July 1789 in history

July 1789 events chronologically

Jul 9 In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution
Jul 10 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Mackenzie River delta
Jul 11 Jacques Necker is dismissed as France's Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille
Jul 12 French revolutionary and radical journalist Camille Desmoulins gave a speech in response to the dismissal of Jacques Necker France's finance minister the day before. The speech calls the citizens to arms and leads to the Storming of the Bastille two days later
Jul 14 Alexander Mackenzie finally completes his journey to the mouth of the great river he hoped would take him to the Pacific, but which turns out to flow into the Arctic Ocean. Later named after him, the Mackenzie is the second-longest river system in North America
Jul 14 French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille
Jul 15 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, is named by acclamation Colonel General of the new National Guard of Paris

Born in July 1789

Jul 3 Johann Friedrich Overbeck a German painter and member of the Nazarene movement. He also made four etchings
Jul 5 Faddey Bulgarin a Russian writer and journalist of Polish, Bulgarian and Albanian ancestry whose self-imposed mission was to popularize the authoritarian policies of Alexander I and Nicholas I.
Jul 6 María Isabella of Spain an Infanta of Spain and Queen of the Two Sicilies.
Jul 19 John Martin (painter) an English Romantic painter, engraver and illustrator.
Jul 20 Mahmud II the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdulhamid His reign is notable mostly for the extensive administrative, military and fiscal reforms he instituted, which culminated into the Decree of Tanzimat that was carried out by his sons Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz In 1826 he abolished the Janissary corps of 135,000 men and executed thousands of its leaders, thereby removing a major obstacle to army reform
Jul 21 Vasil Aprilov a Bulgarian educator. He studied in Moscow, graduated from a high school in Braşov and then pursued a medical degree in Vienna. After 1811 he was a merchant in Odessa. He initially participated in the Greek revolutionary movement, but later devoted himself to the Bulgarian Renaissance. He gathered Bulgarian folk songs. In his will he left a large amount of money for building the Aprilovska High School in Gabrovo. This was to be the first Bulgarian secular school using the Bell-Lancaster method. The emergence of this school gave a boost to Bulgarian education and soon other schools were opened all over the Bulgarian-populated regions of the Ottoman empire
Jul 25 Mikhail Zagoskin a Russian writer of social comedies and historical novels.

Died in July 1789

Jul 3 Jakob II Bernoulli younger brother of Johann III Bernoulli. Having finished his literary studies, he was, according to custom, sent to Neuchâtel to learn French. On his return, he graduated in law. This study, however, did not check his hereditary taste for geometry. The early lessons which he had received from his father were continued by his uncle Daniel, and such was his progress that at the age of twenty-one he was called to undertake the duties of the chair of experimental physics, which his uncle’s advanced years rendered him unable to discharge. He afterwards accepted the situation of secretary to count de Brenner, which afforded him an opportunity of seeing Germany and Italy. In Italy, he formed a friendship with Lorgna, professor of mathematics at Verona, and one of the founders of the Società Italiana for the encouragement of the sciences. He was also made corresponding member of the royal society of Turin; and, while residing at Venice, he was, through the friendly representation of Nicolaus von Fuss, admitted into the academy of St Petersburg. In 1788, he was named one of its mathematical professors
Jul 4 Cláudio Manuel da Costa a Brazilian poet and musician, considered to be the introducer of the Neoclassicism in Brazil. He wrote under the pen name Glauceste Satúrnio, and his most famous work is the epic poem Vila Rica, that tells the history of the homonymous city, nowadays called Ouro Preto
Jul 13 Victor de Riqueti marquis de Mirabeau a French economist of the Physiocratic school. He was the father of great Honoré, Comte de Mirabeau and is, in distinction, often referred to as the elder Mirabeau
Jul 14 Jacques de Flesselles a French public servant and one of the first victims of the French Revolution.
Jul 15 Jacques Duphly a French harpsichordist and composer.
Jul 16 Domenico Caracciolo diplomat and politician in the Kingdom of Naples.
Jul 30 Giovanna Bonanno an alleged Italian witch and professional poisoner.