July 10 events in history

138 Emperor Hadrian dies after a heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina
645 Isshi Incident: Prince Naka-no-Ōe and Fujiwara no Kamatari assassinate Soga no Iruka during a coup d'état at the imperial palace
988 The Norse King Glun Iarainn recognises Máel Sechnaill II, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin
1212 The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground
1460 Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, defeats the king's Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton
1499 The Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama
1519 Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing
1553 Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England
1584 William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard
1645 English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place
1778 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain
1789 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Mackenzie River delta
1806 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
1821 The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain
1832 The U.S. President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States
1850 Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term
1877 The then-villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain
1882 War of the Pacific: Chile suffers its last military defeat in the Battle of La Concepción when a garrison of 77 men is annihilated by a 1,300-strong Peruvian force, many of them armed with spears
1890 Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state
1913 Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest temperature recorded in the United States
1921 Belfast's Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland
1925 Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration
1925 Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act
1938 Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world
1940 World War II: Battle of Britain – The German Luftwaffe begins attacking British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though)
1940 World War II: The Vichy government is established in France
1941 Jedwabne Pogrom: The massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland
1942 World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics
1942 Diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established
1946 Hungarian hyperinflation sets a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours
1947 Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor-General of Pakistan by the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee
1951 Korean War: Armistice negotiations begin at Kaesong
1962 Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit
1966 The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people come to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary
1967 New Zealand adopts decimal currency
1967 Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
1971 Hassan II of Morocco survives an attempted coup d'état, which lasts until June 11
1973 John Paul Getty III, a grandson of the oil magnate J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy
1973 National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh
1973 The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations
1976 The Seveso disaster occurs in Italy
1976 One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial
1978 World News Tonight premieres on ABC
1978 President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania is ousted in a bloodless coup d'état
1980 Alexandra Palace burns down for a second time
1985 The Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Fernando Pereira
1991 The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid
1991 Boris Yeltsin takes office as the first elected President of Russia
1992 In Miami, Florida, the former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations
1997 Miguel Ángel Blanco, a member of Partido Popular (Spain), is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests