January 8 events in history

307 Jin Huidi, Chinese Emperor of the Jin Dynasty, is poisoned and succeeded by his son Jin Huaidi
387 Siyaj K'ak' conquers Waka
871 Alfred the Great leads a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings
1297 François Grimaldi, disguised as a monk, leads his men to capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, establishing his family as the rulers of Monaco
1455 The Romanus Pontifex is written
1499 Louis XII of France marries Anne of Brittany
1697 Last execution for blasphemy in Britain; of Thomas Aikenhead, student, at Edinburgh
1734 Premiere performance of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
1746 Second Jacobite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling
1790 George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address in New York, New York
1806 Cape Colony becomes a British colony
1811 An unsuccessful slave revolt is led by Charles Deslondes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana
1815 War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British
1835 The United States national debt is zero for the only time
1863 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
1867 African American men are granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C
1877 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle against the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory
1889 Herman Hollerith is issued US patent #395,791 for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' — his punched card calculator
1904 The Blackstone Library is dedicated, marking the beginning of the Chicago Public Library system
1906 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people
1912 The African National Congress is founded
1918 President Woodrow Wilson announces his "Fourteen Points" for the aftermath of World War I
1920 The steel strike of 1919 ends in a complete failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers labor union
1940 World War II: Britain introduces food rationing
1945 World War II: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese Imperial forces
1956 Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them
1961 In France a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle's policies in Algeria
1962 The Harmelen train disaster killed 93 people in the Netherlands
1963 Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C
1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a "War on Poverty" in the United States
1971 Bowing to international pressure, President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto releases Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from prison, who had been arrested after declaring the independence of Bangladesh
1973 Soviet space mission Luna 21 is launched
1973 Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins
1975 Ella T. Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States other than by succeeding her husband
1977 Three bombs explode in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group
1979 The tanker Betelgeuse explodes in Bantry Bay, Ireland
1981 A local farmer reports a UFO sighting in Trans-en-Provence, France, claimed to be "perhaps the most completely and carefully documented sighting of all time"
1982 The break up of AT&T: AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions
1989 Kegworth air disaster: British Midland Flight 92, a Boeing 737-400, crashes into the M1 motorway, killing 47 of the 126 people on board
1989 Beginning of Japanese Heisei period
1994 Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 leaves for Mir. He would stay on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space
1996 An Antonov An-32 cargo aircraft crashes into a crowded market in Kinshasa, Zaire, killing up to 237 on the ground; the aircraft's crew of 6 survive the crash
2002 President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act
2003 US Airways Express Flight 5481 crashes at Charlotte-Douglas Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, killing all 21 people on board
2003 Turkish Airlines Flight 634 crashes near Diyarbakır Airport, Turkey, killing the entire crew and 70 of 75 passengers
2004 The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II
2005 The nuclear sub USS San Francisco collides at full speed with an undersea mountain south of Guam. One man is killed, but the sub surfaces and is repaired
2009 A 6.1-magnitude earthquake in northern Costa Rica kills 15 people and injures 32
2010 Gunmen from an offshoot the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda attacked the bus carrying the Togo national football team on its way to the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, killing three
2011 The attempted assassination of Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store, for which Jared Lee Loughner is subsequently arrested, kills six people and wounds 13, including Giffords