Died on July 5

967 Emperor Murakami the 62nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1044 Samuel Aba King of Hungary the third King of Hungary between 1041 and 1044. He was born to a prominent family with extensive domains in the region of the Mátra Hills. Based on reports in the Gesta Hungarorum and other Hungarian chronicles about the non-Hungarian origin of the Aba family, modern historians write that the Abas headed the Kabar tribes that seceded from the Khazar Khaganate and joined the Hungarians in the 9th century
1316 Ferdinand of Majorca the third son of James II of Majorca, Viscount of Aumelas and Lord of Frontignan.
1375 Charles III Count of Alençon the eldest son of Charles II of Alençon and Maria de la Cerda.
1461 Otto I Count Palatine of Mosbach the Count Palatine of Mosbach from 1410 until 1448, and the Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt from 1448 until 1461.
1468 Alfonso Prince of Asturias (1453–1468) the figurehead of rebelling magnates against his half brother Henry IV of Castile.
1507 Crinitus a Florentine humanist scholar.
1522 Antonio de Nebrija a Spanish Renaissance scholar. He was a teacher, historian, poet and astronomer, best known for writing a grammar of the Castilian language. His grammar is often credited as the first published grammar of a Romance language and set the standard for subsequent modern Spanish language grammars
1539 Anthony Maria Zaccaria an early leader of the Counter Reformation. His feast day is celebrated on 5 July
1572 Longqing Emperor the twelfth emperor of the Ming dynasty of China from 1567 to 1572. He was created Prince of Yu in 1539. His era name means "Great celebration"
1633 Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1567–1633) a German princess member of the House of Habsburg.
1666 Albert VI Duke of Bavaria son of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine, born and died in Munich.
1676 Carl Gustaf Wrangel a high-ranking Swedish noble, statesman and military commander in the Thirty Years', Torstenson, Bremen, Second Northern and Scanian Wars.
1683 Turhan Hatice Sultan prominent for the regency of her young son and her building patronage.
1708 Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua and Montferrat the only child of Duke Charles II of Mantua and Montferrat, and the last ruler of the Duchy of Mantua of the House of Gonzaga.
1715 Charles Ancillon a French jurist and diplomat.
1719 Meinhardt Schomberg 3rd Duke of Schomberg a general in the service of Prince William of Orange, later King William III of England. He fought in the Franco-Dutch War, then played a crucial role in the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690 during the Williamite War in Ireland and finally commanded the British troops deployed to Portugal during the War of the Spanish Succession
1749 John Montagu 2nd Duke of Montagu a British peer.
1762 Jakob Adlung a German organist, teacher, instrument maker, music historian, and music theorist.
1773 Francisco José Freire born at Lisbon.
1786 Michèl Yost a famous French clarinetist and cofounder of the French clarinet school. He was a brilliant instrumentalist and even known beyond the boundaries of France
1793 Alexander Roslin a Swedish portrait painter who worked in Scania, Bayreuth, Paris, Italy, and Petersburg, primarily for members of aristocratic families. He combined insightful psychological portrayal with a skillful representation of fabrics and jewels. In his choice of style and lustrous, shimmering colors Alexander Roslin exemplifies Rococo. He lived in France from 1752 until 1793, a period that spanned most of his career. Rococo artists opted for a more jocular, elegant and ornate style, characterized by lightness, elegance and graceful approach to art and architecture. The painting by Roslin depicting Jeanne Sophie de Vignerot du Plessis, Countess of Egmont Pignatelli, was bought by the Minneapolis Institute of Art in 2006 for US$ 3 million
1803 Jackson of Exeter an English organist and composer.
1815 Maximilian Count of Merveldt von Merveldt , among the most famous of an illustrious old Westphalian family, entered Austrian military service, rose to the rank of General of Cavalry, served as Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's ambassador to Russia, and became special envoy extraordinaire to the Court of James's. He fought with distinction in the wars between the Habsburg and the Ottoman empires, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars
1816 Dorothea Jordan an Anglo-Irish actress, courtesan, and the mistress and companion of the future King William IV of the United Kingdom, for 20 years while he was Duke of Clarence. Together they had ten illegitimate children, all of whom took the surname FitzClarence
1819 William Cornwallis a Royal Navy officer. He was the brother of Charles Cornwallis, the 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British commander at the siege of Yorktown. Cornwallis took part in a number of decisive battles including the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758 and the Battle of the Saintes but is best known as a friend of Lord Nelson and as the commander-in-chief of the Channel Fleet during the Napoleonic Wars. He is depicted in the Horatio Hornblower novel, Hornblower and the Hotspur
1826 Joseph Proust a French chemist. He was best known for his discovery of the law of constant composition in 1799, stating that in chemical reactions matter is neither created nor destroyed
1826 Stamford Raffles a British statesman, best known for his founding of the city of Singapore and the London Zoo. He is often described as the "Father of Singapore" and the "Father of the London Zoo". He was also heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire. He was also an amateur writer and wrote a book titled The History of Java
1833 Nicéphore Niépce a French inventor, now usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field. Niépce developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world's oldest surviving product of a photographic process: a print made from a photoengraved printing plate in 1825. In 1826 or 1827, he used a primitive camera to produce the oldest surviving photograph of a real-world scene. Among Niépce's other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, which he conceived, created, and developed with his older brother Claude
1838 Jean Marc Gaspard Itard a French physician born in Provence.
1850 Alire Raffeneau Delile a French botanist.
1852 Mikhail Zagoskin a Russian writer of social comedies and historical novels.
1854 Émile Souvestre a French novelist who was a native of Morlaix, Finistère.
1857 Barthélemy Thimonnier a French inventor, who invented the first sewing machine that replicated sewing by hand.
1858 Vjekoslav Karas a Croatian painter, considered a pioneer of a new era of Croatian painting and art in general.
1858 Valentín Gómez Farías the President of Mexico for five short periods in the 1830s and 1840s.
1859 Charles Cagniard de la Tour a French engineer and physicist.
1862 Étienne-Denis Pasquier a French statesman. In 1842, he was elected a member of the Académie française, and in the same year was created a duke by Louis-Philippe
1862 Heinrich Georg Bronn a German geologist and paleontologist.
1863 Lewis Armistead a Confederate brigadier general in the American Civil War, who was wounded, captured, and died after Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1870 Gustav Leberecht Flügel a German orientalist.
1871 Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso an Italian noblewoman who played a prominent part in Italy's struggle for independence. She is also notable as a writer and journalist
1873 John Robertson (congressman) a nineteenth-century politician and lawyer from the U.S. state of Virginia. He was the brother of Thomas Robertson and Wyndham Robertson
1881 John Cumming (clergyman) a Scottish clergyman.
1884 Victor Massé a French composer.
1886 Charles Baugniet a Belgian painter, lithographer and aquarellist. His name remains attached to the lithographing of portraits of famous and lesser-known figures from Belgium, France and England. They are politicians, senior officials, prominent clergy, both from the Roman Catholic and Anglican Church, industrialists, professors, artists, musicians, actors, and people from the vaudeville world
1887 August Pott a German pioneer in linguistics.
1889 Jakov Ignjatović a Serbian 19th century novelist and prose writer from Hungary. He also wrote in Hungarian
1894 Austen Henry Layard an English traveller, archaeologist, cuneiformist, art historian, draughtsman, collector, author, politician and diplomat, best known as the excavator of Nimrud and of Niniveh, where he uncovered in 1851 the library of Ashurbanipal.
1899 Richard Congreve an English philosopher, one of the leading figures in the specifically religious interpretation of Auguste Comte's form of positivism. In that capacity he founded the London Positivist Society in 1867 and the Comtist Church of Humanity in 1878. He also wrote political tracts