July 11 events in history

472 After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius is captured in the St. Peter's Basilica and put to death
911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy
1174 Baldwin IV, 13, becomes King of Jerusalem, with Raymond III, Count of Tripoli as regent and William of Tyre as chancellor
1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's royal army
1346 Charles IV, Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, is elected King of the Romans
1405 Ming admiral Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time
1476 Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances
1576 Martin Frobisher sights Greenland
1616 Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec
1735 Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that dwarf planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of Neptune for the last time before 1979
1740 Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia
1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire
1789 Jacques Necker is dismissed as France's Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille
1796 The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty
1798 The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War
1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons makes his first comet discovery. In the next 27 years he discovers another 36 comets, more than any other person in history
1804 A duel occurs in which the Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1833 Noongar Australian aboriginal warrior Yagan, wanted for the murder of white colonists in Western Australia, is killed
1848 Waterloo railway station in London opens
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Fort Stevens; Confederate forces attempt to invade Washington, D.C
1882 The British Mediterranean Fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the Anglo-Egyptian War
1889 Tijuana, Mexico, is founded
1893 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua
1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto
1895 Brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière demonstrate movie film technology to scientists
1897 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to attempt to reach the North Pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies
1906 Murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in the United States, inspiration for Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy
1914 Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball
1914 USS Nevada (BB-36) is launched
1919 The eight-hour day and free Sunday become law for workers in the Netherlands
1920 In the East Prussian plebiscite the local populace decides to remain with Weimar Germany
1921 Former President of the United States William Howard Taft is sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person ever to hold both offices
1921 A truce in the Irish War of Independence comes into effect
1921 The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army and establishes the Mongolian People's Republic
1922 The Hollywood Bowl opens
1924 Eric Liddell won the gold medal in 400m at the 1924 Paris Olympics, after refusing to run in the heats for 100m, his favoured distance, on the Sunday
1930 Australian cricketer Donald Bradman scores a world record 309 runs in one day, on his way to the highest individual Test innings of 334, during a Test match against England
1934 Engelbert Zaschka of Germany flies his large human-powered aircraft, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin Tempelhof Airport without assisted take off
1936 The Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic
1940 World War II: Vichy France regime is formally established. Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France
1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army within the Reichskommissariat Ukraine (Volhynia) peak
1943 World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily – German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily
1947 The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France
1950 Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank
1957 Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III
1960 France legislates for the independence of Dahomey (later Benin), Upper Volta (later Burkina) and Niger
1960 Congo Crisis: The State of Katanga breaks away from the Democratic Republic of the Congo
1960 To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published, in the United States
1962 First transatlantic satellite television transmission
1962 Project Apollo: At a press conference, NASA announces lunar orbit rendezvous as the means to land astronauts on the Moon, and return them to Earth