July 12 in history

July 12 events chronologically

927 Æthelstan, King of England, secures a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter will not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process of unifying Great Britain. This is considered the closest thing that England has to a foundation date
1191 Third Crusade: Saladin's garrison surrenders to Philip Augustus, ending the two-year siege of Acre
1470 The Ottomans capture Euboea
1493 Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle, one of the best-documented early printed books, is published
1527 Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê Dynasty and starting the Mạc Dynasty
1543 King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace
1561 Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow is consecrated

Top 7 most famous people born on July 12

1817 Henry David Thoreau an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian. A leading transcendentalist, Thoreau is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Resistance to Civil Government , an argument for disobedience to an unjust state
1895 Buckminster Fuller an American neo-futuristic architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor.
1904 Pablo Neruda the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet-diplomat and politician Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. He derived his pen name from the Czech poet Jan Neruda. In 1971 Pablo Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature
1937 Bill Cosby an American stand-up comedian, actor, author, television producer, educator, musician and activist. A veteran stand-up performer, he got his start at the hungry i in San Francisco and various other clubs, then landed a starring role in the 1960s action show I Spy. He later starred in his own sitcom, The Bill Cosby Show. He was one of the major performers on the children's television series The Electric Company during its first two seasons, and created the educational cartoon comedy series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, about a group of young friends growing up in the city. Cosby also acted in a number of films
1977 Brock Lesnar an American professional wrestler and former professional mixed martial artist. He is currently signed with WWE, where he is the WWE World Heavyweight Champion in his fourth reign. Lesnar is also a former UFC Heavyweight Champion and NCAA Division I Heavyweight Wrestling Champion, making him the only person to have won a WWE championship, UFC championship, and NCAA wrestling championship
1991 James Rodríguez a Colombian footballer who plays for Spanish club Real Madrid and the Colombian national team, as an attacking midfielder or winger.
1997 Malala Yousafzai a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize recipient. She is known mainly for human rights advocacy for education and for women in her native Swat Valley in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of northwest Pakistan, where the local Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. Yousafzai's advocacy has since grown into an international movement

Top 7 most famous people died on July 12

1536 Desiderius Erasmus a Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.
1804 Alexander Hamilton a founding father of the United States, chief staff aide to General George Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the U.S. Constitution, the founder of the nation's financial system, and the founder of the first political party
1814 William Howe 5th Viscount Howe a British army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American War of Independence. Howe was one of three brothers who enjoyed distinguished military careers
1926 Gertrude Bell an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, archaeologist and spy who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her skill and contacts, built up through extensive travels in Greater Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Arabia. Along with E. Lawrence, Bell helped establish the Hashemite dynasties in what is today Jordan as well as in Iraq
1935 Alfred Dreyfus a French artillery officer of Jewish background whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French history. Known today as the Dreyfus Affair, the incident eventually ended with Dreyfus' complete exoneration
1945 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen a German Generalfeldmarschall of the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. Born in 1895 into a family of the Prussian nobility, Wolfram grew up in wealthy surroundings. After attending school, he opted to join the German Army at the age of 18, rather than choose an academic career. He joined the army's cavalry arm in 1913
2013 Pran (actor) a multiple Filmfare and BFJA award-winning Indian actor, known as a movie villain and character actor in Hindi cinema from the 1940s to the 1990s. He acted as a hero from 1940–47 and as a villain from 1942–1991 and played supporting and character roles from 1948–2007