Born on July 23

1301 Otto Duke of Austria a Duke of Austria and the youngest son of Albert I of Germany and Elisabeth of Tirol.
1339 Louis I Duke of Anjou the second son of John II of France and the founder of the Angevin branch of the French royal house. Bonne of Bohemia gave birth to him at the Château de Vincennes. His father appointed him Count of Anjou and Count of Maine in 1356, and then raised him to the title Duke of Anjou in 1360 and Duke of Touraine in 1370
1401 Francesco I Sforza an Italian condottiero, the founder of the Sforza dynasty in Milan, Italy. He was the brother of Alessandro, with whom he often fought
1503 Anne of Bohemia and Hungary sometimes known as Anna Jagellonica, Queen of the Romans , Bohemia and Hungary as the wife of King Ferdinand I, later Holy Roman Emperor.
1649 Pope Clement XI Pope from 23 November 1700 to his death in 1721.
1656 Guru Har Krishan the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. After his death, his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs
1705 Francis Blomefield an English antiquary, who projected a county history of Norfolk. During his lifetime, he compiled and published detailed accounts of the city of Norwich, Borough of Thetford and the southern hundreds of the county, but died before the whole work could be completed
1752 Marc-Auguste Pictet a physicist, chemist, meteorologist and astronomer from Geneva, Switzerland.
1769 Alexey Nikolayevich Titov a Russian composer and violinist.
1773 Thomas Brisbane Governor of New South Wales , as recommended by the Duke of Wellington, with whom he had seen military service.
1775 Étienne-Louis Malus a French officer, engineer, physicist, and mathematician.
1777 Philipp Otto Runge a Romantic German painter and draughtsman. He made a late start to his career and died young, nonetheless he is considered among the best German Romantic painters
1781 William John Burchell an English explorer, naturalist, traveller, artist and author. He was the son of Matthew Burchell, botanist and owner of Fulham Nursery, nine and a half acres of land adjacent to the gardens of Fulham Palace. Burchell served a botanical apprenticeship at Kew and was elected F.L.S. in 1803. At about this time, he became enamoured of a Miss Lucia Green of Fulham, but faced strong disapproval from his parents when he broached the idea of an engagement
1781 Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a German princess of the ducal house of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld who became the wife of Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia.
1784 Bagyidaw the seventh king of Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1819 until his abdication in 1837. Prince of Sagaing, as he was commonly known in his day, was selected as crown prince by his grandfather King Bodawpaya in 1808, and became king in 1819 after Bodawpaya's death. Bagyidaw moved the capital from Amarapura back to Ava in 1823
1785 Francisco Antonio Pinto a Chilean political figure. He was twice President of Chile between 1827 and 1829
1788 Prideaux John Selby an English ornithologist, botanist and natural history artist.
1792 Pyotr Vyazemsky a leading personality of the Golden Age of Russian poetry.
1796 Franz Berwald a Swedish Romantic composer who was generally ignored during his lifetime. He made his living as an orthopedic surgeon and later as the manager of a saw mill and glass factory
1804 Jane Irwin Harrison wife of William Henry Harrison, Jr., and daughter-in-law of William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United States. Her grandfather was James Ramsey, who owned Millmont Farm at Montgomery Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania
1806 Eduard Marxsen a German pianist, composer and teacher.
1806 Félix Arvers a French poet and dramatist, most famous for his poem Un secret.
1815 Étienne Fiacre Louis Raoul a French naval surgeon and naturalist.
1822 Darius N. Couch an American soldier, businessman, and naturalist. He served as a career U.S. Army officer during the Mexican-American War, the Second Seminole War, and as a general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War
1823 Coventry Patmore an English poet and critic best known for The Angel in the House, his narrative poem about an ideal happy marriage.
1823 Alexandre-Antonin Taché a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, missionary of the Oblate order, author and the first Archbishop of Saint Boniface in the Canadian province of Manitoba.
1824 Kuno Fischer a German philosopher, a historian of philosophy and a critic.
1827 Otto Ribbeck a German classical scholar. His works are mostly confined to criticisms of Latin poetry and to classical character sketches
1828 Jonathan Hutchinson an English surgeon, ophthalmologist, dermatologist, venereologist and pathologist.
1832 Adolf Pollitzer a Hungarian Jewish violinist.
1833 Spencer Cavendish 8th Duke of Devonshire a British statesman. He has the distinction of having served as leader of three political parties. He also declined to become Prime Minister on three occasions, not because he was not a serious politician but because the circumstances were never right
1834 James Gibbons an American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Richmond from 1872 to 1877, and as ninth Archbishop of Baltimore from 1877 until his death in 1921. Gibbons was elevated to the cardinalate in 1886, the second American to receive that distinction, after John McCloskey
1838 Édouard Colonne a French conductor and violinist, who was a champion of the music of Berlioz and other eminent 19th-century composers.
1842 Henryk Jordan a Polish philanthropist, physician and pioneer of physical education in Poland. A professor of obstetrics from 1895 at Kraków's Jagiellonian University, Jordan became best known for organizing children’s playgrounds, called "Jordan’s Gardens" after him
1845 Hermann Fol a Swiss zoologist and the father of modern cytology.
1849 Géza Zichy a Hungarian composer and was also renowned as the world's first professional one-armed pianist. Zichy also published an autobiography and some poetry
1850 Daniel Elmer Salmon a veterinary surgeon. He earned the first D.V.M. degree awarded in the United States, and spent his career studying animal diseases for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He gave his name to the Salmonella genus of bacteria, which were discovered by an assistant, and named in his honor
1851 Peder Severin Krøyer known as S. Krøyer, was a Danish painter. He is one of the best known and beloved, and undeniably the most colorful of the Skagen Painters, a community of Danish and Nordic artists who lived, gathered or worked in Skagen, Denmark, especially during the final decades of the 19th century. Krøyer was the unofficial leader of the group
1854 Birt Acres a photographer and film pioneer.
1856 Arthur Bird an American composer, for many years resident in Germany. Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, he studied in Europe and spent a year at Weimar with Franz Liszt. He composed a symphony, Karnevalszene; three orchestral suites; some works for wind instruments alone; some music for the ballet; a comic opera; and some chamber music. Bird died in Berlin in 1923
1856 Bal Gangadhar Tilak an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist. He was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities called him "Father of the Indian unrest." He was also conferred with the honorary title of "Lokmanya", which literally means "accepted by the people "
1861 Nahan Franko an American violinist, conductor and concert promoter. His brother was violinist and conductor Sam Franko
1864 Apolinario Mabini a Filipino revolutionary leader, educator, lawyer, and statesman who served as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines, serving first under the Revolutionary Government, and then under the First Philippine Republic.
1865 Edward Terry Sanford an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1923 until his death in 1930. Prior to his nomination to the high court, Sanford served as an Assistant Attorney General under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1905 to 1907, and as a federal district court judge from 1908 to 1923. Sanford is typically viewed as a conservative justice, favoring strict adherence to antitrust laws, and often voted with his mentor, Chief Justice William Howard Taft
1866 Francesco Cilea an Italian composer. Today he is particularly known for his operas L'arlesiana and Adriana Lecouvreur
1871 Alpheus Hyatt Verrill an American zoologist, explorer, inventor, illustrator and author. He was the son of Addison Emery Verrill , the first professor of zoology at Yale University
1871 Ovide Decroly a Belgian teacher and psychologist.
1872 Edward Adrian Wilson an English physician, polar explorer, natural historian, painter and ornithologist.
1874 Orrin Upshaw an American tug of war athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
1877 Alessandro Pirzio Biroli an Italian fencer and army General.