Died on July 24

759 Oswulf of Northumbria king of Northumbria from 758 to 759. He succeeded his father Eadberht, who had abdicated and joined the monastery at York. Oswulf's uncle was Ecgbert, Archbishop of York
1115 Matilda of Tuscany an Italian noblewoman, the principal Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the Investiture Controversy. She is one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments. She is sometimes called la Gran Contessa or Matilda of Canossa after her ancestral castle of Canossa
1129 Emperor Shirakawa the 72nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1240 Konrad von Thüringen the fifth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1239 to 1240. A Landgrave of Thuringia from 1231 to 1234, he was the first major noble to join the military order
1292 Kinga of Poland a saint in the Catholic Church and patroness of Poland and Lithuania.
1568 Carlos Prince of Asturias the eldest son and heir-apparent of King Philip II of Spain. His mother was Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. Carlos was mentally unstable and was imprisoned by his father in early 1568, dying after half a year of solitary confinement. His fate was a theme in Spain's Black Legend, and inspired a play by Friedrich Schiller and an opera by Giuseppe Verdi
1594 John Boste a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, and one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
1605 Oda Hidenobu the son of Oda Nobutada and lived during the Azuchi-Momoyama period in the late-16th century. His other name was Sanpōshi
1619 Nabeshima Naoshige daimyo of Hizen from 1538 to 1618.
1655 Friedrich von Logau a German poet and epigrammatist of the Baroque era.
1739 Benedetto Marcello an Italian composer, writer, advocate, magistrate, and teacher.
1752 Michael Christian Festing an English violinist and composer. His reputation lies mostly on his work as a violin virtuoso
1755 Elisha Williams a Congregational minister, legislator, miltia soldier, jurist, and rector of Yale College from 1726 to 1739.
1756 George Vertue an English engraver and antiquary, whose notebooks on British art of the first half of the 18th century are a valuable source for the period.
1759 Antoine Gaubil French Jesuit missionary to China.
1768 Nathaniel Lardner an English theologian.
1791 Ignaz von Born a mineralogist and metallurgist. He was a prominent Free Mason, head of Vienna's Illuminati lodge and an influential anti-clerical writer. He was the leading scientist in the Holy Roman Empire during the 1770s in the age of Enlightenment
1809 Johann Gottfried Eckard a German pianist and composer.
1812 Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse a French admiral.
1812 Joseph Schuster (composer) a German composer.
1812 Jean-Marie Dorsenne a French military commander of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He eventually became one of the senior commanders in the Imperial Guard
1817 Karađorđe Petrović OSA , known as Karađorđe , founded modern Serbia as the elected leader of the First Serbian Uprising that aimed at liberating Serbia from the Ottoman Empire ; he personally led armies against the Ottomans in several battles, which resulted in a short-lived state which he would administer as Grand Leader from 14 February 1804 to 21 September 1813, alongside the newly founded People's Assembly and the Governing Council, simulating a wholly functional state government in war-time.
1831 Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1788–1831) a Cardinal, an Archbishop of Olmütz, and a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
1833 Anastasio Aquino a Salvadoran indigenous leader who led the Insurrection of the Nonualcos, a campesino uprising in El Salvador during the time it belonged to the Federal Republic of Central America.
1837 Ivan Zhevakhov a Russian general of Georgian noble descent and a participant of the Napoleonic Wars.
1838 Frédéric Cuvier a French zoologist. He was the younger brother of noted naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier
1842 John Sell Cotman an English marine and landscape painter, etcher, illustrator and author, a leading member of the Norwich school of artists.
1846 Joseph Leopold Eybler an Austrian composer and contemporary of Mozart.
1848 Andrey Ivanovich Ivanov a Russian painter in the Neo-Classical style who specialized in historical scenes.
1859 Thomas Horsfield an American physician and naturalist who worked extensively in Indonesia, describing numerous species of plants and animals from the region. He was later a curator of the East India Company Museum in London
1862 Martin Van Buren the eighth President of the United States. Before his presidency, he was the eighth Vice President and the tenth secretary of state , both under Andrew Jackson
1863 Padre Davide da Bergamo an Italian monk, famed for his skills as an organist and composer.
1870 Pierre Dupont born in Lyon.
1875 Athanase Josué Coquerel a French Protestant theologian.
1876 Johann Löwenthal a professional chess master.
1883 Matthew Webb the first recorded person to swim the English Channel without the use of artificial aids. On 25 August 1875, he swam from Dover to Calais in less than 22 hours
1891 Hermann Raster a German American Forty-Eighter, best known for his career as chief editor for the Illinois Staats-Zeitung between 1867 and 1891 and his brief term as Collector of Internal Revenue for the 1st District of Illinois.
1897 Lafayette McLaws a United States Army officer and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He served at Antietam and Fredericksburg, where Robert Lee praised his defense of Marye's Heights, and at Gettysburg, where his division made successful assaults through the Peach Orchard and Wheatfield, but was unable to dislodge Union forces from Cemetery Ridge. After the Knoxville Campaign, he was court-martialed for inefficiency, though this was overturned for procedural reasons. Finally he was sent to his native Georgia to resist Sherman's March to the Sea, but had to retreat through the Carolinas, losing many men through desertion, and is presumed to have surrendered with Joseph Johnston in April 1865
1903 J. H. Hobart Ward John Henry Hobart Ward , most commonly referred to as J.H. Hobart Ward, was a career United States Army soldier who fought in the Mexican–American War and served in the New York state militia. He also served as a Union general during the American Civil War
1903 Petko Karavelov a leading Bulgarian liberal politician who served as Prime Minister on four occasions.
1906 Ferdinand von Saar an Austrian novelist, playwright and poet.
1908 Vicente Acosta a Salvadoran poet.
1908 Walter Leistikow a German artist, painter, etcher and writer from Bromberg in the Prussian Province of Posen.
1910 Arkhip Kuindzhi a Russian landscape painter of Greek origin.
1916 Emmanouil Manousogiannakis a senior Greek Army officer who distinguished himself in the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913.
1920 Ludwig Ganghofer a German writer who became famous for his homeland novels.
1921 Fyodor Sergeyev a Russian revolutionary, Soviet politician, agitator, and journalist. He was a close friend of Sergei Kirov and Joseph Stalin. Sergeyev was an ideologist of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic
1921 Valerian Abakovsky best remembered as the inventor of the Aerowagon.
1921 C. I. Scofield an American theologian, minister, and writer whose best-selling annotated Bible popularized futurism and dispensationalism among fundamentalist Christians.
1922 Saint George Ashe a British rower who competed in Rowing at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris winning the bronze medal in the single sculls, and won the Wingfield Sculls in 1904.