July 3 events in history

324 Battle of Adrianople: Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium
987 Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty that would rule France until the French Revolution in 1792
1035 William the Conqueror becomes the Duke of Normandy, reigns until 1087
1608 Québec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain
1754 French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces
1767 Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded and the first edition is published
1767 Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret
1775 American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts
1778 American Revolutionary War: British forces kill 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre
1819 The Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opens
1839 The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today's Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with three students
1844 The last pair of Great Auks is killed
1848 Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten in the culmination of a year-long plot by enslaved Africans
1849 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification
1852 Congress establishes the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco
1863 American Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett's Charge
1866 Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria
1884 Dow Jones and Company publishes its first stock average
1886 Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen – the first purpose-built automobile
1886 The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand
1890 Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state
1898 Spanish–American War: The Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, is destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba
1913 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors
1938 World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 125.88 miles per hour (202.58 km/h)
1938 United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield
1940 World War II: In order to stop the ships from falling into German hands the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers El Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence and Bretagne. One thousand two hundred sailors perish
1944 World War II: Minsk is liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration
1952 The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the Congress of the United States
1952 The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary
1967 The Aden Emergency: The Battle of the Crater in which the British Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders retake the Crater district following the Arab Police Mutiny
1970 The Troubles: The "Falls Curfew" begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland
1979 U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul
1988 United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard
1988 The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus
1996 Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland
2013 2013 Egyptian coup d'état: President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi is overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi's resignation, to which he didn't respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt Adly Mansour is declared acting president