July 26 events in history

657 First Fitna: in the Battle of Siffin, troops led by Ali ibn Abu Talib clash with those led by Muawiyah I
811 Battle of Pliska: Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros I I is killed and his heir Staurakios is seriously wounded
920 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona
1309 Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V
1469 Wars of the Roses: the Battle of Edgecote Moor, pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of Edward IV of England, takes place
1509 The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya ascends to the throne, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire
1581 Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration): the northern Low Countries declare their independence from the Spanish king, Philip II
1745 The first recorded women's cricket match takes place near Guildford, England
1758 French and Indian War: the Siege of Louisbourg ends with British forces defeating the French and taking control of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence
1775 The office that would later become the United States Post Office Department is established by the Second Continental Congress
1788 New York ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the 11th state of the United States
1803 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London, United Kingdom
1822 First day of the three-day Battle of Dervenakia, between the Ottoman Empire force led by Mahmud Dramali Pasha and the Greek Revolutionary force led by Theodoros Kolokotronis
1822 José de San Martín arrives in Guayaquil, Ecuador, to meet with Simón Bolívar
1847 Liberia declares its independence
1861 American Civil War: George B. McClellan assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following a disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run
1863 American Civil War: Morgan's Raid ends; At Salineville, Ohio, Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and 360 of his volunteers are captured by Union forces
1882 The Republic of Stellaland is founded in Southern Africa
1882 Premiere of Richard Wagner's opera Parsifal at Bayreuth
1887 Publication of the Unua Libro, founding the Esperanto movement
1890 In Buenos Aires, Argentina the Revolución del Parque takes place, forcing President Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman's resignation
1891 France annexes Tahiti
1897 Anglo-Afghan War: The Pashtun fakir Saidullah leads an army of more than 10,000 to begin a siege of the British garrison in the Malakand Agency of the North West Frontier Province of India
1908 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)
1914 Serbia and Bulgaria interrupt diplomatic relationship
1936 King Edward VIII, in one of his few official duties before he abdicates the thrоne, officially unveils the Canadian National Vimy Memorial
1936 The Axis powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War
1937 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War
1941 World War II: in response to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States
1944 World War II: the Soviet Army enters Lviv, a major city in western Ukraine, capturing it from the Nazis. Only 300 Jews survive out of 160,000 living in Lviv prior to occupation
1944 The first German V-2 rocket hits the United Kingdom
1945 The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide, removing Winston Churchill from power
1945 HMS Vestal is the last British Royal Navy ship to be sunk in the Second World War
1945 The US Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis arrives at Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb
1945 The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany
1946 Aloha Airlines begins service from Honolulu International Airport
1947 Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into United States law creating the Central Intelligence Agency, United States Department of Defense, United States Air Force, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the United States National Security Council
1948 U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order 9981 desegregating the military of the United States
1951 Walt Disney's 13th animated film, Alice in Wonderland, premieres in London, England, United Kingdom
1952 King Farouk of Egypt abdicates in favor of his son Fuad
1953 Soldiers from the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment repel a number of Chinese assaults against a key position known as The Hook during the Battle of the Samichon River, just hours before the Armistice Agreement is signed, ending the Korean War
1953 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek raid
1953 Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, thus beginning the Cuban Revolution. The movement took the name of the date: 26th of July Movement
1956 Following the World Bank's refusal to fund building the Aswan Dam, Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal, sparking international condemnation
1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated
1958 Explorer program: Explorer 4 is launched
1963 The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development votes to admit Japan
1963 Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous satellite, is launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta B booster
1963 An earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia (now in Macedonia) leaves 1,100 dead
1965 Full independence is granted to the Maldives