July 15 events in history

756 An Lushan Rebellion: Emperor Xuanzong of Tang is ordered by his Imperial Guards to execute chancellor ] by forcing him to commit suicide or face a mutiny. He permits his consort Yang Guifei to be strangled by his chief eunuch. General An Lushan has other members of the emperor's family killed
1099 First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege
1149 The reconstructed Church of the Holy Sepulchre is consecrated in Jerusalem
1207 King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop Stephen Langton
1240 Swedish–Novgorodian Wars: A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva
1381 John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of King Richard II of England
1410 Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War: Battle of Grunwald – the allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order
1482 Muhammad XII is crowned the twenty-second and last Nasrid king of Granada
1685 Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill, England after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685
1741 Aleksei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska
1789 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, is named by acclamation Colonel General of the new National Guard of Paris
1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign
1806 Pike expedition: United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Bellefontaine near St. Louis, Missouri, to explore the west
1815 Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders aboard HMS Bellerophon
1823 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome, Italy
1834 The Spanish Inquisition is officially disbanded after nearly 356 years
1838 Ralph Waldo Emerson delivers the Divinity School Address at Harvard Divinity School, discounting Biblical miracles and declaring Jesus a great man, but not God. The Protestant community reacts with outrage
1870 Reconstruction Era of the United States: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union
1870 Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory are transferred to Canada from the Hudson's Bay Company, and the province of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories are established from these vast territories
1888 The stratovolcano Mount Bandai erupts killing approximately 500 people, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan
1910 In his book Clinical Psychiatry, Emil Kraepelin gives a name to Alzheimer's disease, naming it after his colleague Alois Alzheimer
1916 In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing)
1918 World War I: The Second Battle of the Marne begins near the River Marne with a German attack
1920 The Polish Parliament establishes Silesian Voivodeship before the Polish-German plebiscite
1922 Japanese Communist Party is established in Japan
1927 Massacre of July 15, 1927: Eighty-nine protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna
1954 First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series
1955 Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others
1959 The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history
1966 Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnam begin Operation Hastings to push the North Vietnamese out of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone
1971 The United Red Army is founded in Japan
1974 In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek Junta-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d'état, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president
1975 Space Race: Apollo–Soyuz Test Project features the dual launch of an Apollo spacecraft and a Soyuz spacecraft on the first joint Soviet-United States human-crewed flight. It was both the last launch of an Apollo spacecraft, and the Saturn family of rockets
1979 U.S. President Jimmy Carter gives his so-called malaise speech, where he characterizes the greatest threat to the country as "this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation" but in which he never uses the word malaise
1980 A massive storm tears through western Wisconsin, causing US$160 million in damage
1983 Orly Airport attack is launched by Armenian militant organisation ASALA at the Paris-Orly Airport in Paris; it leaves 8 people dead and 55 injured
1996 A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport
1997 In Miami, Florida, serial killer Andrew Cunanan guns down Gianni Versace outside his home
2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony
2002 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
2003 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day
2006 Twitter is launched, becoming one of the largest social media platforms in the world