July 16 in history

July 16 events chronologically

622 The beginning of the Islamic calendar
1054 Three Roman legates break relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Historians frequently describe the event as the start of the East–West Schism
1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa: After Pope Innocent III calls European knights to a crusade, forces of Kings Alfonso VIII of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre, Peter II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal defeat those of the Berber Muslim leader Almohad, thus marking a significant turning point in the Reconquista and in the medieval history of Spain
1377 Coronation of Richard II of England
1661 The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco
1683 Manchu Qing Dynasty naval forces under traitorous commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands
1769 Father Junípero Serra founds California's first mission, Mission San Diego de Alcalá. Over the following decades, it evolves into the city of San Diego, California

Top 7 most famous people born on July 16

1872 Roald Amundsen a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. He led the Antarctic expedition that saw the first people reach the South Pole, on 14 December 1911. In 1926, he was the first expedition leader to be recognized without dispute as having reached the North Pole
1907 Barbara Stanwyck an American actress. She was a film and television star, known during her 60-year career as a consummate and versatile professional with a strong, realistic screen presence, and a favorite of directors including Cecil DeMille, Fritz Lang and Frank Capra. After a short but notable career as a stage actress in the late 1920s, she made 85 films in 38 years in Hollywood, before turning to television
1911 Ginger Rogers an American actress, dancer and singer who appeared in films, and on stage, radio, and television throughout much of the 20th century.
1947 Assata Shakur an African-American activist and escaped convicted murderer who was a member of the Black Panther Party and Black Liberation Army. Between 1971 and 1973, Shakur was accused of several crimes and made the subject of a multi-state manhunt
1968 Larry Sanger an American Internet project developer, co-founder of Wikipedia, and the founder of Citizendium. He grew up in Anchorage, Alaska. From an early age he has been interested in philosophy. Sanger received a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from Reed College in 1991 and a Doctor of Philosophy in philosophy from Ohio State University in 2000. Most of his philosophical work has focused on epistemology, the theory of knowledge
1983 Katrina Kaif a British-Indian film actress and model. Primarily known for her work in Bollywood films, Kaif has also appeared in Telugu and Malayalam films. In addition to being one of Bollywood's highest-paid actresses, she is known as one of India's most attractive celebrities by the media
1989 Gareth Bale a Welsh footballer who plays for Spanish club Real Madrid and the Wales national team, as a winger.

Top 7 most famous people died on July 16

678 Aisha one of Muhammad's wives. In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers" , per the description of Muhammad's wives in the Quran
1216 Pope Innocent III reigned from 8 January 1198 to his death. His birth name was Lotario dei Conti di Segni, sometimes anglicised to Lothar of Segni
1915 Ellen G. White a prolific author and an American Christian pioneer. She, along with other Sabbatarian Adventist leaders, such as Joseph Bates and her husband James White, formed what is now known as the Seventh-day Adventist Church
1960 Albert Kesselring a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War In a military career that spanned both World Wars, Kesselring became one of Nazi Germany's most skilful commanders, being one of 27 soldiers awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. Nicknamed "Smiling Albert" by the Allies and "Uncle Albert" by his troops, he was one of the most popular generals of World War II with the rank and file
1985 Heinrich Böll one of Germany's foremost post-World War II writers. Böll was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize in 1967 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1972
1989 Herbert von Karajan an Austrian conductor. He was principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic for 35 years. He is generally regarded as one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century, and he was a dominant figure in European classical music from the 1960s until his death. Part of the reason for this was the large number of recordings he made and their prominence during his lifetime. By one estimate he was the top-selling classical music recording artist of all time, having sold an estimated 200 million records
1999 John F. Kennedy Jr. an American lawyer, journalist, and magazine publisher. He was the surviving son of U.S. President John Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, and younger brother of Caroline Kennedy. He was a nephew of Senators Robert Kennedy and Ted Kennedy, who both served as father figures to him after his father's assassination just before his third birthday