January 1856 in history

January 1856 events chronologically

Jan 26 First Battle of Seattle. Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers
Jan 29 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a Warrant under the Royal sign-manual that establishes the Victoria Cross to recognise acts of valour by British military personnel during the Crimean War

Top 7 most famous people born in January 1856

Jan 6 Giuseppe Martucci an Italian composer, conductor, pianist and teacher. As a composer and teacher he was influential in reviving Italian interest in non-operatic music. As a conductor he helped to introduce Richard Wagner's operas to Italy and also gave important early concerts of English music there
Jan 9 Stevan Mokranjac a Serbian composer and music educator. Born in Negotin in 1856, Mokranjac studied music in Belgrade, Munich, Rome and Leipzig while in his twenties. Later, he became the conductor of the Belgrade Choir Society and founder of the Serbian School of Music and the first Serbian string quartet, in which he played the cello. He left Belgrade at the beginning of World War I and moved to Skopje, where he died on 28 September 1914
Jan 11 Christian Sinding a Norwegian composer. He is known for his lyrical works for piano, such as Frühlingsrauschen. He was often compared to Edvard Grieg and regarded as his successor
Jan 12 John Singer Sargent an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre documents worldwide travel, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine, and Florida
Jan 27 Edward Bagnall Poulton a British evolutionary biologist who was a lifelong advocate of natural selection through a period in which many scientists such as Reginald Punnett doubted its importance. He invented the term sympatric for evolution of species in the same place, and in his book The Colours of Animals was the first to recognize frequency-dependent selection
Jan 29 Aleksander Brückner a Polish scholar of Slavic languages and literatures , philologist, lexicographer and historian of literature. He is among the most notable Slavicists of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and the first to prepare complete monographs on the history of Polish language and culture. He published more than 1,500 titles and discovered the Holy Cross Sermons
Jan 31 Hermann von François best known for his key role in several German victories on the Eastern Front in 1914.

Top 7 most famous people died in January 1856

Jan 1 John M. Berrien a United States Senator and Andrew Jackson's Attorney General.
Jan 4 David d'Angers a French sculptor and medallist. He adopted the name David d'Angers, following his entry into the studio of the painter Jacques-Louis David in 1809 as a way of both expressing his patrimony and distinguishing himself from the master painter
Jan 6 Nicolas-Charles Bochsa a musician and composer.
Jan 12 Ľudovít Štúr the leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century, the author of the Slovak language standard eventually leading to the contemporary Slovak literary language. Štúr was an organizer of the Slovak volunteer campaigns during the 1848 Revolution, he was also politician, poet, journalist, publisher, teacher, philosopher, linguist and member of the Hungarian Parliament
Jan 14 Janko Drašković a Croatian national reformer, politician and poet. He was a member of the Drašković family, one of the oldest Croatian noble families
Jan 30 William Buckley (convict) an English convict who was transported to Australia, escaped, was given up for dead and lived in an Aboriginal community for many years.
Jan 31 11th Dalai Lama the 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet.