July 7 events in history

1124 Tyre falls to the Crusaders
1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death
1520 Spanish conquistadores defeat a larger Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba
1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick
1543 French troops invade Luxembourg
1575 Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland
1585 The Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France
1770 The Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire takes place
1777 American Revolutionary War: American forces retreating from Fort Ticonderoga are defeated in the Battle of Hubbardton
1798 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the "war"
1807 Napoleonic Wars: the Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the War of the Fourth Coalition
1834 In New York City, four nights of rioting against abolitionists began
1846 Mexican–American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the U.S. acquisition of California
1863 United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300
1865 American Civil War: four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are hanged
1892 Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established, contributing to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia
1898 U.S. President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States
1907 Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first Follies on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City
1911 The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues
1915 World War I: end of First Battle of the Isonzo
1915 An International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15
1915 Militia officer Henry Pedris executed by firing squad at Colombo, Ceylon - an act widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice by the British colonial authorities
1928 Sliced bread is sold for the first time (on the inventor's 48th birthday) by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri
1930 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam)
1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge – Japanese forces invade Beijing, China
1941 World War II: U.S. forces land in Iceland, taking over from an earlier British occupation
1941 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops
1944 World War II: Largest Banzai charge of the Pacific War at the Battle of Saipan
1946 Mother Francesca S. Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized
1946 Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 reconnaissance aircraft prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood
1947 The Roswell incident, the (supposed) crash of an alien spaceship near Roswell in New Mexico
1952 The ocean liner SS United States passes Bishop Rock on her maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world
1953 Ernesto "Che" Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador
1954 Elvis Presley makes his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records, "That's All Right."
1956 Fritz Moravec and two other Austrian mountaineers make the first ascent of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m)
1958 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into law
1959 Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event is used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere
1963 Buddhist crisis: The police of Ngô Đình Nhu, brother and chief political adviser of President Ngô Đình Diệm, attacked a group of American journalists who were covering a protest
1978 The Solomon Islands becomes independent from the United Kingdom
1980 Institution of sharia in Iran
1980 During the Lebanese Civil War, 83 Tiger militants are killed during what will be known as the Safra massacre
1981 U.S. President Ronald Reagan appoints Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States
1983 Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov
1985 Boris Becker becomes the youngest player ever to win Wimbledon at age 17
1991 Yugoslav Wars: the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1997 The Turkish Armed Forces withdraw from northern Iraq after assisting the Kurdistan Democratic Party in the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
2003 NASA Opportunity rover, MER-B or Mars Exploration Rover – B, was launched into space aboard a Delta II rocket
2005 A series of four explosions occurs on London's transport system killing 56 people including four suicide bombers and injuring over 700 others