January 1642 in history

January 1642 events chronologically

Jan 4 King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war

Born in January 1642

Jan 2 Mehmed IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier
Jan 3 Hans Wachtmeister admiral general of the Swedish Navy and advisor to King Charles XI of Sweden and King Charles XII of Sweden. He served in the Scanian War of 1675–1679 and during the following twenty years of peace worked to build up the Swedish Navy. When the Great Northern War began in 1700 he was able to take his fleet to sea in good condition
Jan 3 Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón a Spanish bishop in Peru and twice viceroy of the colony, from August 15, 1716 to October 5, 1716 and from January 26, 1720 to May 14, 1724.
Jan 11 Johann Friedrich Alberti a German composer and organist.

Died in January 1642

Jan 8 Galileo Galilei an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the father of modern science"