July 13 in history

July 13 events chronologically

1174 William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England
1249 Coronation of Alexander III as King of Scots
1260 The Livonian Order suffers its greatest defeat in the 13th century in the Battle of Durbe against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1490 John of Kastav finishes a cycle of frescoes in the Holy Trinity Church in Hrastovlje (now southwestern Slovenia)
1558 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes at Gravelines
1573 Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months
1643 English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down – In England, Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, heavily defeats the Parliamentarian forces led by Sir William Waller

Top 7 most famous people born on July 13

1527 John Dee a mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occultist, imperialist and adviser to Queen Elizabeth He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination and Hermetic philosophy.
1934 Wole Soyinka a Nigerian playwright and poet. He was awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Literature, the first African to be so honored
1935 Jack Kemp an American politician and a collegiate and professional football player. A Republican, he served as Housing Secretary in the administration of President George W. Bush from 1989 to 1993, having previously served nine terms as a congressman for Western New York's 31st congressional district from 1971 to 1989. He was the Republican Party's nominee for Vice President in the 1996 election, where he was the running mate of presidential nominee Bob Dole. Kemp had previously contended for the presidential nomination in the 1988 Republican primaries
1940 Patrick Stewart an English film, television, and stage actor, who has had a distinguished career on stage and screen. He is most widely known for his roles as Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek: The Next Generation and its successor films, as Professor Charles Xavier in the X-Men film series, his prolific stage roles with the Royal Shakespeare Company, and his many voice acting roles
1942 Harrison Ford an American actor. He gained worldwide fame for his starring roles as Han Solo in the original Star Wars trilogy and the title character of the Indiana Jones film series. Ford is also known for his roles as Rick Deckard in Blade Runner, John Book in Witness and Jack Ryan in Patriot Games and Clear and Present Danger
1950 Ma Ying-jeou a Taiwanese politician and the current President of the Republic of China , and the Chairman of the Kuomintang. Previous roles include Justice Minister and Mayor of Taipei. He is also the current Chairman of the Kuomintang , having served in that role since 2005 but stepping down for a period between 2007 and 2009. Ma first won the presidency by 58.45% of the popular vote in the presidential election of 2008, and was re-elected in 2012 with 51.6% of the vote. He was sworn into office as president on 20 May 2008, and sworn in as the Chairman of the Kuomintang on 17 October 2009; he is expected to resign as Chairman on 3 December 2014
1977 Kari Wahlgren an American actress who has provided English language voices for over a hundred cartoons, anime and video games. She got her start in anime voice-overs as Haruko Haruhara in FLCL, and would later land major roles in a number of series: Robin Sena in Witch Hunter Robin; Lavie in Last Exile; Scarlett in Steamboy; Pacifica Casull, the Scrapped Princess; Saya Otonashi in Blood+; Kagami Hiiragi in Lucky Star; and Saber in Fate/zero. In animation, she has provided voices for a number of productions including Super Robot Monkey Team Hyperforce Go!, Fish Hooks, Phineas & Ferb, Ben 10, Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness, Winx Club and Kaijudo: Rise of the Duel Masters. In video games, she voiced lead characters Ashe in Final Fantasy XII and Shelke in Dirge of Cerberus – Final Fantasy VII

Top 7 most famous people died on July 13

1793 Jean-Paul Marat a physician, political theorist and scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution. His journalism became renowned for its fierce tone, uncompromising stance toward the new leaders and institutions of the revolution, and advocacy of basic human rights for the poorest members of society
1890 John C. Frémont an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States. During the 1840s, when he led four expeditions into the American West, that era's penny press and admiring historians accorded Frémont the sobriquet The Pathfinder
1921 Gabriel Lippmann a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.
1951 Arnold Schoenberg an Austrian composer and painter, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. With the rise of the Nazi Party, by 1938 Schoenberg's works were labelled as degenerate music because he was Jewish ; he moved to the United States in 1934
1954 Frida Kahlo best known for her self-portraits.
1967 Tom Simpson one of Britain's most successful professional cyclists. He was born in Haswell, County Durham and later moved to Harworth, Nottinghamshire. Simpson began road cycling as a teenager before taking up track cycling, specialising in pursuit races. He won a bronze medal for track cycling at the 1956 Summer Olympics and a silver at the 1958 Commonwealth Games
2014 Nadine Gordimer a South African writer, political activist and recipient of the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature. She was recognized as a woman "who through her magnificent epic writing has – in the words of Alfred Nobel – been of very great benefit to humanity"