Died on July 3

458 Anatolius of Constantinople Patriarch of Constantinople.
710 Emperor Zhongzong of Tang the fourth Emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, ruling briefly in 684 and again from 705 to 710.
1035 Robert I Duke of Normandy the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert He was the father of William the Conqueror who became in 1066 King of England and founded the House of Normandy
1090 Egbert II Margrave of Meissen Count of Brunswick and Margrave of Meissen. He was the eldest son of the Margrave Egbert I of the Brunonen family
1312 Marino Zorzi the 50th doge of the Republic of Venice, from August 23, 1311 to his death. He was married to Agneta Querini. Considered to have been a devout man, he had served as an ambassador to Rome. He may have been elected to decrease tensions in the city caused by the attempted revolt of Bajamonte Tiepolo as well as tensions with Rome, still angry with Venice over her occupation of the city of Ferrara
1431 Violant of Bar queen of the medieval Iberian kingdom of Aragon.
1503 Pierre d'Aubusson a Grand Master of the order of John of Jerusalem and a zealous opponent of the Ottoman Empire.
1570 Aonio Paleario an Italian humanist and reformer.
1582 James Crichton a Scottish polymath noted for his extraordinary accomplishments in languages, the arts, and sciences before he was killed at the age of 21.
1640 Giuseppe Cesari an Italian Mannerist painter, also named Il Giuseppino and called Cavaliere d'Arpino, because he was created Cavaliere di Cristo by his patron Pope Clement VIII. He was much patronized in Rome by both Clement and Sixtus He was the chief of the studio in which Caravaggio trained upon the younger painter's arrival in Rome
1642 Marie de' Medici Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She herself was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici. Following the assassination of her husband in 1610, which occurred the day after her coronation, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until he came of age. She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage
1662 Pierre Chanut a civil servant in the Auvergne, a French ambassador and state counsellor.
1672 Francis Willughby an English ornithologist and ichthyologist. He was a student, friend and colleague of the naturalist John Ray at Cambridge University, and shared some of his expeditions and interests. Ray saw Willughby's Ornithologia libri tres through the press after Willughby's sudden death
1720 Avtonom Golovin a Russian military leader and one of the associates of Peter the Great.
1722 Ivan Skoropadsky a Hetman of Zaporizhian Host, and the successor to the famous Hetman Ivan Mazepa.
1726 Anikita Repnin a prominent Russian general during the Great Northern War who superintended the taking of Riga in 1710 and served as the Governor of Livland from 1719 until his death.
1726 Galeazzo Marescotti an Italian cardinal.
1741 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine born a Princess of Lorraine and was the last queen consort of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia. The sister of Francis Stephan, Duke of Lorraine, she died as a result of giving birth to Benedetto of Savoy
1746 Joseph-François Lafitau a French Jesuit missionary, ethnologist, and naturalist. He is best known for his use of the comparative method in the field of scientific anthropology, the discovery of ginseng, and his writings on the Iroquois. Lafitau was the first of the Jesuit missionaries in Canada to have a scientific point of view. Francis Parkman praises Lafitau, stating, “none of the old writers are so satisfactory as Lafitau.”
1749 William Jones (mathematician) a Welsh mathematician, most noted for his proposal for the use of the symbol π to represent the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. He was a close friend of Sir Isaac Newton and Sir Edmund Halley. In November, 1711 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society, and was later its Vice-President
1778 Anna Maria Mozart the mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Maria Anna Mozart.
1788 François Jacquier a French Franciscan mathematician and physicist.
1789 Jakob II Bernoulli younger brother of Johann III Bernoulli. Having finished his literary studies, he was, according to custom, sent to Neuchâtel to learn French. On his return, he graduated in law. This study, however, did not check his hereditary taste for geometry. The early lessons which he had received from his father were continued by his uncle Daniel, and such was his progress that at the age of twenty-one he was called to undertake the duties of the chair of experimental physics, which his uncle’s advanced years rendered him unable to discharge. He afterwards accepted the situation of secretary to count de Brenner, which afforded him an opportunity of seeing Germany and Italy. In Italy, he formed a friendship with Lorgna, professor of mathematics at Verona, and one of the founders of the Società Italiana for the encouragement of the sciences. He was also made corresponding member of the royal society of Turin; and, while residing at Venice, he was, through the friendly representation of Nicolaus von Fuss, admitted into the academy of St Petersburg. In 1788, he was named one of its mathematical professors
1790 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle a French mineralogist, considered one of the creators of modern crystallography.
1792 Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German-Prussian field marshal known for his participation in the Seven Years' War. From 1757 to 1762 he led an Anglo-German army in Western Germany which successfully repelled French attempts to occupy Hanover
1795 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny born at Granville, Manche in Normandy.
1795 Antonio de Ulloa a Spanish general, explorer, author, astronomer, colonial administrator and the first Spanish governor of Louisiana.
1809 Joseph Quesnel a French Canadian composer, poet, and playwright. Among his works were two operas, Colas et Colinette and Lucas et Cécile; the former is considered to be the first Canadian opera
1834 Jean-Baptiste de Nompère de Champagny a French admiral and politician.
1863 William Barksdale a lawyer, newspaper editor, U.S. Congressman, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. A staunch secessionist, he was mortally wounded during the Battle of Gettysburg while leading his brigade's attack on Union forces not far from Cemetery Ridge
1863 Little Crow a chief of the Mdewakanton Dakota people. His given name translates as "His Red Nation," but he was known as Little Crow because of his grandfather's name, Čhetáŋ Wakhúwa Máni, which was mistranslated
1863 Isaac E. Avery a planter and an officer in the Confederate States Army. He died at the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. Avery is most remembered for a poignant blood-stained note that he wrote as he lay dying on the slopes of Cemetery Hill at Gettysburg
1863 George Hull Ward a soldier and Union officer in the American Civil War.
1863 Elon J. Farnsworth a Union Army cavalry general in the American Civil War, killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1863 Lewis B. Williams Jr a Confederate Colonel during the American Civil War. He was killed during Pickett's Charge during the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg
1863 Richard B. Garnett a career United States Army officer and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He was killed during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg
1867 Domingo Elías President of Peru for a brief period between June and August 1844.
1871 Carl August Julius Milde a German bryologist and pteridologist born in Breslau.
1874 Franz Bendel a German Bohemian pianist and composer.
1878 François Bazin a well-known French opera composer during the nineteenth century. His works are not widely performed today
1879 Carl Gottlieb Peschel a German painter. He was a member of the Nazarene movement
1888 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu a Vietnamese poet who was known for his nationalist and anti-colonial writings against the French colonization of Cochinchina, the European name for the southern part of Vietnam.
1889 Wilhelm Hasenclever a German politician. He was an originally a tanner by trade, and later became a journalist and author. However, he is most well known for his political work in the predecessors of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
1890 William Kitchen Parker an English physician, zoologist and comparative anatomist. From a humble beginning he became Hunterian Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in the College of Surgeons of England
1891 Lajos Haynald a Hungarian Archbishop of Kalocsa-Bács, naturalist, and Cardinal.
1891 Stefano Golinelli an Italian piano virtuoso and composer. In 1840 he was appointed by Rossini, then an Honorary Councillor of the Liceo Musicale di Bologna, professor for piano at the Liceo, a post he held until 1871. He composed a large number of works for the piano, especially noteworthy 3 Sonatas, and 2 collections of 24 Preludios, 23 and 69. He is buried at the Certosa cemetery in his hometown. At his death, he left his Érard piano to the Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna
1900 Jules Delsart a 19th-century French cellist and teacher. He is best known for his arrangement for cello and piano of César Franck's Violin Sonata in A major. Musicologist Lynda MacGregor described Delsart as "one of the foremost French cellists of the period, with faultless technique, a precise bow and a sweet, though not large, tone." He was the owner of the 1689 'Archinto' Stradivari
1903 Harriet Lane Rebecca Lane Johnston , acted as First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her uncle, lifelong bachelor James Buchanan, from 1857 to 1861. Among the handful of women who have served as first lady while not being married to the president, she is by far the best known
1904 Theodor Herzl an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, political activist, georgist, and writer. He is considered to have been the father of modern political Zionism. Herzl formed the World Zionist Organization and promoted Jewish migration to Israel in an effort to form a Jewish state
1904 Edouard Beaupré a circus and freak show giant, wrestler, strongman, and a star in Barnum and Bailey's circus.