January 1838 in history

January 1838 events chronologically

Jan 6 Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph system using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code)
Jan 26 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States

Top 7 most famous people born in January 1838

Jan 2 Jules Brunet a French officer who played an active role in Mexico and Japan, and later became a General and Chief of Staff of the French Minister of War in 1898. He was sent to Japan with the French military mission of 1867, and after the defeat of the Shogun, had an important role in the latter part of Boshin War between the Imperial forces and the Shogun's army
Jan 5 Camille Jordan a French mathematician, known both for his foundational work in group theory and for his influential Cours d'analyse. He was born in Lyon and educated at the École polytechnique. He was an engineer by profession; later in life he taught at the École polytechnique and the Collège de France, where he had a reputation for eccentric choices of notation
Jan 6 Max Bruch a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including three violin concertos, the first of which has become a staple of the violin repertory.
Jan 13 Oskar Grippenberg commanding general of the Russian Second Manchurian Army during the Russo-Japanese War.
Jan 16 Franz Brentano an influential German philosopher and psychologist whose influence was felt by other such luminaries as Sigmund Freud, Edmund Husserl, Kazimierz Twardowski and Alexius Meinong, who followed and adapted his views.
Jan 23 Marianne Cope a German-born American who was a member of the Sisters of Saint Francis of Syracuse, New York. Known for her charitable works and virtuous deeds, she spent many years caring for lepers on the island of Molokaʻi in Hawaiʻi. Despite direct contact with the patients over many years, Cope was not afflicted by the disease, which some faithful consider miraculous
Jan 29 Edward W. Morley an American scientist famous for his path-breaking measurements of the atomic weight of oxygen, and for the Michelson–Morley experiment.

Died in January 1838

Jan 3 Maximilian Hereditary Prince of Saxony German prince and a member of the House of Wettin.
Jan 7 Josef Grassi an Austrian portrait and history painter. His middle name is usually given as "Maria", although there is evidence that it was actually "Mathias". He is also called "Giuseppe Grassi"
Jan 13 Ferdinand Ries a German composer. Ries was a friend, pupil and secretary of Ludwig van Beethoven. He composed eight symphonies, a violin concerto, eight piano concertos and numerous other works in many genres, including 26 string quartets. In 1838 he published a collection of reminiscences of his teacher Beethoven, co-written with Franz Wegeler. The symphonies, some chamber works—most of them with piano— his violin concerto and his piano concertos have been recorded, demonstrating a style which is, unsurprising due to his connection to Beethoven, somewhere between those of the Classical and early Romantic eras
Jan 28 Sophie von Dönhoff a German lady-in-waiting and a morganatic spouse by bigamy to King Frederick William II of Prussia.
Jan 28 Alexander Polezhayev a controversial Russian poet, best known for his satirical poem Sashka which in 1826 resulted in his being demoted to the Caucasian Army, by a special decree of Nicolas I who's taken this daring challenge as a continuation of the Decemberists' revolt. Polezhayev continued to write satires and in the early 1830s became close to the radicals, one of whom, Alexander Hertzen, later remembered him with great warmth in his book of memoirs My Past and Thoughts. A volatile and rebellious character prone to heavy drinking, Polezhayev got involved in a series of incidents, the last of which resulted in his being punished by flogging so severe, fragments of twigs had to be extracted surgically form his back. After that, in the course of several months, Alexander Polezhayev fell ill with tuberculosis and died
Jan 30 Osceola born as Billy Powell, became an influential leader of the Seminole in Florida. Of mixed parentage, Creek, Scots-Irish, and English, he was raised as a Creek by his mother, as the tribe had a matrilineal kinship system. They migrated to Florida when he was a child, with other Red Stick refugees, after their defeat in 1814 in the Creek Wars