Died on July 8

689 Saint Kilian an Irish missionary bishop and the Apostle of Franconia , where he began his labours towards the end of the 7th century. His feast day is July 8
810 Pepin of Italy the son of Charlemagne and King of the Lombards under the authority of his father.
903 Grimbald a 9th-century Benedictine monk at the Abbey of Saint Bertin near Saint-Omer, France. Around 892 Alfred invited Grimbald to England; he accepted, but declined the Diocese of Canterbury, preferring to remain a monk. He took a leading part in the school that Alfred established for the education of young nobles. In the Introduction of his translation of Gregory the Great's Pastoral Care, Alfred mentions the help he received from Grimbald in construing Latin
975 Edgar the Peaceful king of England from 959 to 975. Edgar was the younger son of Edmund I
1113 Zbigniew of Poland a Prince of Poland during 1102-1107. He was first-born son of Władysław I Herman and probably Przecława, a member of the Prawdzic family
1115 Peter the Hermit a priest of Amiens and a key figure during the First Crusade.
1153 Pope Eugene III Pope from 15 February 1145 to his death in 1153. He was the first Cistercian to become Pope. He was beatified on 28 December 1872 by Pope Pius IX
1184 Otto I Margrave of Brandenburg the second Margrave of Brandenburg, from 1170 until his death.
1253 Theobald I of Navarre Count of Champagne from birth and King of Navarre from 1234. He was famous as a trouvère and Crusader, and was the first Frenchman to rule Navarre
1261 Adolf IV of Holstein a Count of Schauenburg and of Holstein , of the House of Schaumburg. Adolf was the eldest son of Adolf III of Schauenburg and Holstein by his second wife, Adelheid of Querfurt
1303 Procopius of Ustyug a fool for Christ , a miracle worker, saint of Russian Orthodox Church, formerly a merchant from Lübeck. He was born in Germany, a Roman Catholic merchant who converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity during his travels
1390 Albert of Saxony (philosopher) a German philosopher known for his contributions to logic and physics. He was bishop of Halberstadt from 1366 until his death
1422 Michelle of Valois a Duchess consort of Burgundy. She was a daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. She was named for Saint Michael the Archangel after her father noted an improvement in his health after a pilgrimage to Mont Saint-Michel in 1393
1538 Diego de Almagro a Spanish conquistador and a companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro. He participated in the Spanish conquest of Peru and is credited as the first European discoverer of Chile
1583 Fernão Mendes Pinto a Portuguese explorer and writer. His voyages are recorded in Pilgrimage , his autobiographical memoir. The historical accuracy of the work is debatable due to the many events which seem far fetched or at least exaggerated. Some aspects of the work can be verified, particularly through Pinto's service to the Portuguese Crown and by his association with Jesuit missionaries
1613 Ipatii Potii the Ukrainian Metropolitan of Kiev and Galychyna from 1599 to his death in 1613. He played an active role in the 1595 Union of Brest of which he was a firm supporter. He was also a writer, polemist and theologian
1623 Pope Gregory XV Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
1689 Edward Wooster an English early settler of Colonial America, and "the first permanent settler in Derby", Connecticut.
1695 Christiaan Huygens a prominent Dutch mathematician and scientist. He is known particularly as an astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist
1704 Hermann Otto II of Limburg Stirum the son of Adolf Ernst of Limburg Stirum and an imperial Field Marshal.
1716 Robert South an English churchman, known for his combative preaching.
1721 Elihu Yale a Welsh merchant and philanthropist, Governor of the East India Company settlement in Fort George, at Madras and a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honor.
1726 Antonio Maria Bononcini an Italian cellist and composer, the younger brother of the better-known Giovanni Bononcini.
1726 John Ker a Scottish spy during the Jacobite risings.
1753 Federiko Benković a prominent late Baroque painter. He is best known as Federico Bencovich or Federico Bencovic, but also as Federigo or Federighetto or Dalmatino
1766 Maria Vittoria of Savoy a legitimated daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, first king of the House of Savoy. Married to the head of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy, she is an ancestor of the kings of Sardinia and of the Savoy kings of Italy
1784 Torbern Bergman a Swedish chemist and mineralogist noted for his 1775 Dissertation on Elective Attractions, containing the largest chemical affinity tables ever published. Bergman was the first chemist to use the A, B, C, etc., system of notation for chemical species
1788 Armand de Vignerot du Plessis a French soldier, diplomat and statesman. Joining the army, he participated in three major wars and eventually rose to the rank of Marshal of France
1793 Joseph Agricol Viala a child hero in the French Revolutionary Army.
1794 Richard Mique a neoclassical French architect born in Lorraine. He is most remembered for his picturesque hamlet, the Hameau de la Reine — not particularly characteristic of his working style — for Marie Antoinette in the Petit Trianon gardens within the estate of Palace of Versailles
1796 Adam Naruszewicz a Polish nobleman from an impoverished aristocratic family, poet, historian, dramatist, translator, publicist, Jesuit and titular Bishop of Smolensk and bishop of Łuck.
1803 Francesco Giuseppe Casanova an Italian painter and a younger brother of Giacomo Casanova.
1822 Percy Bysshe Shelley regarded by critics as amongst the finest lyric poets in the English language. A radical in his poetry as well as his political and social views, Shelley did not achieve fame during his lifetime, but recognition for his poetry grew steadily following his death. Shelley was a key member of a close circle of visionary poets and writers that included Lord Byron; Leigh Hunt; Thomas Love Peacock; and his own second wife, Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein
1823 Henry Raeburn a Scottish portrait painter and Scotland's first significant portrait painter since the Union to remain based in Scotland. He served as Portrait Painter to King George IV in Scotland
1825 John Lanigan an Irish Church historian.
1827 Robert Surcouf a French privateer and slave trader who operated in the Indian Ocean between 1789 and 1801, and again from 1807 to 1808, capturing over 40 prizes, while amassing a large fortune as a ship-owner, both from privateering and from commerce.
1839 Milan Obrenović II Prince of Serbia in Kragujevac, Serbia. He was the ruling Prince of Serbia for just short of four weeks in 1839
1850 Prince Adolphus Duke of Cambridge the tenth child and seventh son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He held the title of Duke of Cambridge from 1801 until his death. He also served as Viceroy of Hanover on behalf of his brothers George IV and William He was the grandfather of Mary of Teck, Queen consort of King George V, and great-great-grandfather of the current monarch, Elizabeth II
1853 Charles Frederick Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
1859 Oscar I of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. When, in August 1810, his father Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was elected Crown Prince of Sweden, Oscar and his mother moved from Paris to Stockholm. Oscar's father was the first ruler of the current House of Bernadotte. Oscar's mother was Désirée Clary, Napoleon Bonaparte's first fiancée. Her sister, Julie Clary, was married to Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte. Désirée chose Napoleon to be Oscar's godfather
1863 William Hamilton 11th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman and the Premier Peer of Scotland.
1869 Ivan Lazhechnikov a Russian writer.
1873 Franz Xaver Winterhalter a German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty in the mid-nineteenth century. His name has become associated with fashionable court portraiture. Among his best known works are Empress Eugénie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting and the portraits he made of Empress Elisabeth of Austria
1875 John Elliott Cairnes an Irish economist. He is often described as the "last of the classical economists"
1875 Francis Preston Blair Jr. an American politician and Union Army general during the American Civil War. He represented Missouri in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, and he was the Democratic Party's nominee for Vice President in 1868
1881 Henry Coxe an English librarian and scholar.
1882 Hablot Knight Browne an English artist. Well-known by his pen name, Phiz, he illustrated books by Charles Dickens, Charles Lever, and Harrison Ainsworth
1886 Cora Pearl a 19th-century courtesan of the French demimonde, who enjoyed her greatest celebrity during the period of the Second French Empire.
1887 Ben Holladay an American transportation businessman responsible for creating the Overland Stage to California during the height of the 1849 California Gold Rush. Ben Holladay created a stagecoach empire and he is known in history as the "Stagecoach King". A native of Kentucky, he also was hired as a private courier to General Alexander Doniphan of Missouri. Doniphan refused point-blank to carry out orders to kill the Mormons during the 1838 Mormon War in Missouri. Through Holladay's friendship with Brigham Young, Holladay established a profitable freighting contract to Salt Lake City. His transportation empire later included steamships and railroads in Oregon
1891 Ludwig Chronegk a German actor and director. He headed the Meiningen Ensemble and reformed theatre direction principles