January 1919 in history

January 1919 events chronologically

Jan 3 At the Paris Peace Conference, Emir Faisal I of Iraq signs an agreement with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East
Jan 5 The German Workers' Party, which would become the Nazi Party, is founded
Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel against the planned annexation of Montenegro by Serbia, but fail
Jan 11 Romania reincorporates Transylvania
Jan 15 Boston Molasses Disaster: A large molasses tank in Boston, Massachusetts, bursts and a wave of molasses rushes through the streets, killing 21 people and injuring 150 others
Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising
Jan 16 Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification

Top 7 most famous people born in January 1919

Jan 1 J. D. Salinger Jerome David "J. D." Salinger was an American writer who won acclaim early in life. He led a very private life for more than a half-century. He published his final original work in 1965 and gave his last interview in 1980
Jan 14 Giulio Andreotti the 41st Prime Minister of Italy and leader of the Christian Democracy party. Occupying all the major offices of state over the course of a forty-year political career, he was a figure who reassured the civil service, business community, and the Vatican, while guiding Italy's European Union integration. In foreign policy, he established closer relations with the Arab world. Admirers of Andreotti saw him as having mediated political and social contradictions, enabling the transformation of a substantially rural country into the fifth-biggest economy in the world. Critics said he had done nothing against a system of patronage that had led to pervasive corruption. Despite a wry sense of humour that could sound like cynicism, Andreotti was a devout Catholic with a relatively modest lifestyle who did not use his position to enrich himself or his family
Jan 14 Andy Rooney an American radio and television writer. He was best known for his weekly broadcast "A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney," a part of the CBS News program 60 Minutes from 1978 to 2011. His final regular appearance on 60 Minutes aired October 2, 2011. He died one month later, on November 4, 2011, at age 92
Jan 23 Ernie Kovacs an American comedian, actor, and writer.
Jan 23 Bob Paisley an English footballer and manager who spent almost fifty years with Liverpool as a wing half, physiotherapist, coach and manager. Following his achievements as Liverpool manager, Paisley is widely regarded as one of the greatest football managers of all time. He and Carlo Ancelotti are the only managers to have won the European Cup three times
Jan 28 Gabby Gabreski the top American fighter ace in Europe during World War II, a jet fighter ace in Korea, and a career officer in the United States Air Force with more than 26 years service, retiring with the rank of colonel.
Jan 31 Jackie Robinson an American baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947. As the first major league team to play a black man since the 1880s, the Dodgers ended racial segregation that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues for six decades. The example of Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence, and his unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation, which then marked many other aspects of American life, and contributed significantly to the Civil Rights Movement

Top 7 most famous people died in January 1919

Jan 4 Georg von Hertling a Bavarian politician who served as Minister-President of Bavaria 1912–1917 and then as Minister-President of Prussia and Chancellor of the German Empire from 1917 to 1918. He was the first party man to hold the office
Jan 6 Theodore Roosevelt an American politician, author, naturalist, soldier, explorer, and historian who served as the 26th President of the United States. He was a leader of the Republican Party and founder of the Progressive Party insurgency of 1912. He is known for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity. Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Roosevelt was a sickly child who suffered from asthma. To overcome his physical weakness, he embraced a strenuous life. He was home-schooled and became an eager student of nature. He attended Harvard College, where he studied biology, boxed, and developed an interest in naval affairs. He quickly entered politics, determined to become a member of the ruling class. In 1881, he was elected to the New York State Assembly, where he became a leader of the reform faction of the GOP. His book, The Naval War of 1812 , established him as a learned historian and writer
Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish-Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania , the Social Democratic Party of Germany , the Independent Social Democratic Party , and the Communist Party of Germany
Jan 15 Karl Liebknecht a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. He is best known for his opposition to World War I in the Reichstag and his role in the Spartacist uprising of 1919. The uprising was crushed by the social democrat government and the Freikorps. Liebknecht and Luxemburg were murdered
Jan 22 Carl Larsson a Swedish painter representative of the Arts and Crafts Movement. His many paintings include oils, watercolors, and frescoes. He considered his finest work to be Midvinterblot , a large painting now displayed inside the Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts
Jan 24 Ismail Qemali a distinguished leader of the Albanian national movement, and founder of the Independent Albania. He was its head of state and president of its provisional government until January 1914 when he was forced to step aside by the International Commission of Control established by the six Great Powers
Jan 27 Endre Ady a Hungarian poet.