Born on July 8

1273 Anno von Sangershausen served as the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from 1256 to 1273.
1478 Gian Giorgio Trissino an Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat, and grammarian.
1521 Jorge Álvares credited as the first European explorer to have reached China and Hong Kong by sea.
1527 Saitō Yoshitatsu a Japanese samurai during the Sengoku period.
1528 Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580.
1545 Carlos Prince of Asturias the eldest son and heir-apparent of King Philip II of Spain. His mother was Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. Carlos was mentally unstable and was imprisoned by his father in early 1568, dying after half a year of solitary confinement. His fate was a theme in Spain's Black Legend, and inspired a play by Friedrich Schiller and an opera by Giuseppe Verdi
1593 Artemisia Gentileschi an Italian Baroque painter, today considered one of the most accomplished painters in the generation following that of Caravaggio. In an era when women painters were not easily accepted by the artistic community or patrons, she was the first woman to become a member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno in Florence
1621 Leonora Christina Ulfeldt the daughter of King Christian IV of Denmark and wife of Steward of the Realm–cum–traitor Count Corfitz Ulfeldt. Renowned in Denmark since the 19th century for her posthumously published autobiography, Jammers Minde, written secretly during two decades of solitary confinement in a royal dungeon, her intimate version of the major events she witnessed in Europe's history, interwoven with ruminations on her woes as a political prisoner, still commands popular interest, scholarly respect, and has virtually become the stuff of legend as retold and enlivened in Danish literature and art
1621 Jean de La Fontaine the most famous French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century. He is known above all for his Fables, which provided a model for subsequent fabulists across Europe and numerous alternative versions in France, and in French regional languages
1634 Thomas Butler 6th Earl of Ossory an Irish politician. He was born at Kilkenny Castle, the eldest son of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde and Lady Elizabeth Preston
1708 Jan de Witte a Polish military engineer, professional officer and architect of Dutch descent. The designer of, among others, the Dominican church in Lwów and the Carmelite monastery in Berdyczów , he was also the military commandant of the fortress at Kamieniec Podolski
1726 John Berkenhout an English physician, naturalist and miscellaneous writer.
1735 Domenico Vandelli an Italian naturalist, who did most of his scientific work in Portugal.
1760 Christian Kramp a French mathematician, who worked primarily with factorials.
1766 Dominique Jean Larrey a French surgeon in Napoleon's army and an important innovator in battlefield medicine.
1767 Pavel Chichagov a Russian military and naval commander of the Napoleonic wars.
1781 Tom Cribb an English bare-knuckle boxer of the 19th century, so successful that he became world champion.
1786 Charles Grand Duke of Baden became ruler of the Grand Duchy of Baden on 11 June 1811 and ruled until his death. He was born in Karlsruhe
1786 Carl Friedrich von Ledebour a German-Estonian botanist.
1792 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen a queen consort of Bavaria. She was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, eldest daughter of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1792 Joseph Bates (Adventist) an American seaman and revivalist minister. He was the founder and developer of Sabbatarian Adventism, a strain of religious thinking that evolved into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Bates is also credited with convincing James White and Ellen White of the validity of the seventh-day Sabbath
1794 James Backhouse a botanist and missionary for the Quaker church in Australia.
1798 Carl Heinrich 'Schultzenstein' Schultz a German physician and botanist. The appellation "Schultzenstein" is a reference to his birthplace; this was necessary to distinguish him from his contemporary Carl Heinrich 'Bipontinus' Schultz, also a German botanist
1801 Zénaïde Bonaparte the elder daughter of Joseph Bonaparte and Julie Clary, and the wife of Charles Lucien Bonaparte, who was also her cousin. She joined her father in Bordentown, New Jersey in exile for several years
1803 Karl Gützlaff a German missionary to the Far East, notable as one of the first Protestant missionaries in Bangkok, Thailand and in Korea. He wrote widely read books, such as Journal of Three Voyages along the Coast of China in 1831, 1832 and 1833, with notices of Siam, Corea, and the Loo-Choo Islands. He served as interpreter for British diplomatic missions during the First Opium War. Gutzlaff was one of the first Protestant missionaries in China to wear Chinese clothing. Gutzlaff Street in Hong Kong was named after him
1805 Luigi Ricci (composer) an Italian composer, particularly of operas. He was the elder brother of Federico Ricci, with whom he collaborated on several works. He was also a conductor
1808 George Robert Gray an English zoologist and author, and head of the ornithological section of the British Museum, now the Natural History Museum, in London for forty-one years. He was the younger brother of the zoologist John Edward Gray and the son of the botanist Samuel Frederick Gray
1808 Mindon Min the penultimate king of Burma from 1853 to 1878. He was one of the most popular and revered kings of Burma. Under his half brother King Pagan, the Second Anglo-Burmese War in 1852 ended with the annexation of Lower Burma by the British Empire. Mindon and his younger brother Kanaung overthrew their half brother King Pagan. He spent most of his reign trying to defend the upper portion of his country from British encroachments, and to modernize his kingdom
1810 Johanna Kinkel a German composer, writer, and revolutionary.
1810 José María Achá a military general and president of Bolivia. He served in the battles of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation and conspired against longtime dictator Manuel Belzu. Later, he was appointed Minister of war in the cabinet of another dictator, José María Linares. In that capacity, he led the 1861 coup d'état that toppled Linares. Originally he governed as head of Junta, and then as sole leader of the revolutionary government
1818 Ivan Franjo Jukić remembered as one of the founders of Bosnian modernism.
1819 Vatroslav Lisinski a Croatian composer.
1819 Francis Leopold McClintock known for his discoveries in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
1821 W. H. L. Wallace William Hervey Lamme Wallace , more commonly known as W.H.L. Wallace, was a lawyer and a Union general in the American Civil War, considered by Ulysses Grant to be one of the Union's greatest generals
1822 Friedrich Kaulbach a German painter from Bad Arolsen, Hesse. His father was Christian Kaulbach , a cabinet maker in Arolsen. He was also the cousin and at one time the student of the painter Wilhelm von Kaulbach, son of Philipp Karl Friedrich Kaulbach , goldsmith and amateur painter; Wilhelm's son, Hermann von Kaulbach ; and his own son, Friedrich August von Kaulbach
1824 Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski a Polish American engineer, politician, and military leader — during the American Civil War, a brigadier general in the Union Army.
1827 Peter II Grand Duke of Oldenburg the Grand Duke of Oldenburg from 1853 to 1900. He claimed hereditary parts of Duchy of Holstein after Second Schleswig War in 1864. After signing a treaty in 23 February 1867 in Kiel, he renounced his claims. But, he received from Amt Ahrensbök , the Prussian parts of the former Principality of Lübeck and was given a million taler as compensation from Prussia. Thus the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg gained access to the Baltic Sea
1829 Pierre Alexis Ponson du Terrail a French writer. He was a prolific novelist, producing in the space of twenty years some seventy-three volumes, and is best remembered today for his creation of the fictional character of Rocambole
1830 Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg the fifth daughter of Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Amelie Theresa Luise, Duchess of Württemberg.
1830 Frederick W. Seward the Assistant Secretary of State during the American Civil War, serving in Abraham Lincoln's administration as well as under Andrew Johnson during Reconstruction and for over two years under Rutherford Hayes.
1831 John Pemberton best known for being the inventor of Coca-Cola.
1836 Joseph Chamberlain a British politician and statesman. He was best known as the leading imperialist of the day in Britain, first in the radical wing of the Liberal Party then in the Liberal Unionist alliance partner of the Conservative Party. He was the chief advocate and supervisor of the Second Boer War , and by 1906, when a stroke ended his career, was the leading advocate of "tariff reform". Chamberlain divided both major British political parties– Gladstone's Liberals in 1886 and the Unionists in 1903 – in each case helping to derail the political prospects of that party
1838 Ferdinand von Zeppelin a German general and later aircraft manufacturer. He founded the Zeppelin airship company. He was born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden
1839 Giovanni Battista Scalabrini ordained priest on 30 May 1863. He was made Bishop of Piacenza in Italy, on 28 November 1887 he founded the Congregation of the Missionaries of Charles now known as the Scalabrinian Fathers and Brothers. Its initial mission is to "maintain Catholic faith and practice among Italian emigrants in the New World." Today, they and their sister organizations, the Missionary Sisters of Charles Borromeo and Secular Institute of the Scalabrinian Missionary Women minister to migrants, seafarers, refugees and displaced persons
1839 John D. Rockefeller an American business magnate and philanthropist. He was a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry, and along with other key contemporary industrialists such as Andrew Carnegie, defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, he co-founded Standard Oil Company and actively ran it until he officially retired in 1897
1840 August Leskien a German linguist active in the field of comparative linguistics, particularly relating to the Baltic and Slavic languages.
1840 Heinrich von Angeli an Austrian history and portrait painter. His works included portraits of Queen Victoria, her eldest daughter Victoria, Princess Royal, Kaiser Wilhelm I, Benjamin Disraeli, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, and two of Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
1840 Manuel de Arriaga a Portuguese lawyer, the first Attorney-General and the first elected President of the First Portuguese Republic, following the abdication of King Manuel II of Portugal and a Republican Provisional Government headed by Teófilo Braga.
1846 Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha a Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha by birth and an Archduchess of Austria through her marriage to Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria.
1847 Nikolay Kapterev a church historian, professor at the Church Academy, and corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. He is especially known for his publications refuting the theory of the Russian State Church regarding the causes of the Schism of 1666–67. Many of his works are being referred to by the Old Believers when explaining and defending their point of view of the Schism in the Russian Orthodox Church