Died on July 30

578 Jacob Baradaeus Bishop of Edessa from 543 until his death. One of the most important figures in the history of the Syriac Orthodox Church, and the Oriental Orthodox churches generally, he was a defender of the Miaphysite movement in a time when its strength was declining. His instrumental efforts in reorganizing and revitalizing the community gave it its alternate name, the Jacobites
579 Pope Benedict I Pope from 2 June 575 to his death in 579.
734 Tatwine the tenth Archbishop of Canterbury from 731 to 734. Prior to becoming archbishop, he was a monk and abbot of a Benedictine monastery. Besides his ecclesiastical career, Tatwine was a writer, and riddles he composed survive. Another work he composed was on the grammar of the Latin language, which was aimed at advanced students of that language. He was subsequently considered a saint
1093 Bertha of Holland queen consort of the Franks from 1072 until 1092, as the first wife of King Philip Bertha's marriage to the king in 1072 was a result of peace negotiations between him and her stepfather, Count Robert the Frisian of Flanders. After nine years of childlessness, the royal couple had three children, including Philip's successor, Louis the Fat. Philip, however, grew tired of his wife by 1090, and repudiated her in 1092 in order to marry the already married Bertrada of Montfort. That marriage was a scandal since both Philip and Bertrada were already married to other people, at least until Queen Bertha died the next year
1233 Konrad von Marburg a medieval, German priest and nobleman. He was commissioned by the pope to combat the Albigensians
1285 John I Duke of Saxony the elder son of Duke Albert I of Saxony and his third wife Helen of Brunswick and Lunenburg, a daughter of Otto the Child. John and his younger brother Albert II jointly ruled the Duchy of Saxony after the death of their father Albert I in 1260
1286 Bar Hebraeus a catholicos of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the 13th century. He is noted for his works addressing philosophy, poetry, language, history, and theology; he has been called "one of the most learned and versatile men from the Syriac Orthodox Church"
1450 Henry XVI Duke of Bavaria since 1393 Duke of Bavaria-Landshut. He was a son of duke Frederick and his wife Maddalena Visconti, a daughter of Bernabò Visconti
1488 Clarice Orsini the daughter of Jacopo Orsini, Lord of Monterotondo and Bracciano, and his wife and cousin Maddalena Orsini. Born in the Papal States, she is most known as the wife of Lorenzo de' Medici , de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic. She was the mother of Pope Leo X
1540 Robert Barnes (martyr) an English reformer and martyr.
1540 Thomas Abel an English priest who was martyred during the reign of Henry VIII. The place and date of his birth are unknown
1550 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton an English peer.
1566 Guillaume Rondelet Regus Professor of medicine at the University of Montpellier in southern France and Chancellor of the University between 1556 and his death in 1566. He achieved renown as an anatomist and a naturalist with a particular interest in botany and zoology. His major work was a lengthy treatise on marine animals, which took two years to write and became a standard reference work for about a century afterwards, but his lasting impact lay in his education of a roster of star pupils who became leading figures in the world of late-16th century science
1613 Henry Julius Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1589 until his death. In 1576 he had become the first rector of the Protestant University of Helmstedt
1615 Evert Horn a Swedish soldier. He was born in Haapsalu. He was appointed Governor of Narva in 1613, and Field Marshal in 1614. He was killed by a bullet during the early days of the Swedish siege of Pskov
1621 Rudolph Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
1624 Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke of Lennox the son of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox. He was a patron of the playwright Ben Jonson, who lived in his household for five years
1632 Archduke Charles of Austria (1607–1632) infante of Spain, the second son of Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria.
1652 Charles Amadeus Duke of Nemours a French military leader and magnate. He was the father of the penultimate Duchess of Savoy and of a Queen of Portugal
1655 Sigmund Theophil Staden an important early German composer.
1671 Louis Joseph Duke of Guise the only son of Louis, Duke of Joyeuse and Marie Françoise de Valois, the only daughter of the Count of Alès, Governor of Provence and son of Charles de Valois Duke of Angoulême, a bastard of Charles IX of France.
1672 Giacinto Macripodari a 17th-century Greek scholar and Dominican friar. He was a Dominican missionary in Moldavia and was bishop of Skopje , custodian canon of Esztergom and Bishop of Csanád. His sermons had great success both in Greek and Italian
1674 Karel Škréta a Czech Baroque painter.
1680 Thomas Butler 6th Earl of Ossory an Irish politician. He was born at Kilkenny Castle, the eldest son of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde and Lady Elizabeth Preston
1683 Maria Theresa of Spain Queen of France and Navarre as the first wife of King Louis XIV. Famed for her virtue and piety, she was only barely able to fulfill her duty as queen by producing a male heir to the throne, since five of her six children died in early childhood. She is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she had no choice but to tolerate his many illicit love affairs
1691 Daniel Georg Morhof a German writer and scholar.
1700 Prince William Duke of Gloucester the son of Princess Anne, later Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1702, and her husband, Prince George, Duke of Cumberland. He was their only child to survive infancy. Styled Duke of Gloucester, he was viewed by contemporaries as a Protestant champion because his birth seemed to cement the Protestant succession established in the "Glorious Revolution" that had deposed his Catholic grandfather James II the previous year
1712 Paul Tallement the Younger a French churchman and scholar.
1718 William Penn an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Indians. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed
1719 Giambattista Felice Zappi an Italian poet.
1741 Count Wirich Philipp von Daun an Austrian Field Marshal in the War of Spanish Succession, and father of the better known Leopold Josef Graf Daun. In 1710 he was created Prince of Teano
1742 Nicholas Roosevelt (1658–1742) an early member of the Roosevelt family and a prominent Dutch-American citizen of New Amsterdam , and was the 4th great-grand father to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He was the first Roosevelt to hold an elected office in North America, as an alderman
1762 Johann Valentin Görner a German composer.
1771 Thomas Gray an English poet, letter-writer, classical scholar and professor at Cambridge University. He is widely known for his Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, published in 1751
1788 Kajetan Sołtyk a Polish Catholic priest, bishop of Kiev from 1756, bishop of Cracow from 13 March 1759.
1789 Giovanna Bonanno an alleged Italian witch and professional poisoner.
1797 Johann Ludwig Christian Koelle a German physician and botanist born in Münchberg.
1804 Carlo Allioni an Italian physician and professor of botany at the University of Turin. His most important work was Flora Pedemontana, sive enumeratio methodica stirpium indigenarum Pedemontii 1755, a study of the plant world in Piedmont, in which he listed 2813 species of plants, of which 237 were previously unknown. In 1766, he published the Manipulus Insectorum Tauriniensium
1811 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla a Mexican Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
1818 Brontë family The Brontës were a nineteenth-century literary family associated with the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The sisters, Charlotte , Emily , and Anne , are well known as poets and novelists. They originally published their poems and novels under the male pseudonyms Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell, much like many contemporary female writers. Their stories immediately attracted attention, although not always the best, for their passion and originality. Charlotte's Jane Eyre was the first to know success, while Emily's Wuthering Heights, Anne's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and other works were later to be accepted as masterpieces of literature
1830 Victor Scipion Charles Auguste de La Garde de Chambonas a mayor of Sens, brigadier general, and French foreign minister, at the beginning of the French Revolution.
1832 Jean-Antoine Chaptal a French chemist and statesman. He established chemical works for the manufacture of the mineral acids, soda and other substances. In Éléments de Chimie he coined a new word for the gas then known as "azote" or "mephitic air." Chaptal's word was nitrogène, which he named for nitre, the chemical which was needed for the production of nitric acid which had been found to contain the gas, and thus possibly to be the oxidized derivative of Chaptal's new term for the gas then quickly passed into English as nitrogen
1840 Joseph Jacotot a French teacher and educational philosopher, creator of the method of "intellectual emancipation.".
1851 Emmanuel Dupaty a French playwright, naval officer, singer, journalist and administrator of the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal. His brother was the sculptor Louis Dupaty
1856 Georg Weerth a German writer. Weerth's poems celebrated the solidarity of the working class in its fight for liberation from exploitation and oppression. He was a friend and companion of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who described Georg Weerth as the first and most significant poet of the German proletariat
1859 Richard Rush United States Attorney General under James Madison and United States Secretary of the Treasury under John Quincy Adams as well as John Quincy Adams' running mate when he ran for re-election on the National Republican ticket in 1828. Rush also served as United States minister to England and France at various times
1865 Étienne-Paschal Taché a Canadian doctor, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.
1870 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje remembered for poetry, travel writing, and his pioneering use of Landsmål.
1875 George Pickett a career United States Army officer who became a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his participation in the futile and bloody assault at the Battle of Gettysburg that bears his name, Pickett's Charge
1886 Shlomo Ganzfried also known.