July 30 events in history

634 Battle of Ajnadayn: Byzantine forces under Theodore are defeated by the Rashidun Caliphate near Beit Shemesh (modern Israel)
762 Baghdad is founded by caliph Al-Mansur
1419 First Defenestration of Prague: a crowd of radical Hussites kill seven members of the Prague city council
1502 Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage
1608 At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years
1619 In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time
1629 An earthquake in Naples, Italy, kills about 10,000 people
1635 Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Schenkenschans begins; Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, begins the recapture of the strategically important fortress from the Spanish Army
1656 Swedish forces under the command of King Charles X Gustav defeat the forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth at the Battle of Warsaw
1676 Nathaniel Bacon issues the "Declaration of the People of Virginia", beginning Bacon's Rebellion against the rule of Governor William Berkeley
1729 Foundation of Baltimore, Maryland
1733 The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the future United States is constituted in Massachusetts
1756 In Saint Petersburg, Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers
1811 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico
1825 Malden Island is discovered by captain George Byron, 7th Baron Byron
1859 First ascent of Grand Combin, one of the highest summits in the Alps
1863 American Indian Wars: Representatives of the United States and tribal leaders including Chief Pocatello (of the Shoshone) sign the Treaty of Box Elder
1864 American Civil War: Battle of the Crater – Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches
1865 The steamboat Brother Jonathan sinks off the coast of Crescent City, California, killing 225 passengers, the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. at the time
1866 New Orleans, Louisiana's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150
1871 The Staten Island Ferry Westfield's boiler explodes, killing over 85 people
1912 Japan's Emperor Meiji dies and is succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who is now known as the Emperor Taishō
1916 Black Tom Island explosion in Jersey City, New Jersey
1930 In Montevideo, Uruguay wins the first FIFA World Cup
1932 Premiere of Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short
1945 World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen
1956 A joint resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God we trust as the U.S. national motto
1962 The Trans-Canada Highway, the largest national highway in the world, is officially opened
1965 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid
1969 Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and U.S. military commanders
1971 Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission – David Scott and James Irwin on the Apollo Lunar Module module Falcon land on the Moon with the first Lunar Rover
1971 An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Iwate, Japan killing 162
1974 Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the Supreme Court of the United States
1974 Six Royal Canadian Army Cadets are killed and fifty-four are injured in an accidental grenade blast at CFB Valcartier Cadet Camp
1975 Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again, and will be declared legally dead on this date in 1982
1978 The 730 (transport), Okinawa Prefecture changes its traffic on the right-hand side of the road to the left-hand side
1980 Vanuatu gains independence
1980 Israel's Knesset passes the Jerusalem Law
1990 George Steinbrenner is forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as principal partner of New York Yankees for hiring Howie Spira to "get dirt" on Dave Winfield
2003 In Mexico, the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line
2006 The world's longest running music show Top of the Pops is broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years