Born on July 16

1164 Frederick V Duke of Swabia duke of Swabia from 1167 to his death. He was the eldest son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy
1194 Clare of Assisi an Italian saint and one of the first followers of Saint Francis of Assisi. She founded the Order of Poor Ladies, a monastic religious order for women in the Franciscan tradition, and wrote their Rule of Life—the first monastic rule known to have been written by a woman. Following her death, the order she founded was renamed in her honor as the Order of Saint Clare, commonly referred to today as the Poor Clares
1486 Andrea del Sarto an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and early Mannerism. Though highly regarded during his lifetime as an artist senza errori , his renown was eclipsed after his death by that of his contemporaries, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael
1517 Frances Grey Duchess of Suffolk the second child and eldest daughter of King Henry VIII's sister Mary and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. She was the mother of Lady Jane Grey
1571 Theodoor Galle a Flemish Baroque engraver.
1611 Cecilia Renata of Austria Queen of Poland as consort to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's King Władysław IV Vasa.
1613 Alderano Cybo an Italian Catholic Cardinal.
1640 Ivan Romanov a son of Nikita Romanovich Zakharyin from his second wife, a junior half-brother of Feodor Nikitich Romanov and an uncle of the first Tsar from the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fedorovich.
1661 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville a soldier, ship captain, explorer, colonial administrator, knight of the order of Saint-Louis, adventurer, privateer, trader, member of Compagnies Franches de la Marine and founder of the French colony of Louisiana of New France.
1678 Jakob Hermann a mathematician who worked on problems in classical mechanics. He is the author of Phoronomia, an early treatise on Mechanics. In 1729, he proclaimed that it was as easy to graph a locus on the polar coordinate system as it was to graph it on the Cartesian coordinate system
1678 Sophie Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel a princess of Hesse-Kassel and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.
1714 Marc René marquis de Montalembert a French military engineer and writer, known for his work on fortifications.
1715 Charles Prince of Soubise a military man, and a minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis XVI. The last male of his branch of the House of Rohan, he was also the great grandfather to the duc d'Enghien, executed by Napoleon in 1804. Styled prince d'Epinoy at birth, he became the Prince of Soubise after 1749
1722 Joseph Wilton an English sculptor. He was one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and the academy's third keeper. His works are particularly numerous memorialising the famous Britons in Westminster Abbey
1723 Joshua Reynolds an influential eighteenth-century English painter, specialising in portraits. He promoted the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. He was a founder and first president of the Royal Academy, and was knighted by George III in 1769
1731 Samuel Huntington (statesman) a jurist, statesman, and Patriot in the American Revolution from Connecticut. As a delegate to the Continental Congress, he signed the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. He also served as President of the Continental Congress from 1779 to 1781, chief justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court from 1784 to 1785, and the 18th Governor of Connecticut from 1786 until his death
1735 Andrzej Poniatowski a Polish nobleman , General and Field Marshal.
1746 Giuseppe Piazzi an Italian Catholic priest of the Theatine order, mathematician, and astronomer. He was born in Ponte in Valtellina, and died in Naples. He established an observatory at Palermo, now the Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo – Giuseppe Vaiana. Perhaps his most famous discovery was the first asteroid, Ceres
1749 Cyrus Griffin a lawyer and judge who served as the last President of the Continental Congress, holding office from January 22, 1788, to November 2, 1788. He resigned after the ratification of the United States Constitution rendered the old Congress obsolete, and was later a United States federal judge
1769 Edmund Fanning an American explorer and sea captain, known as the "Pathfinder of the Pacific.".
1773 Josef Jungmann a Bohemian poet and linguist, and a leading figure of the Czech National Revival. Together with Josef Dobrovský, he is considered to be a creator of the modern Czech language
1776 Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus a German physician and naturalist who spent most of his active career teaching at Vilnius University in Tsarist Russia.
1795 John Francis Davis a British Diplomat, Sinologist, and the Second Governor of Hong Kong. He was the son of Samuel Davis and nephew to William Thomas Mercer
1796 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching. He is a pivotal figure in landscape painting and his vast output simultaneously references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism
1798 Eduard Friedrich Poeppig a German botanist, zoologist and explorer.
1803 Sarah Yorke Jackson the daughter-in-law of U.S. President Andrew Jackson. She served as White House hostess and unofficial First Lady of the United States from November 26, 1834 to March 4, 1837
1809 Konstantin Bernhard von Voigts-Rhetz a Prussian general who served in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War.
1816 Antoine François Marmontel a French pianist, teacher and musicographer.
1821 Mary Baker Eddy the founder of Christian Science, a new religious movement, in the United States in the latter half of the 19th century.
1822 Luigi Arditi an Italian violinist, composer and conductor.
1828 James Roosevelt I an American businessman. He was the father of James Roosevelt Roosevelt and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He was born in Hyde Park, New York to businessman Isaac Daniel Roosevelt and Mary Rebecca Aspinwall. Isaac's parents were businessman Jacobus Roosevelt III and Catherine Welles. Mary's parents were John Aspinwall and Susan Howland
1829 Graziadio Isaia Ascoli an Italian linguist.
1831 Pyotr Veinberg a Russian poet, translator, journalist and literary historian.
1831 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar the King of Persia from 17 September 1848 to 1 May 1896 when he was assassinated. He was the son of Mohammad Shah Qajar and Malek Jahān Khānom and the third longest reigning monarch in Persian history after Shapur II of the Sassanid dynasty and Tahmasp I of the Safavid Dynasty. Nasser al-Din Shah had sovereign power for close to 50 years and was also the first Persian monarch to ever write and publish his diaries
1832 Mariano Baptista President of Bolivia during the 1892-96 period. A member of the Conservative Party, he was renowned for his stirring oratorical style
1834 Adolf Lüderitz a German merchant and the founder of German South-West Africa, Imperial Germany's first colony. The coastal town of Lüderitz is named after him
1835 William Hunt Painter an English botanist who made a significant contribution to the science of Derbyshire vascular plant flora. He was a keen and wide-ranging collector of plant specimens, and was a member of the Botanical Exchange Club. In 1889 he published the first account of the flora of Derbyshire
1836 Isidor Rosenthal a German physiologist who was a native of Labischin.
1841 Nikolai von Glehn a Baltic German landowner and public figure, most notable for being the founder of the town of Nõmme.
1843 Marie Maxime Cornu a French botanist and mycologist. He was a younger brother to physicist Alfred Cornu
1855 Georges Rodenbach a Belgian Symbolist poet and novelist.
1858 Eugène Ysaÿe a Belgian violinist, composer and conductor. He was regarded as "The King of the Violin", or, as Nathan Milstein put it, the "tsar"
1860 Félicien Menu de Ménil a French composer and Esperanto enthusiast best known for his musical setting of Ludwig Zamenhof's poem La Espero.
1860 Otto Jespersen a Danish linguist who specialized in the grammar of the English language.
1861 Franz von Blon a German composer and bandmaster best known for his concert marches, operettas, and the serenade Sizilietta. He was born in Berlin on July 16, 1861 and attended Stern's Conservatory of Music. He began composing during his military service from 1880 to 1883. He founded the Berlin Philharmonic Wind Orchestra, with which he toured Europe and the United States, conducting concerts at the 1904 World's Fair. He died near Berlin in 1945
1862 Ida B. Wells an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She documented lynching in the United States, showing how it was often a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites, often under the guise of rape charges. She was active in women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several notable women's organizations. Wells was a skilled and persuasive rhetorician, and traveled internationally on lecture tours
1863 Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler an Austrian-born U.S. pianist.
1867 Émile Michelet a sailor from France, who represented his country at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Meulan, France. With crewmember Marcel Meran, Michelet, as helmsman, took the 3rd place in the race of the 0.5 to 1 ton
1867 Nikolai Kolomeitsev a naval officer of the Russian Empire and Arctic explorer.
1868 Georges de la Chapelle a French tennis player. He competed in the men's doubles event at the 1900 Summer Olympics winning a bronze medal