Died on July 15

417 Pishoy an Egyptian desert father. He is said to have seen Jesus and that his body is preserved to the present day in incorruptibility at the Monastery of Saint Bishoy at the Nitrian Desert, Egypt. He is venerated by the Oriental Orthodox Churches and the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and is known in the latter under the Greek version of his name, Paisios
756 Yang Guifei known as one of the Four Beauties of ancient China. She was the beloved consort of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang during his later years
967 Boleslaus I Duke of Bohemia the ruler of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death. He was the son of Vratislaus I and the younger brother of his predecessor, Wenceslaus I
1015 Vladimir the Great a prince of Novgorod, grand prince of Kiev, and ruler of Kievan Rus' from 980 to 1015.
1274 Bonaventure Saint Bonaventure, O.F.M. born Giovanni di Fidanza, was an Italian medieval scholastic theologian and philosopher. The seventh Minister General of the Order of Friars Minor, he was also a Cardinal Bishop of Albano. He was canonised on 14 April 1482 by Pope Sixtus IV and declared a Doctor of the Church in the year 1588 by Pope Sixtus He is known as the "Seraphic Doctor". Many writings believed in the Middle Ages to be his are now collected under the name Pseudo-Bonaventura
1291 Rudolf I of Germany King of the Romans from 1273 until his death. Rudolf was the first of the count-kings, so-called by the historian Bernd Schneidmüller
1299 Eric II of Norway the King of Norway from 1280 until 1299.
1381 John Ball (priest) an English Lollard priest who took a prominent part in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.
1406 William Duke of Austria a member and head of the Leopoldinian Line, ruler of Carinthia, Styria and Carniola.
1410 Ulrich von Jungingen the 26th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1407 to 1410. His policy of confrontation with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland would spark the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War and lead to disaster for his Order, and his own death, at the Battle of Grunwald
1445 Joan Beaufort Queen of Scots the Queen Consort of Scotland from 1424 to 1437 as the spouse of King James I of Scotland. During part of the minority of her son James II , she served as the Regent of Scotland
1542 Lisa del Giocondo a member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany in Italy. Her name was given to Mona Lisa, her portrait commissioned by her husband and painted by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance
1544 René of Chalon a Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre.
1571 Shimazu Takahisa a daimyo during Japan's Sengoku period. He was the fifteenth head of the Shimazu clan
1595 Toyotomi Hidetsugu a nephew and retainer of Toyotomi Hideyoshi who lived during the Sengoku period of the 16th century of Japan.
1596 Giuseppe Valeriano an Italian painter and architect, priest of the Jesuit order, and active in Rome, Spain, and Naples.
1609 Annibale Carracci an Italian Baroque painter.
1614 Pierre de Bourdeille seigneur de Brantôme a French historian, soldier and biographer.
1626 Isabella Brant a Flemish artists' model, the first wife of painter Peter Paul Rubens. She was the daughter of Jan Brant, an important city official in Antwerp, and Clara de Moy. Brant married Rubens on 3 October 1609 in Saint Michael's Abbey, Antwerp. They had three children: Clara, Nikolaas and Albert. She was 34 years old when she died of the plague
1635 Luke Foxe an English explorer, born in Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, who searched for the Northwest Passage across North America. In 1631, he sailed much of the western Hudson Bay before concluding no such passage was possible. Foxe Basin, Foxe Channel and Foxe Peninsula were named after him
1655 Girolamo Rainaldi an Italian architect who worked mainly in a conservative Mannerist style, often with collaborating architects. He was a successful competitor of Bernini. His son, Carlo Rainaldi, became an even more notable, more fully Baroque architect
1673 Helena Fourment the second wife of Peter Paul Rubens. She was the subject of a few portraits by Rubens, and also modeled for other religious and mythological paintings
1685 James Scott 1st Duke of Monmouth an English nobleman. Originally called James Crofts or James Fitzroy, he was born in Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the eldest illegitimate son of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland and his mistress, Lucy Walter
1708 Vasyl Kochubey a Ukrainian nobleman and statesman of Tatar descent. His great-grandson was the eminent imperial statesman Viktor Kochubey. The family name is also spelled Kotchoubey and Kotschoubey
1732 Woodes Rogers an English sea captain, privateer, and, later, the first Royal Governor of the Bahamas. He is known as the captain of the vessel that rescued the marooned Alexander Selkirk, whose plight is generally believed to have inspired Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe
1735 Robert de Cotte a French architect-administrator, under whose design control of the royal buildings of France from 1699, the earliest notes presaging the Rococo style were introduced. First a pupil of Jules Hardouin-Mansart, he later became his brother-in-law and his collaborator. After Hardouin-Mansart's death, de Cotte completed his unfinished projects, notably the royal chapel at Versailles and the Grand Trianon
1750 Vasily Tatishchev a prominent Russian statesman, and ethnographer, best remembered as the author of the first full-scale Russian history. Throughout this work, he advocates his favourite idea that autocracy is the perfect form of government for Russia
1765 Charles-André van Loo a French subject painter, son of the painter Louis-Abraham van Loo, a younger brother of Jean-Baptiste van Loo and grandson of Jacob van Loo. He was the most famous member of a successful dynasty of painters of Dutch origin. His oeuvre includes every category: religion, history painting, mythology, portraiture, allegory, and genre scenes
1767 Michael Bruce (poet) a Scottish poet and hymnist.
1788 Jean Germain Drouais born in Paris. His father, Francois Hubert Drouais, and his grandfather, Hubert Drouais, were well-known portrait painters; and it was from his father that he received his first artistic instruction
1789 Jacques Duphly a French harpsichordist and composer.
1796 Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician. He is best known today for his chess writing
1798 Gaetano Pugnani born in Turin. He trained on the violin under Giovanni Battista Somis. In 1752, Pugnani became the first violinist of the Royal Chapel of Turin. Then he went on a large tour that granted him great fame for his extraordinary skill on the violin. In 1754, he was very well received at the Concert Spirituel in Paris, but in 1768 he had an even more successful musical encounter in London, directing the King's Theatre from 1767 to 1769
1802 Louis-Marie Stanislas Fréron a French politician, journalist, representative to the National Assembly, and a representative on mission during the French Revolution.
1810 Jean-Baptiste Rey a French conductor and composer.
1828 Jean-Antoine Houdon a French neoclassical sculptor.
1830 Dominique Vandamme a French military officer, who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
1833 Hipólito Unanue a physician, naturalist, meteorologist, university professor, independence precursor and a Peruvian politician, active in politics in the early years after independence.
1835 Izabela Czartoryska a Polish aristocrat, writer, art collector, and founder of Poland's first museum, the Czartoryski Museum in Kraków.
1839 Winthrop Mackworth Praed an English politician and poet.
1844 Claude Charles Fauriel a French historian, philologist and critic.
1851 Anne-Marie Javouhey a French nun who founded the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Cluny. She is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church. She is known as the Liberator of the Slaves in the New World, and as the mother of the town of Mana, French Guiana
1851 Juan Felipe Ibarra an Argentine soldier and politician. He was one of the caudillos who dominated the Argentine interior during the formation of the national state, and ruled the province of his birth for decades
1853 Wilhelm von Kobell a German painter, printmaker and teacher.
1857 Carl Czerny an Austrian composer, teacher, and pianist of Czech origin whose vast musical production amounted to over a thousand works. His books of studies for the piano are still widely used in piano teaching
1861 Adam Jerzy Czartoryski a Polish-Lithuanian noble, statesman and author. He was the son of Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski and Izabela Fleming
1868 William T. G. Morton an American dentist who first publicly demonstrated the use of inhaled ether as a surgical anesthetic in 1846. The promotion of his questionable claim to have been the discoverer of anesthesia became an obsession for the rest of his life
1868 Gustav Friedrich Waagen a German art historian. In the light of later research his writings are not of much value as regards trustworthy criticism, though they are useful as catalogues of art treasures in private collections at the time when they were compiled. His opinions were greatly respected in England, where he was invited to give evidence before the royal commission inquiring into the condition and future of the National Gallery, for which he was a leading candidate to become director. He died on a visit to Copenhagen in 1868
1869 Heinrich Wendland a botanist who authored a number of Acacia species.
1871 Ján Chalupka a Slovak dramatist, playwright, publicist and Evangelical pastor.