January 1814 in history

January 1814 events chronologically

Jan 14 Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania
Jan 29 France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne
Jan 31 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina

Top 7 most famous people born in January 1814

Jan 1 Hong Xiuquan a Hakka Chinese who led the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty, establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom over varying portions of southern China, with himself as the "Heavenly King" and self-proclaimed brother of Jesus Christ.
Jan 11 James Paget best remembered for Paget's disease and who is considered, together with Rudolf Virchow, as one of the founders of scientific medical pathology. His famous works included Lectures on Tumours and Lectures on Surgical Pathology. While most people recall Paget's disease refers to bone, two other diseases were also named after him: Paget's disease of the nipple , and extramammary Paget's disease. Also named for him is Paget's abscess
Jan 22 Eduard Zeller a German philosopher and academic theologian of the Tübingen School of theology.
Jan 23 Alexander Cunningham a British army engineer with the Bengal Engineer Group who later took an interest in the history and archaeology of India which led to his appointment in 1861 to the newly created position of archaeological surveyor to the government of India. He founded and organized what later became the Archaeological Survey of India. He wrote numerous books and monographs and made massive collections of artefacts. Some of his collections were lost but most of the gold and silver coins in his collection were bought by the British Museum. Two of his brothers, Francis Cunningham and Joseph Cunningham became well known for their work in British India while another, Peter Cunningham, became famous for his Handbook of London
Jan 24 John Colenso William Colenso , first Church of England Bishop of Natal, mathematician, theologian, Biblical scholar and social activist.
Jan 24 Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a French Crown Princess after her marriage in 1837 to the eldest son of Louis Philippe I, Ferdinand Philippe of Orléans.
Jan 27 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc a French architect and theorist, famous for his interpretive "restorations" of medieval buildings. Born in Paris, he was a major Gothic Revival architect

Died in January 1814

Jan 14 Charles Bossut a French mathematician and confrère of the Encyclopaedists. He was born at Tartaras, Loire, and died in Paris
Jan 20 Jean-François Pierre Peyron a French Neoclassical painter.
Jan 21 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre a French writer and botanist. He is best known for his 1788 novel Paul et Virginie, now largely forgotten, but in the 19th century a very popular children's book
Jan 27 Johann Gottlieb Fichte a German philosopher. He was one of the founding figures of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant. Fichte is often perceived as a figure whose philosophy forms a bridge between the ideas of Kant and those of the German Idealist Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Recently, philosophers and scholars have begun to appreciate Fichte as an important philosopher in his own right due to his original insights into the nature of self-consciousness or self-awareness. Like Descartes and Kant before him, he was motivated by the problem of subjectivity and consciousness. Fichte also wrote works of political philosophy and is considered one of the fathers of German nationalism