in Groß Rauden, Pilchowitz, plus the current public hospital in Rybnik.
1872 James Fisk (financier) an American stockbroker and corporate executive who has been referred to as one of the "robber barons" of the Gilded Age.
1876 Juste Olivier born near Nyon in the canton of Vaud; he was brought up as a peasant, but studied at the college of Nyon, and later at the academy of Lausanne.
1878 François-Vincent Raspail a French chemist, naturalist, physician, physiologist, attorney, and socialist politician.
1881 Georg Heinrich Ferdinand Nesselmann a German orientalist, philologist with interests in Baltic languages, and a mathematics historian.