July 1901 in history

July 1901 events chronologically

Jul 24 O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank

Top 7 most famous people born in July 1901

Jul 7 Vittorio De Sica an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement.
Jul 9 Barbara Cartland an English author, one of the most prolific and commercially successful of the twentieth century. Her 723 novels were translated into 36 different languages, and she continues to be referenced in the Guinness World Records for the most novels published in a single year. As Barbara Cartland she is known for her numerous romantic novels, but she also wrote under her married name of Barbara McCorquodale. She wrote more than 700 books, which reportedly sold more than 750 million copies. Other sources estimate her book sales at more than 1 billion copies. She specialised in 19th-century Victorian-era pure romance. Her novels all featured portrait style artwork
Jul 10 Nicolás Guillén a Cuban poet, journalist, political activist, and writer. He is best remembered as the national poet of Cuba
Jul 14 Gerald Finzi a British composer. Finzi is best known as a composer, but also wrote in other genres. Large-scale compositions by Finzi include the cantata Dies natalis for solo voice and string orchestra, and his concertos for cello and clarinet
Jul 15 Nicola Abbagnano an Italian existential philosopher.
Jul 31 Jean Dubuffet a French painter and sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so called "low art" and eschewed traditional standards of beauty in favor of what he believed to be a more authentic and humanistic approach to image-making
Jul 31 Rudolf Slánský a Czech Communist politician. Holding the post of the party's General Secretary after World War II, he was one of the leading creators and organizers of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. After the leader of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito, broke away from the domination of the Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin instigated a wave of "purges" of the respective Communist Party leaderships, to prevent more defections from among the Soviet Union's Central European "satellite" countries. In Czechoslovakia, Slánský was one of 14 leaders arrested in 1951 and put on show trial en masse in November 1952, charged with high treason. After eight days, 11 of the 14 were sentenced to death. Slánský's sentence was carried out five days later

Top 7 most famous people died in July 1901

Jul 4 Peter Tait (physicist) a Scottish mathematical physicist, best known for the energy physics textbook Treatise on Natural Philosophy, which he co-wrote with Kelvin, and his early investigations into knot theory, which contributed to the eventual formation of topology as a mathematical discipline. His name is known in graph theory mainly for Tait's conjecture
Jul 4 Johannes Schmidt (linguist) a German linguist. He developed the Wellentheorie of language development
Jul 6 Chlodwig Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst a German statesman, who served as Chancellor of Germany and Prime Minister of Prussia from 1894 to 1900. Prior to his appointment as Chancellor, he had served in a number of other positions, including as Prime Minister of Bavaria , German Ambassador to Paris , Foreign Secretary and Imperial Lieutenant of Alsace-Lorraine. He was regarded as one of the most prominent liberal politicians of his time in Germany
Jul 7 Johanna Spyri best known for her book Heidi. Born Johanna Louise Heusser in the rural area of Hirzel, Switzerland, as a child she spent several summers in the area around Chur in Graubünden, the setting she later would use in her novels
Jul 10 Kliment of Tarnovo a leading Bulgarian clergyman and politician. He was also a writer and one of the founders of the Bulgarian Literature Society in 1869
Jul 18 Carlo Alfredo Piatti an Italian cellist and renowned teacher.
Jul 21 Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers a French biologist, anatomist and zoologist born in Montpezat in the department of Lot-et-Garonne. He was a leading authority in regards to mollusks