July 5 events in history

328 The official opening of Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius
1295 Scotland and France form an alliance, the so-called "Auld Alliance", against England
1316 The Burgundian and Majorcan claimants of the Principality of Achaea meet in the Battle of Manolada
1594 Portuguese forces under the command of Pedro Lopes de Sousa begins an unsuccessful invasion of the Kingdom of Kandy during the Campaign of Danture in Sri Lanka
1610 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland
1687 Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
1770 The Battle of Chesma between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire begins
1775 The Second Continental Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition
1803 The Convention of Artlenburg is signed, leading to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)
1809 The Battle of Wagram is fought
1811 Venezuela declares independence from Spain
1813 War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York commence
1814 War of 1812: Battle of Chippawa – American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippawa, Ontario
1833 Lê Văn Khôi along with 27 soldiers stage a mutiny taking over the Phiên An citadel, developing into the Lê Văn Khôi revolt against Emperor Minh Mạng
1833 Admiral Charles Napier vanquishes the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent
1878 The coat of arms of the Baku Governorate is established
1884 Germany takes possession of Cameroon
1934 "Bloody Thursday" – Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco
1935 The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1937 Spam, the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation
1940 World War II: The United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations
1941 World War II: Operation Barbarossa: German troops reach the Dnieper River
1943 World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943)
1943 World War II: German forces begin a massive offensive against the Soviet Union at the Battle of Kursk, also known as Operation Citadel
1945 World War II: The liberation of the Philippines is declared
1946 The bikini goes on sale after debuting during an outdoor fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris, France
1948 National Health Service Acts creates the national public health systems in the United Kingdom
1950 Korean War: Task Force Smith: American and North Korean forces first clash, in the Battle of Osan
1950 Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel
1954 The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin
1954 The Andhra Pradesh High Court was established
1954 Elvis Presley records his first single, "That's All Right," at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee
1962 Algeria becomes independent from France
1971 Right to vote: The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon
1973 A BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, kills eleven firefighters
1975 Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title
1975 Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal
1977 Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown
1987 The LTTE uses suicide attacks on the Sri Lankan Army for the first time. The Black Tigers were born and, in the following years, continued to kill with the tactic
1989 Iran–Contra affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service. His convictions were later overturned
1995 The Republic of Armenia adopts its constitution, four years after its independence from the Soviet Union
1996 Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell
1999 Wolverhampton, England is hit by storms, including a tornado. The area was hit again with severe storms on August 1
1999 U.S. President Bill Clinton imposes trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan
2004 The first Indonesian presidential election is held
2006 North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly failed in mid-air over the Sea of Japan
2009 A series of violent riots break out in Ürümqi, the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China
2009 The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered, consisting of more than 1,500 items, is found near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield, in Staffordshire, England
2012 The Shard in London is inaugurated as the tallest building in Europe, with a height of 310 metres (1,020 ft)