July 18 events in history

362 Roman–Persian Wars: Emperor Julian arrives at Antioch with a Roman expeditionary force (60,000 men) and stays there for nine months to launch a campaign against the Persian Empire
645 Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War
1290 King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B'Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities
1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone
1342 Mu'izz al-Din Husayn defeats the Sarbadars in the Battle of Zava
1389 France and England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13-year peace, the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years' War
1391 Tokhtamysh–Timur war: Battle of the Kondurcha River – Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia
1555 The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain
1812 The Treaties of Orebro ends both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars
1841 Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, on 18 July
1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
1862 First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps
1863 American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner – one of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner
1870 The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility
1914 The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time
1925 Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf
1936 An army uprising in Spanish Morocco starts Spanish Civil War
1942 World War II: the Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me 262 using its jet engines for the first time
1944 World War II: Hideki Tōjō resigns as Prime Minister of Japan because of numerous setbacks in the war effort
1966 Australian children's television series Play School airs for the first time, going on to become the longest-running children's show in Australia, and the second longest running children's show in the world
1966 Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle
1968 Intel is founded in Mountain View, California
1969 After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies
1976 Nadia Comăneci became the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics
1982 Two hundred sixty-eight campesinos ("peasants" or "country people") are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre in Ríos Montt's Guatemala
1984 McDonald's massacre in San Ysidro, California: in a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police
1986 A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station's helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter
1992 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima
1994 The bombing of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentine Jewish Community Center) in Buenos Aires kills 85 people (mostly Jewish) and injures 300
1994 Rwandan Genocide: The Rwandan Patriotic Front takes control of Gisenyi and north western Rwanda, forcing the interim government into Zaire and ending the genocide
1995 On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufrière Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee
1996 Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebec's costliest natural disasters ever: the Saguenay Flood
1996 Battle of Mullaitivu: the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam capture the Sri Lanka Army's base, killing over 1200 soldiers
2012 At least seven people are killed and 32 others are injured after a bomb explodes on an Israeli tour bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria
2013 The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history