July 6 events in history

640 Battle of Heliopolis: The Muslim Arab army under 'Amr ibn al-'As defeat the Byzantine forces near Heliopolis (Egypt)
1044 The Battle of Ménfő between troops led by Emperor Henry III and Magyar forces led by King Samuel takes place
1189 Richard I "the Lionheart" accedes to the English throne
1253 Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania
1348 Pope Clement VI issues a papal bull protecting the Jews accused of having caused the Black Death
1411 Ming China's Admiral Zheng He returns to Nanjing after the third treasure voyage and presents the Sinhalese king, captured during the Ming–Kotte War, to the Yongle Emperor
1415 Jan Hus is burned at the stake
1483 Richard III is crowned King of England
1484 Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River
1495 First Italian War: Battle of Fornovo – Charles VIII defeats the Holy League
1535 Sir Thomas More is executed for treason against King Henry VIII of England
1557 King Philip II of Spain, consort of Queen Mary I of England, sets out from Dover to war with France, which eventually resulted in the loss of the City of Calais, the last English possession on the continent, and Mary I never seeing her husband again
1560 The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England
1573 Córdoba, Argentina, is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera
1609 Bohemia is granted freedom of religion
1614 Żejtun and the surrounding villages suffer a raid from Ottoman forces. This was the last unsuccessful attempt by the Ottomans to conquer the island of Malta
1630 Thirty Years' War: Four thousand Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany
1685 Battle of Sedgemoor: Last battle of the Monmouth Rebellion. troops of King James II defeat troops of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
1751 Pope Benedict XIV suppresses the Patriarchate of Aquileia and establishes from its territory the Archdiocese of Udine and Gorizia
1777 American Revolutionary War: Siege of Fort Ticonderoga: After a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York
1779 Battle of Grenada: The French defeat British naval forces during the American Revolutionary War
1785 The dollar is unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States
1801 First Battle of Algeciras: Outnumbered French Navy ships defeat the Royal Navy in the fortified Spanish port of Algeciras
1809 The second day of the Battle of Wagram; France defeats the Austrian army in the largest battle to date of the Napoleonic Wars
1854 In Jackson, Michigan, the first convention of the United States Republican Party is held
1865 The first issue of The Nation magazine is published
1885 Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog
1887 David Kalākaua, monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, is forced at gunpoint by Americans to sign the Bayonet Constitution giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping Hawaiian citizens of their rights
1892 Dadabhai Naoroji is elected as the first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain
1892 Three thousand eight hundred striking steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving ten dead and dozens wounded
1917 World War I: Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt
1919 The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship
1933 The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeated the National League 4–2
1936 A major breach of the Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet (61 m) into the River Irwell
1937 Spanish Civil War: Battle of Brunete: The battle begins with Spanish Republican troops going on the offensive against the Nationalists to relieve pressure on Madrid
1939 Holocaust: the last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany are closed
1940 Story Bridge, a major landmark in Brisbane, as well as Australia's longest cantilever bridge is formally opened
1941 Nazi Germany launches its offensive to encircle several Soviet armies near Smolensk
1942 Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse
1944 Jackie Robinson refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court martial
1944 The Hartford circus fire, one of America's worst fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut
1947 The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union
1957 Althea Gibson wins the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so
1957 John Lennon and Paul McCartney meet for the first time, as teenagers at Woolton Fete, three years before forming the Beatles
1962 As a part of Operation Plowshare, the Sedan nuclear test takes place
1962 The Late Late Show, the world's longest-running chat show by the same broadcaster, airs on RTÉ One for the first time
1964 Malawi declares its independence from the United Kingdom
1966 Malawi becomes a republic, with Hastings Banda as its first President
1967 Nigerian Civil War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war
1975 The Comoros declares independence from France