January 1859 in history

January 1859 events chronologically

Jan 24 Political and state union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as Domnitor in both Principalities

Top 7 most famous people born in January 1859

Jan 6 Samuel Alexander an Australian-born British philosopher. He was the first Jewish fellow of an Oxbridge college
Jan 8 Fanny Bullock Workman an American geographer, cartographer, explorer, travel writer, and mountaineer, notably in the Himalaya. She was one of the first female professional mountaineers; she not only explored but also wrote about her adventures. She set several women's altitude records, published eight travel books with her husband, and championed women's rights and women's suffrage
Jan 9 Carrie Chapman Catt an American women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920. Catt served as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and was the founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women. She "led an army of voteless women in 1919 to pressure Congress to pass the constitutional amendment giving them the right to vote and convinced state legislatures to ratify it in 1920" and "was one of the best-known women in the United States in the first half of the twentieth century and was on all lists of famous American women"
Jan 10 Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia a Spanish anarchist.
Jan 11 George Curzon 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston a British Conservative statesman who was the Viceroy of India and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, but who was passed over as Prime Minister in 1923 in favour of Stanley Baldwin. He was a key figure in instituting the 1905 Partition of Bengal, which led to a major political crisis for the British Empire. He drew the Curzon Line in Eastern Europe. His character polarised opinion amongst his contemporaries, "sow gratitude and resentment along his path with equally lavish hands" He quarrelled endlessly and his arrogance and inflexibility made even more enemies. Critics have been negative in contrasting his enormous talents and energy on behalf of British imperialism with his mixed results and unrealized ambitions
Jan 27 Wilhelm II German Emperor the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. He was the eldest grandson of the British Queen Victoria and related to many monarchs and princes of Europe
Jan 27 Pavel Milyukov a Russian historian and liberal politician. He was the founder, leader, and the most prominent member of the Constitutional Democratic party. In the Russian Provisional Government, Milyukov was in charge of the foreign policy and tried hard to prevent Russia's exit from the First World War. His name is sometimes rendered in English as Paul Miliukov or Paul Milukoff

Top 7 most famous people died in January 1859

Jan 8 Stefan Bogoridi a high ranking Ottoman statesman of Bulgarian origin, grandson of Sophronius of Vratsa and father of Alexander Bogoridi and Nicolae Vogoride. Stefan and his brother Athanase were named Bogoridi after Boris I, the first Christian ruler of Bulgaria. Their parents were Ioan Vogoridi and Ana N
Jan 18 Alfred Vail an American machinist and inventor. Vail was central, with Samuel B. Morse, in developing and commercializing the telegraph between 1837 and 1844. Vail and Morse were the first two telegraph operators on Morse's first experimental line between Washington, DC, and Baltimore, and Vail took charge of building and managing several early telegraph lines between 1845 and 1848. He was also responsible for several technical innovations of Morse's system, particularly the sending key and improved recording registers and relay magnets. Vail left the telegraph industry in 1848 because he believed that the managers of Morse's lines did not fully value his contributions. His last assignment, superintendent of the Washington and New Orleans Telegraph Company, paid him only $900 a year, leading Vail to write to Morse, "I have made up my mind to leave the Telegraph to take care of itself, since it cannot take care of I shall, in a few months, leave Washington for New Jersey,... and bid adieu to the subject of the Telegraph for some more profitable business."
Jan 20 Bettina von Arnim a German writer and novelist.
Jan 28 William H. Prescott widely recognized by historiographers to have been the first American scientific historian. Despite suffering from serious visual impairment, which at times prevented him from reading or writing for himself, Prescott became one of the most eminent historians of 19th century America. He is also noted for his eidetic memory
Jan 28 F. J. Robinson 1st Viscount Goderich Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon PC , styled The Honourable J. Robinson until 1827 and known as The Viscount Goderich /ˈɡoʊdrɪtʃ/ GOHD-rich between 1827 and 1833, the name by which he is best known to history, was a British statesman. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between August 1827 and January 1828
Jan 28 Carl Adolph Agardh a Swedish botanist specializing in algae, who was eventually appointed bishop of Karlstad.
Jan 29 William Cranch Bond an American astronomer, and the first director of Harvard College Observatory.