Died on July 11

472 Anthemius Western Roman Emperor from 467 to 472.
645 Soga no Emishi a statesman of the Yamato Imperial Court. His alternative names include Emishi and Toyora no Ōomi. After the death of his father Soga no Umako, Emishi took over Ōomi , the Minister of state, from his father
969 Olga of Kiev a ruler of Kievan Rus' as regent for her son, Svyatoslav.
1003 Al-Mansur al-Qasim al-Iyyani an imam of the Zaidi state in Yemen who briefly reestablished a comprehensive Zaidi realm in the years 999–1002.
1110 Elias I Count of Maine the Count of Maine, succeeding his cousin Hugh V, Count of Maine.
1174 Amalric I of Jerusalem King of Jerusalem 1163–1174, and Count of Jaffa and Ascalon before his accession. Amalric was the second son of Melisende of Jerusalem and Fulk of Jerusalem, and succeeded his older brother Baldwin III. During his reign, Jerusalem became more closely allied with the Byzantine Empire, and the two states launched an unsuccessful invasion of Egypt. Meanwhile, the Muslim territories surrounding Jerusalem began to be united under Nur ad-Din and later Saladin. He was the father of three future rulers of Jerusalem, Sibylla, Baldwin IV, and Isabella I
1183 Otto I Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 1180 until his death. He was the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach, a dynasty which reigned until the abdication of King Ludwig III of Bavaria in the German Revolution of 1918
1302 Robert II Count of Artois the Count of Artois, the posthumous son and heir of Robert I and Matilda of Brabant.
1302 Raoul of Clermont Seigneur of Nesle in Picardy , Viscount of Châteaudun , Grand Chamberlain of France and Constable of France.
1344 Ulrich III Count of Württemberg from 1325 until 1344.
1362 Anna von Schweidnitz Queen of Bohemia, German Queen, and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was the third wife of Emperor Charles IV
1382 Nicole Oresme a significant philosopher of the later Middle Ages. He wrote influential works on economics, mathematics, physics, astrology and astronomy, philosophy, and theology; was Bishop of Lisieux, a translator, a counselor of King Charles V of France, and probably one of the most original thinkers of the 14th century
1451 Barbara of Cilli the spouse of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund and as such Holy Roman Empress. She was by marriage also Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. She was actively involved in politics and economy of her times, independently administering large feudal fiefdoms and taxes, and was instrumental in creating famous royal Order of the Dragon. She served as the regent of Hungarian kingdom in the absence of her husband
1535 Joachim I Nestor Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, his nickname was taken from King Nestor of Greek mythology
1576 Eleonora di Garzia di Toledo the daughter of García Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Marquis of Villafranca, Duke of Fernandina, and the wife of Don Pietro de' Medici, a son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Leonora was born in Florence, where she was brought up by Cosimo and Eleanor of Toledo, her aunt and namesake. Betrothed to their son Pietro at the age of 15, she blossomed under the wing of Pietro's older sister, the artistic patron Isabella, into a vivacious and witty beauty. Her marriage, like Isabella's, was not a success, and she followed her mentor's example of taking lovers. For this reason, Pietro had her brought in 1576 to the country retreat of Cafaggiolo, where he strangled her to death with a dog leash. Cosimo's successor, Francesco I, tacitly approved the murder, and Pietro was never brought to justice for it
1581 Peder Skram a Danish senator and naval hero, born between 1491 and 1503, at his father's estate at Urup near Horsens in Jutland.
1593 Giuseppe Arcimboldo an Italian painter best known for creating imaginative portrait heads made entirely of such objects as fruits, vegetables, flowers, fish, and books.
1599 Chōsokabe Motochika a Sengoku period daimyo in Japan. He was the 21st chief of the Chōsokabe clan of Tosa Province. He was the son and heir of Chōsokabe Kunichika and his mother was a daughter of the Saitō clan of Mino Province
1663 Lubin Baugin a French painter.
1664 Jan Janssonius a Dutch cartographer and publisher who lived and worked in Amsterdam in the 17th century.
1688 Narai the king of Ayutthaya from 1656 to 1688 and arguably the most famous Ayutthayan king. His reign was the most prosperous during the Ayutthaya period and saw the great commercial and diplomatic activities with foreign nations including the Persians and the West. During the later years of his reign, Narai gave his favorite – the Greek adventurer Constantine Phaulkon – so much power that Phaulkon technically became the chancellor of the state. Through the arrangements of Phaulkon, the Siamese kingdom came into close diplomatic relations with the court of Louis XIV and French soldiers and missionaries filled the Siamese aristocracy and defense. The dominance of French officials led to frictions between them and the native mandarins and led to the turbulent revolution of 1688 towards the end of his reign. Narai’s reign was also known for the 1662–1664 invasion of Burmese Lanna, the destruction of the briefly independent port city of the Sultanate of Singgora , and the Siam–England war
1690 Frederick Schomberg 1st Duke of Schomberg a marshal of France and a General in the English and Portuguese Army.
1733 Jakob Hermann a mathematician who worked on problems in classical mechanics. He is the author of Phoronomia, an early treatise on Mechanics. In 1729, he proclaimed that it was as easy to graph a locus on the polar coordinate system as it was to graph it on the Cartesian coordinate system
1760 Johann Heinrich Callenberg a German Orientalist, Lutheran professor of theology and philology, and promoter of conversion attempts among Jews and Muslims.
1763 Peter Forsskål a Swedish explorer, orientalist, naturalist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
1766 Elisabeth Farnese Queen of Spain as the wife of King Philip She exerted great influence over Spain's foreign policy and was the de facto ruler of Spain from 1714 until 1746. From 1759 until 1760, she governed as regent
1768 José de Nebra a Spanish composer.
1774 Sir William Johnson 1st Baronet an Anglo-Irish official of the British Empire. As a young man, Johnson moved to the Province of New York to manage an estate purchased by his uncle, Admiral Peter Warren, which was located amidst the Mohawk, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois League. Johnson learned the Mohawk language and Iroquois customs, and was appointed the British agent to the Iroquois. Because of his success, he was appointed in 1756 as British Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the northern colonies. Throughout his career as a British official among the Iroquois, Johnson combined personal business with official diplomacy, acquiring tens of thousands of acres of Native land and becoming very wealthy
1775 Simon Boerum a farmer, miller, and political leader from Brooklyn, New York. He represented New York in the Continental Congress in 1774 and 1775
1797 Ienăchiță Văcărescu a Wallachian Romanian poet, historian, philologist, and boyar belonging to the Văcărescu family. A polyglot, he was able to speak Ancient and Modern Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Arabic, Persian, French, German, Italian, and Ottoman Turkish
1806 James Smith (delegate) an American lawyer and a signer to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Pennsylvania.
1807 George Atwood an English mathematician who invented a machine for illustrating the effects of Newton's first law of motion. He was also a renowned chess player whose skill for recording many games of his own and of other players, including François-André Danican Philidor, the leading master of his time, left a valuable historical record for future generations
1820 Frederick Traugott Pursh a German-American botanist.
1828 Johan Wilhelm Dalman a Swedish physician and a naturalist. He first studied at Christianfeld in Schleswig-Holstein then at the University of Lund and the University of Uppsala. He was mainly interested in entomology and botany. He received his degree in 1816 then his doctorate in 1817 from the University of Uppsala. Dalman became librarian of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, a member of the Academy in 1821, then director of the zoological garden, then demonstrator in botany at the Karolinska Institutet of Stockholm
1844 Yevgeny Baratynsky lauded by Alexander Pushkin as the finest Russian elegiac poet. After a long period when his reputation was on the wane, Baratynsky was rediscovered by Anna Akhmatova and Joseph Brodsky as a supreme poet of thought
1845 Johann Wilhelm Meigen a German entomologist famous for his pioneering work on Diptera.
1847 Antoine Virgile Schneider a soldier and politician. He was Minister of War under the July Monarchy in the second government of Jean de Dieu Soult of 12 May 1839 on 1 March 1840
1856 Josef Kajetán Tyl a significant Czech dramatist, writer and actor. He was a notable figure of the Czech National Revival movement and is best known as the author of the current national anthem of the Czech Republic titled Kde domov můj
1861 Tilman-François Suys a Belgian architect who also worked in the Netherlands.
1861 Georgius Jacobus Johannes van Os a 19th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands.
1871 Germain Sommeiller a civil engineer from Savoy. He directed the construction of the Fréjus Rail Tunnel between France and Italy, also known as the Mont Cenis Tunnel. This was the first of a series of major tunnels built in the late 19th century to connect northern and southern Europe through the Alps. Sommeiller pioneered the use of pneumatic drilling and dynamite to achieve record-breaking excavation speeds. This 12.8-km tunnel was completed on December 26, 1870, 11 years ahead of schedule. It remained the longest tunnel in the world until the opening of the Gotthard Rail Tunnel in 1882
1880 Léon Gaston Genevier a French pharmacist and botanist.
1881 Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann a Polish-born Danish painter. She was married to the sculptor Jens Adolf Jerichau
1882 Johnny Ringo an outlaw member of The Cowboys of Cochise County, of the American Old West, who was affiliated with Ike Clanton and Frank Stilwell in Cochise County, Arizona Territory during 1881–1882.
1884 Julius Rupp a Prussian Protestant theologian. He founded the first Free Protestant Congregation in Königsberg, which rejected all state or church control and believed in absolute freedom of conscience for its members
1890 Carl Steffeck a German painter and graphic artist. He was especially well known for his paintings of horses and dogs
1892 Ravachol a French anarchist. He was born on 14 October 1859, at Saint-Chamond, Loire and died guillotined on 11 July 1892, at Montbrison
1896 Ernst Curtius a German archaeologist and historian.
1899 Teodolfo Mertel a lawyer and deacon and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the last cardinal not to have been ordained at least a priest
1901 Godfried Guffens a Belgian painter. He is best known for his monumental religious and historical murals