Born on July 17

1134 Centule VI Viscount of Béarn the Viscount of Béarn from 1131 to his death. Like his father, he was an ideal Christian prince for his age, ready to serve the Church in the Reconquista
1383 James of Baux Prince of Taranto and the last titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1374 to 1383, and Prince of Achaea from 1382 to 1383.
1487 Ismail I Shah of Iran and the founder of the Safavid dynasty which survived until 1736. Isma'il started his campaign in Iranian Azerbaijan in 1500 as the leader of the Safaviyya, a Twelver Shia militant religious order, and unified all of Iran by 1509. Born in Ardabil in Northwestern Iran, he reigned as Shah Ismail I of Iran from 1501 to 1524
1499 Maria Salviati an Italian noblewoman, the daughter of Lucrezia di Lorenzo de' Medici and Jacopo Salviati. She married Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and was the mother of Cosimo I de Medici. Her husband died 30 November 1526, leaving her a widow at the age of 27. Salviati never remarried; after her husband's death she adopted the somber garb of a novice, which is how she is remembered today as numerous late portraits show her attired in black and white
1658 Diogo de Mendonça Corte-Real an accomplished Portuguese diplomat and statesman, and Secretary of State to King Peter II and John V.
1674 Isaac Watts an English Christian hymnwriter, theologian and logician. A prolific and popular hymn writer, his work was part of evangelization. He was recognized as the "Father of English Hymnody", credited with some 750 hymns. Many of his hymns remain in use today and have been translated into numerous languages
1714 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten a German philosopher.
1715 Fredericka of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
1729 Pierre André de Suffren Admiral comte Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez, bailli de Suffren , French admiral. He was most famous for his campaign in the Indian Ocean, in which he inconclusively contended for supremacy against the established British power there, led by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hughes
1736 Marc-Guillaume Alexis Vadier a French politician of the French Revolution.
1744 Elbridge Gerry an American statesman and diplomat. As a Democratic-Republican he was selected as the fifth Vice President of the United States , serving under James Madison. He is known best for being the namesake of gerrymandering, a process by which electoral districts are drawn with the aim of aiding the party in power, although its initial "g" has softened to /dʒ/ from the hard /ɡ/ of his name
1745 Timothy Pickering a politician from Massachusetts who served in a variety of roles, most notably as the third United States Secretary of State, serving in that office from 1795 to 1800 under Presidents George Washington and John Adams.
1745 Daniel Coke an English barrister and member of parliament.
1755 Johann Christoph Wendland a German botanist and gardener born in Petit-Landau, Alsace.
1763 John Jacob Astor a German-born American businessman, merchant, fur trader, and investor who was the first prominent member of the Astor family and the first multi-millionaire in the United States. He was the creator of the first trust in America. He emigrated to England as a teenager and worked as a musical instrument manufacturer
1766 Joaquín Camacho now Colombia, and participated in the Open Cabildo which declared the Act of Independence, of which he was also a signer. He was executed during the Reign of Terror of Pablo Morillo after the Spanish invasion of New Granada
1769 Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau a German naturalist and explorer, physician, draftsman and engraver. He was a member of the Order of Vladimir and of the Legion of Honour
1774 John Wilbur (Quaker minister) a prominent American Quaker minister and religious thinker who was at the forefront of a controversy that led to "the second split" in the Religious Society of Friends in the United States.
1784 Andrew Crosse a British amateur scientist who was born and died at Fyne Court, Broomfield, Somerset. Crosse was an early pioneer and experimenter in the use of electricity, and one of the last of the "gentlemen scientists". He became widely known after press reports of an electrocrystallization experiment he conducted in 1836, during which insects "appeared"
1787 Friedrich Krupp now subsumed into ThyssenKrupp AG.
1790 Ivan Petrovich Liprandi a Russian major general, historian and chief of the secret police.
1794 Gavriil Antonovich Katakazi a Russian diplomat and privy councillor, also notable as the father of Konstantin Katakazi, Russian ambassador to the United States.
1794 Gerhardt Wilhelm von Reutern a Baltic-German military officer and painter who co-founded the Artists' Colony at Willingshausen.
1797 Paul Delaroche a French painter. He was trained by Antoine-Jean, Baron Gros, who was painting life-size historical subjects and had many students
1803 Johann Samuel Eduard d'Alton a German anatomist born in Sankt Goar. He was the son of engraver Eduard Joseph d'Alton
1804 Carl Ferdinand Becker a German writer on music, and an organist.
1806 Count Johann Bernhard von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen an Austrian statesman.
1814 Amanz Gressly a Swiss geologist and paleontologist. He introduced the use of the term facies in geology, he is considered one of the founders of modern stratigraphy and paleoecology
1817 Ignace Leybach a teacher, pianist and organist, and a composer of salon piano music.
1823 Leander Clark an American businessman, Iowa state legislator, Union Army officer during the Civil War, and Indian agent who was the namesake for Leander Clark College.
1827 Frederick Abel an English chemist.
1828 Quido Mánes a Czech painter who specialized in genre scenes.
1828 Vasily Engelhardt a Russian astronomer and public figure.
1831 Xianfeng Emperor the ninth Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1850 to 1861.
1832 August Söderman has traditionally been seen as the pre-eminent Swedish composer of the Romantic generation, known especially for his lieder and choral works, based on folk material, and for his theatre music, such as the incidental music to Ludvig Josephson's Marsk Stigs döttrar , 1866, or his Svenskt festspel.
1833 Luigi Agnesi a Belgian operatic bass-baritone, conductor and composer.
1837 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau a French Canadian politician, who served in the federal Cabinet and also as Premier of Quebec.
1837 Juljan Oktawjan Zacharjewicz a Polish architect and renovator, father of Alfred Zachariewicz. He was born in Lemberg, Austrian Empire to a Polish family. Zachariewicz was a graduate of the Royal Polytechnic Institute in Vienna, and a professor and rector of the Lemberg Polytechnic. He designed, among others, the railway station in Jassi and the building of the Lemberg Polytechnic. He died in Lemberg and was interred at the Lychakiv Cemetery
1837 Wilhelm Lexis an eminent German statistician, economist, and social scientist, and a founder of the interdisciplinary study of insurance.
1839 Ephraim Shay designed the first Shay locomotive and patented the type.
1840 Édouard André a French horticulturalist, landscape designer, as well as a leading landscape architect of the late 19th century, famous for designing city parks and public spaces of Monte Carlo and Montevideo.
1842 William John Courthope an English writer and historian of poetry, whose father was rector of South Malling, Sussex.
1843 Julio Argentino Roca an army general who served as President of Argentina from 12 October 1880 to 12 October 1886 and again from 12 October 1898 to 12 October 1904.
1845 Hugo Treffner the founder and first director of the Hugo Treffner Gymnasium in Tartu, and an important figure in the Estonian national awakening.
1846 Tokugawa Iemochi the 14th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, who held office from 1858 to 1866. During his reign there was much internal turmoil as a result of Japan's first major contact with the United States, which occurred under Commodore Perry in 1853 and 1854, and of the subsequent "re-opening" of Japan to western nations. Iemochi's reign also saw a weakening of the shogunate
1846 Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay a Russian explorer, ethnologist, anthropologist and biologist who became famous as the first scientist to settle among and study people who had never seen a white man.
1853 Alexius Meinong an Austrian philosopher, a realist known for his unique ontology. He also made contributions to philosophy of mind and theory of value
1858 Ye Wanyong a pro-Japanese minister of Korea, who signed the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty, which placed Korea under Japanese rule in 1910.
1859 Curtis Gates Lloyd an American mycologist known for both his research on the Gasteromycetes, as well as his controversial views on naming conventions in taxonomy. He had a herbarium with over 59,000 fungal specimens, and published over a thousand new species of fungi. Along with his two brothers John Uri Lloyd and Nelson Ashley Lloyd, he founded the Lloyd Library and Museum in Cincinnati
1860 Nikolai Dahl a Russian physician. He graduated from the Moscow University in 1887, and studied in France with Charcot, who initiated a therapy by hypnotizing his patients. Dahl had a private practice in Moscow. His speciality was in the fields of neurology, psychiatry and psychology. Dahl was interested in music and he was a competent amateur viola player, not cellist as previously stated