Born on July 30

1470 Hongzhi Emperor emperor of the Ming dynasty in China between 1487 and 1505. Born Zhu Youcheng , he was the son of the Chenghua Emperor and his reign as emperor of China is called the Hongzhi Silver Age. His era name means "Great government." A peace-loving emperor, Hongzhi also had only one empress and no concubines, granting him the distinction of being the sole perpetually monogamous emperor in Chinese history. He was an emperor during the mid-Ming times
1500 Katie Cecil an American television actress and formerly guitarist/vocalist for the teen power pop/rock band KSM.
1511 Giorgio Vasari an Italian painter, architect, writer and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
1549 Ferdinando I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I.
1569 Karl I Prince of Liechtenstein the first Liechtenstein to become the Prince of Liechtenstein, thus he was the founder of the Princely Family of Liechtenstein.
1601 Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt the daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalena von Brandenburg. She was born in Darmstadt, Hesse
1641 Regnier de Graaf a Dutch physician and anatomist who made key discoveries in reproductive biology. His first name is often spelled Reinier or Reynier
1676 Boris Kurakin the third permanent Russian ambassador abroad, succeeding Andrey Matveyev in The Hague and one of the closest associates of Peter the Great. He was also the tsar's brother-in-law, being married to a sister of Eudoxia Lopukhina
1683 Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach Countess of erbach-erbach by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen. From 1724 to 1728, she was Regent of this Thuringian state
1726 Ignacy Jakub Massalski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman.
1751 Maria Anna Mozart a musician, the older sister of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and daughter of Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart.
1757 Dmitry Khvostov a Russian poet, representing the late period of classicism in Russian literature. Count Khvostov, as he was widely known, was an exceedingly prolific author of poems, fables, epigrams, etc., invariably archaic and pompous, making him an easy target for humourists and fellow poets who ridiculed him relentelessly. In modern times much has been done to separate the comical myth from Khvostov's real legacy and give credit to an extraordinary poetry enthusiast , but the stereotype prevails and the name of Count Khvostov remains synonymous in Russia with wanton graphomania and self-important pomposity
1763 Samuel Rogers an English poet, during his lifetime one of the most celebrated, although his fame has long since been eclipsed by his Romantic colleagues and friends Wordsworth, Coleridge and Byron. His recollections of these and other friends such as Charles James Fox are key sources for information about London artistic and literary life, with which he was intimate, and which he used his wealth to support. He made his money as a banker and was also a discriminating art collector
1768 Friedrich August Marschall von Bieberstein an early explorer of the flora and archaeology of the southern portion of Imperial Russia, including the Caucasus and Novorossiya. He complied the first comprehensive flora catalogue of the Crimeo-Caucasian region
1769 Frederick VI Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg reigned as Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1820 until his death in 1829.
1777 Karl von Grolman a Prussian general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
1778 Henry Duke of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania, ruler of the non-sovereign principality of Anhalt-Pless and the last ruler of the duchy of Anhalt-Köthen.
1779 Joseph Bara also written Barra a young French republican drummer boy at the time of the Revolution.
1784 Leopold Schefer born in a small town in Upper Lusatia , only child of a poor country doctor.
1786 Antonio Alessandrini
1794 Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély a Marshal of France, soldier and politician.
1794 Johann Martin Lappenberg a German historian.
1798 Thomas Chilton a U.S. Representative from Kentucky, a prominent Baptist clergyman, and the ghost writer of David Crockett's autobiography
1800 Alexander Veltman one of the most successful Russian prose writers of the 1830s and 1840s, "popular for various modes of Romantic fiction — historical, Gothic, fantastic, and folkloristic". He was one of the pioneers of Russian science fiction
1801 Louis Napoléon Lannes a French diplomat and politician.
1805 Rudolf Wagner a German anatomist and physiologist and the co-discoverer of the germinal vesicle. He made important investigations on ganglia, nerve-endings, and the sympathetic nerves
1809 Charles Chiniquy a Canadian Catholic priest who became a Presbyterian pastor.
1812 Julius Rudolph Theodor Vogel a German botanist.
1815 Karel Javůrek a Czech history painter.
1816 Johan Sverdrup a Norwegian politician from the Liberal Party. He was the first Prime Minister of Norway after the introduction of parliamentarism. Sverdrup was Prime Minister from 1884 to 1889
1818 Emily Brontë an English novelist and poet, best remembered for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell. She wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell
1818 Jan Heemskerk a Dutch politician, who became the prime minister of the Netherlands in 1874 until 1877, and again in 1883, until 1888. His son, Theo Heemskerk was also prime minister, in the period 1908-1913
1825 Chaim Aronson an inventor and memoirist. He was a Lithuanian Jew who lived during the time when Lithuania belonged to Tsarist Russia
1828 Paul Gachet a French physician most famous for treating the painter Vincent van Gogh during his last weeks in Auvers-sur-Oise. Gachet was a great supporter of artists and the Impressionist movement. In fact, he himself was an amateur painter, signing his works "Paul van Ryssel", referring to his birthplace: Gachet came "from" "Ryssel" – the Dutch name of Lille
1833 Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria the younger brother of Franz Joseph I of Austria and the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , whose assassination ignited the start of World War I, and grandfather of the last emperor Charles I.
1837 Elon J. Farnsworth a Union Army cavalry general in the American Civil War, killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1844 Henry Melvill Gwatkin an English theologian and church historian.
1846 László Paál a Hungarian Impressionist landscape painter.
1851 Georgii Stackelberg a cavalry general in the Imperial Russian Army during the late 19th century and early 20th century.
1851 Hugh Singleton an English prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Bishop of Shrewsbury from 1908 to 1934
1852 Ludwig Hoffmann (architect) a German architect and was one of the most famous architects of Berlin.
1853 Julian Fałat one of the most prolific Polish painters of watercolor and one of the country's foremost landscape painters as well as one of the leading Polish impressionists. Fałat first studied under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz at the Kraków School of Fine Arts, and then at the Art Academy of Munich. After several trips throughout Europe and Asia in 1885, Fałat compiled a collection of studies from his voyages which would become useful later in the development of his artwork. Themes typical of Fałat's painting are Polish landscapes, hunting scenes, portraits, and studies from his voyages. In 1886, Fałat accepted an invitation from future German Emperor Wilhelm II to serve as court painter in Berlin
1853 Frederick Bailey Deeming an English-born Australian gasfitter and murderer. He was convicted and executed for the murder of a woman in Melbourne, Australia. He is remembered today because he was suspected by some of being the notorious serial killer, Jack the Ripper
1855 Georg Wilhelm von Siemens a German telecommunications industrialist.
1856 Mediha Sultan an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Abdülmecid I and his wife Gülüstü Kadınefendi, the daughter of Tahir Bey Chachba and Afise Lakerba. She was the sister of Sultan Mehmed VI and the half sister of the Sultans Murad V, Abdul Hamid II and Mehmed V
1857 Lucy Bacon a Californian artist who studied in Paris under the famous Impressionist, Camille Pissarro. She is the only known Californian artist to have studied under any of the great French Impressionists
1857 Thorstein Veblen an American economist and sociologist, and leader of the institutional economics movement. Veblen is credited for the main technical principle employed by institutional economists, known as the Veblenian dichotomy. It is a distinction between what Veblen called "institutions" and "technology". Besides his technical work, Veblen was a popular and witty critic of capitalism, as illustrated by his best-known book The Theory of the Leisure Class
1859 Henry Simpson Lunn an English humanitarian and religious figure, and also founder of Lunn Poly, one of the UK's largest travel companies.
1862 Nikolai Yudenich a commander of the Russian Imperial Army during World War He was a leader of the anti-communist White movement in Northwestern Russia during the Civil War.
1863 Henry Ford an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line, he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the twentieth century. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with "Fordism": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently