July 7 in history

July 7 events chronologically

1124 Tyre falls to the Crusaders
1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death
1520 Spanish conquistadores defeat a larger Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba
1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick
1543 French troops invade Luxembourg
1575 Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland
1585 The Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France

Top 7 most famous people born on July 7

1860 Gustav Mahler a late-Romantic composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. He was born to a Jewish family in the village of Kalischt in Bohemia, in what was then the Austrian Empire, now Kaliště in the Czech Republic. His family later moved to nearby Iglau , where Mahler grew up
1899 George Cukor an American film director. He mainly concentrated on comedies and literary adaptations. His career flourished at RKO when David Selznick, the studio's Head of Production, assigned Cukor to direct several of RKO's major films, including What Price Hollywood? , A Bill of Divorcement , Our Betters , and Little Women. When Selznick moved to MGM in 1933 Cukor followed and directed Dinner at Eight and David Copperfield for Selznick and Romeo and Juliet and Camille for Irving Thalberg
1906 Satchel Paige an American baseball player whose pitching in the Negro leagues and in Major League Baseball made him a legend in his own lifetime. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971, the first player to be inducted based upon his play in the Negro leagues
1907 Robert A. Heinlein an American science fiction writer. Often called the "dean of science fiction writers", he was one of the most influential and controversial authors of the genre in his time. He set a standard for scientific and engineering plausibility, and helped to raise the genre's standards of literary quality
1940 Ringo Starr an English musician, singer, songwriter, and actor who gained worldwide fame as the drummer for the Beatles. On most of the band's albums, he sang lead vocals for one song, including "With a Little Help from My Friends", "Yellow Submarine" and their cover of "Act Naturally". He also wrote the Beatles' songs "Don't Pass Me By" and "Octopus's Garden", and is credited as a co-writer of others, such as "What Goes On" and "Flying"
1980 Michelle Kwan a retired American figure skater. She is a two-time Olympic medalist, a five-time World champion and a nine-time U.S. champion
1981 Mahendra Singh Dhoni an Indian cricketer and the current captain of the Indian national cricket team. He is an attacking right-handed middle-order batsman and wicket-keeper. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest finishers in limited-overs cricket. He made his One Day International debut in December 2004 against Bangladesh, and played his first Test a year later against Sri Lanka

Top 7 most famous people died on July 7

1307 Edward I of England King of England from 1272 to 1307. The first son of Henry III, Edward was involved early in the political intrigues of his father's reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he briefly sided with a baronial reform movement, supporting the Provisions of Oxford. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained loyal throughout the subsequent armed conflict, known as the Second Barons' War. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was hostage to the rebellious barons, but escaped after a few months and joined the fight against Simon de Montfort. Montfort was defeated at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and within two years the rebellion was extinguished. With England pacified, Edward left on a crusade to the Holy Land. The crusade accomplished little, and Edward was on his way home in 1272 when he was informed that his father had died. Making a slow return, he reached England in 1274 and was crowned at Westminster on 19 August
1930 Arthur Conan Doyle a British writer and physician, most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.
1973 Max Horkheimer a Jewish philosopher and sociologist who was famous for his work in critical theory as a member of the 'Frankfurt School' of social research. His most important works include The Eclipse of Reason , "Between Philosophy and Social Science" and, in collaboration with Theodor Adorno, The Dialectic of Enlightenment. Through the Frankfurt School, Horkheimer planned, supported and made other significant works possible
1973 Veronica Lake an American film, stage, and television actress. Lake won both popular and critical acclaim, most notably for her role in Sullivan's Travels and for her femme fatale roles in film noirs with Alan Ladd, during the 1940s. She was also well known for her peek-a-boo hairstyle. By the late 1940s however, Lake's career had begun to decline in part due to her struggles with mental illness and alcoholism. She made only one film in the 1950s but appeared in several guest-starring roles on television. She returned to the screen in 1966 with a role in the film Footsteps In the Snow, but the role failed to revitalize her career
2006 Syd Barrett an English musician, composer, singer, songwriter and painter. A founder member of the band Pink Floyd, Barrett was the lead vocalist, guitarist and principal songwriter in its early years and is credited with naming the band. Barrett left Pink Floyd in April 1968 and was briefly hospitalized amid speculation of mental illness exacerbated by drug use
2014 Alfredo Di Stéfano an Argentine-Spanish footballer and coach, widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time. He was most associated with Real Madrid and was instrumental in their domination of the European Champions' Cup during the 1950s, a period in which the club won the trophy in five consecutive seasons from 1956. Along with Francisco Gento and José María Zárraga, he was one of only three players to play a part in all five victories. Di Stéfano played international football mostly for Spain, but he also played for Argentina and Colombia
2014 Eduard Shevardnadze a Georgian politician and diplomat. He served as First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party , the de facto leader of Soviet Georgia from 1972 to 1985 and as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Shevardnadze was responsible for many key decisions in Soviet foreign policy during the Gorbachev Era. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, he was President of Georgia from 1992 to 2003. He was forced to retire in 2003 as a consequence of the bloodless Rose Revolution