January 7 events in history

1325 Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal
1558 France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England
1608 Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia
1610 Galileo Galilei makes his first observation of the four Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, Io and Europa, although he is not able to distinguish the last two until the following day
1782 The first American commercial bank, the Bank of North America, opens
1785 Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in a gas balloon
1797 The modern Italian flag is first used
1835 HMS Beagle drops anchor off the Chonos Archipelago
1894 William Kennedy Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film
1904 The distress signal "CQD" is established only to be replaced two years later by "SOS"
1919 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel against the planned annexation of Montenegro by Serbia, but fail
1920 The New York State Assembly refuses to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen
1922 Dáil Éireann ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by a 64-57 vote
1927 The first transatlantic telephone service is established – from New York, New York to London, United Kingdom
1931 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast
1935 Benito Mussolini and French Foreign minister Pierre Laval sign the Franco-Italian Agreement
1940 Winter War: The Finnish 9th Division stops and completely destroys the overwhelming Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road
1942 World War II: The siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins
1945 World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge
1948 Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of a supposed UFO
1954 Georgetown-IBM experiment: the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM
1955 Contralto Marian Anderson becomes the first person of color to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in Giuseppe Verdi's Un ballo in maschera
1959 The United States recognizes the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro
1960 The Polaris missile is test launched
1968 Surveyor Program: Surveyor 7, the last spacecraft in the Surveyor series, lifts off from launch complex 36A, Cape Canaveral
1970 The Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 comes into effect
1973 Mark Essex fatally shoots 10 people and wounds 13 others at Howard Johnson's Hotel in New Orleans, Louisiana, before being shot to death by police officers
1979 Third Indochina War – Cambodian–Vietnamese War: Phnom Penh falls to the advancing Vietnamese troops, driving out Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge
1980 U.S. President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation
1984 Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
1985 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency launches Sakigake, Japan's first interplanetary spacecraft and the first deep space probe to be launched by any country other than the United States or the Soviet Union
1989 Prince Akihito is sworn in as the emperor of Japan after the death of his father Hirohito
1990 The interior of the Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public for safety reasons
1991 Roger Lafontant, former leader of the Tonton Macoute in Haiti under François Duvalier, attempts a coup d'état, which ends in his arrest
1993 Bosnian War: The Bosnian Army executes a surprise attack on the village of Kravica in Srebrenica
1993 The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President
1999 The Senate trial in the impeachment of U.S. President Bill Clinton begins
2005 The St Lawrence Lime is blown over in high winds
2010 Muslim gunmen in Egypt open fire on a crowd of Coptic Christians, killing eight of them and one Muslim bystander
2012 A hot air balloon crashes near Carterton, New Zealand, killing all 11 people on board