Born on July 28

1094 William Bertrand of Provence the count and margrave of Provence from 1051 to his death. He succeeded his father Fulk Bertrand on his death in that year, but did not receive the margravial title at first, for its went to his uncle Josfred
1285 Keran Queen of Armenia the wife of Leo II of Armenia. She was the daughter of Prince Hethum of Lampron. Born Anna, she was called Kir Anna beginning in 1270. This name was later shortened to Keran, or Guerane
1347 Margaret of Durazzo Queen of Naples and Hungary and Princess of Achaea as the spouse of Charles III of Naples, and later regent of Naples during the minority of her son.
1458 Jacopo Sannazaro an Italian poet, humanist and epigrammist from Naples.
1516 William Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. William was born in and died in Düsseldorf. He was the only son of John III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, and Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Berg. William took over rule of his father's estates upon his death in 1539. Despite his mother having lived until 1543, William also became the Duke of Berg and Jülich and the Count of Ravenstein
1609 Judith Leyster a Dutch Golden Age painter. Leyster painted genre works, a few portraits, and still lifes. The number of surviving works attributed to her varies between fewer than 20 and about 35
1635 Robert Hooke an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
1643 Antonio Tarsia (composer) an Italian composer.
1645 Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, and yearning for France, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and falsely suspected of attempting to poison her. Marguerite Louise reconciled with the Medici on more than one occasion, however, only to promptly resume hostilities
1659 Charles Ancillon a French jurist and diplomat.
1676 Frederick II Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1745 Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen a Russian courtier who played a pivotal role in the assassination of Emperor Paul. He became a general in 1798, a count in 1799, and was the Military Governor of Petersburg from 1798 to 1801
1746 Thomas Heyward Jr. a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and of the Articles of Confederation as a representative of South Carolina.
1750 Fabre d'Églantine a French actor, dramatist, poet, and politician of the French Revolution.
1754 Abraham Niclas Edelcrantz a Finnish born Swedish poet and inventor. He was a member of the Swedish Academy, chair 2, from 1786 to 1821
1760 Claude Carra Saint-Cyr For the French milliner, see Claude Saint-Cyr.
1767 James A. Bayard (elder) an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware and U.S. Senator from Delaware
1769 Hudson Lowe best known for his time as Governor of St Helena where he was the "gaoler" of Napoleon Bonaparte.
1777 William II Elector of Hesse the penultimate Elector of Hesse.
1787 Pedro Vélez a Mexican politician and lawyer. He was also head of the Governing Board of Mexico in 1829
1792 Liborio Mejía a Colombian colonel and politician during the struggle for Independence from Spain, and in 1816 Liborio Mejía became president of the United Provinces of the New Granada making him the youngest person to ever hold the presidency of Colombia at the age of 24. He was executed three months later during the Reconquista led by the Spaniard Pablo Morillo
1796 Ignaz Bösendorfer an Austrian musician and piano manufacturer, who in 1828 founded the Bösendorfer company in Vienna-Josefstadt.
1800 Frédérick Lemaître a French actor and playwright, one of the most famous players on the celebrated Boulevard du Crime.
1802 Winthrop Mackworth Praed an English politician and poet.
1804 Ludwig Feuerbach about the German philosopher.
1807 Eduard Hau a Baltic German painter and graphic artist.
1808 Dmitry Glinka a Russian diplomat, privy councillor in deed, and sociologist.
1812 Józef Ignacy Kraszewski a Polish writer, historian and journalist who produced more than 200 novels and 150 novellas, short stories, and art reviews. He is best known for his epic series on the history of Poland, comprising twenty-nine novels in seventy-nine parts
1813 Alberto Mazzucato an Italian composer, music teacher, and writer.
1826 Carl Zerrahn a German-born American flautist and conductor. His widespread activity in the region made him an influential figure in New England and Boston classical music, especially choral music, in the latter half of the 19th century. He was especially successful in the presentation of the great oratorios and the management of large choruses
1828 Iosif Gurko a Russian field marshal prominent during the Russo-Turkish War.
1828 Adolf Berge an Imperial Russian bureaucrat and an Orientalist, with principal interests in the history and culture of the South Caucasus.
1830 Adèle Hugo the fifth and youngest child of French writer Victor Hugo. She is remembered for developing schizophrenia as a young woman, which led to a romantic obsession with a British military officer who rejected her. Her story has been retold in film and books
1833 James Henry Lane (Confederate general) a university professor and Confederate general in the American Civil War.
1840 Edward Drinker Cope an American paleontologist and comparative anatomist, as well as a noted herpetologist and ichthyologist. He was a founder of the Neo-Lamarckism school of thought. Born to a wealthy Quaker family, Cope distinguished himself as a child prodigy interested in science; he published his first scientific paper at the age of 19. Though his father tried to raise Cope as a gentleman farmer, he eventually acquiesced to his son's scientific aspirations. Cope married his cousin and had one child; the family moved from Philadelphia to Haddonfield, New Jersey, although Cope would maintain a residence and museum in Philadelphia in his later years
1842 John Baldwin Neil an American military officer and politician who served as Governor of Idaho Territory from 1880 to 1883.
1843 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer a leading British botanist, and the third director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
1844 Vincze von Borbás a Hungarian botanist. He was born in Ipoly-Litke, Hungary, and died in Kolozsvár
1844 Gerard Manley Hopkins an English poet, Roman Catholic convert, and Jesuit priest, whose posthumous fame established him among the leading Victorian poets. His experimental explorations in prosody and his use of imagery established him as a daring innovator in a period of largely traditional verse
1845 Émile Boutroux an eminent 19th century French philosopher of science and religion, and an historian of philosophy. He was a firm opponent of materialism in science. He was a spiritual philosopher who defended the idea that religion and science are compatible at a time when the power of science was rising inexorably. His work is overshadowed in the English-speaking world by that of the more celebrated Henri Bergson. He was elected membership of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1898 and in 1912 to the Académie française
1850 Princess Theresa of Liechtenstein a Princess of Liechtenstein and of Bavaria. She was the daughter of Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein and his wife, Franziska Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau
1851 Samuel Sachs an American investment banker. He was born in the state of Maryland to Jewish immigrants from Bavaria, Germany. Sachs, along with his longtime friend Philip Lehman of Lehman Brothers, pioneered the issuing of stock as a way for new companies to raise funds. He married Louisa Goldman, the youngest daughter of close friends and fellow Bavarian immigrants. Sachs then joined his father-in-law Marcus Goldman's firm which prompted the name change to Goldman Sachs in 1904. Together they underwrote securities offerings for such large firms as Sears, Roebuck and Company. During this time Goldman Sachs also diversified to become involved in other major securities markets, like the over-the-counter, bond, and convertibles markets which are still a big part of the company's revenue today. Sachs retired in 1928 and died in 1935
1851 Theodor Lipps a German philosopher. Lipps was one of the most influential German university professors of his time, attracting many students from other countries. Lipps was very concerned with conceptions of art and the aesthetic, focusing much of his philosophy around such issues. Among his fervent admirers was Sigmund Freud, Lipps then being the main supporter of the idea of the Unconscious. He thought that each state had its level of consciousness and that laughter was associated with hidden negative aspects. He adopted Robert Vischer's notions of empathy or esthetic sympathy. Late in life, Lipps adopted some ideas from Husserl. Disliking his psychologism, some of his students joined with some of Husserl's to form a new branch of philosophy called Phenomenology of essences
1852 Princess Ida of Schaumburg-Lippe the consort of Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1872 until her death. She was the mother of Hermine Reuss of Greiz, second wife of Wilhelm II, the last German Emperor
1854 Guillermo Tell Villegas Pulido a Venezuelan lawyer, journalist and politician. Acting president of Venezuela in 1892, during the crisis of the Revolución Legalista , led by Joaquín Crespo
1857 Ballington Booth an Officer in The Salvation Army and a co-founder of Volunteers of America.
1859 Mary Anderson (actress born 1859) an American stage actress. She was also billed as Mary Navarro during her silent film career
1860 Elias M. Ammons Milton Ammons served as the 19th Governor of Colorado from 1913 to 1915. Born in 1860 in Macon County, North Carolina, he is perhaps best remembered for ordering National Guard troops into Ludlow, Colorado during the Ludlow Massacre. He was also instrumental in starting the National Western Stock Show, which is still active. His son Teller Ammons was also governor of Colorado. He died in Denver, Colorado in 1925 and was buried in Fairmount Cemetery in Denver
1860 Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia a daughter of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
1863 Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski a Russian Cavalry General of Azerbaijani origin. He was the only Muslim to serve as General-Adjutant of the I. Retinue