July 30 in history

July 30 events chronologically

634 Battle of Ajnadayn: Byzantine forces under Theodore are defeated by the Rashidun Caliphate near Beit Shemesh (modern Israel)
762 Baghdad is founded by caliph Al-Mansur
1419 First Defenestration of Prague: a crowd of radical Hussites kill seven members of the Prague city council
1502 Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage
1608 At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years
1619 In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time
1629 An earthquake in Naples, Italy, kills about 10,000 people

Top 7 most famous people born on July 30

1818 Emily Brontë an English novelist and poet, best remembered for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell. She wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell
1863 Henry Ford an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line, he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the twentieth century. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with "Fordism": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently
1947 Arnold Schwarzenegger an Austrian-born American actor, filmmaker, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder, and politician. Schwarzenegger served two terms as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 until 2011
1958 Kate Bush an English singer-songwriter, musician and record producer, who is known for her eclectic musical style and her idiosyncratic soprano vocal performances.
1964 Jürgen Klinsmann a German association football manager and former player who is currently the head coach of the United States national team. As a player, Klinsmann played for several prominent clubs in Europe and was part of the West German team that won the 1990 FIFA World Cup and the unified German team that won the 1996 UEFA European Championship. One of Germany's premier strikers during the 1990s, he scored in all six major international tournaments he participated in, from Euro 1988 to 1998 World Cup. In 1995 he came in third in the FIFA World Player of the Year award; in 2004 he was named in the FIFA 100 list of the "125 Greatest Living Footballers"
1970 Christopher Nolan a British-American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He created several of the most successful films of the early 21st century, and his nine films have grossed over $4 billion worldwide and garnered a total of 21 Oscar nominations and six awards
1974 Hilary Swank an American actress and producer. She has twice won the Academy Award for Best Actress and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2007

Top 7 most famous people died on July 30

1718 William Penn an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Indians. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed
1811 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla a Mexican Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
1898 Otto von Bismarck a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890. In the 1860s he engineered a series of wars that unified the German states into a powerful German Empire under Prussian leadership. With that accomplished by 1871 he skillfully used balance of power diplomacy to preserve German hegemony in a Europe which, despite many disputes and war scares, remained at peace. For historian Eric Hobsbawm, it was Bismarck, who "remained undisputed world champion at the game of multilateral diplomatic chess for almost twenty years after 1871, devoted himself exclusively, and successfully, to maintaining peace between the powers."
1912 Emperor Meiji the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 30, 1912. He presided over a time of rapid change in the Empire of Japan, as the nation quickly changed from a feudal state to a capitalist and imperial world power, characterized by Japan's industrial revolution
1996 Claudette Colbert a French-born American actress, and a leading lady for two decades.
2007 Ingmar Bergman a Swedish director, writer and producer who worked in film, television, and theatre. He is recognized as one of the most accomplished and influential auteurs of all time, and is most famous for films such as The Seventh Seal , Wild Strawberries , Persona , Cries and Whispers , and Fanny and Alexander
2007 Michelangelo Antonioni an Italian film director, screenwriter, editor, and short story writer. Best known for his "trilogy on modernity and its discontents"—L'Avventura , La Notte , and L'Eclisse —Antonioni "redefined the concept of narrative cinema" and challenged traditional approaches to storytelling, realism, drama, and the world at large. He produced "enigmatic and intricate mood pieces" and rejected action in favor of contemplation, focusing on image and design over character and story. His films defined a "cinema of possibilities"