July 1923 in history

July 1923 events chronologically

Jul 1 The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration
Jul 13 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949
Jul 24 The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in World War I

Top 7 most famous people born in July 1923

Jul 2 Wisława Szymborska a Polish poet, essayist, translator and recipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Prowent, which has since become part of Kórnik, she later resided in Kraków until the end of her life. She was described as a "Mozart of Poetry". In Poland, Szymborska's books have reached sales rivaling prominent prose authors: although she once remarked in a poem, "Some Like Poetry" , that no more than two out of a thousand people care for the art
Jul 6 Wojciech Jaruzelski a Polish military officer and communist politician. He was the last communist leader of the Polish People's Republic, served as First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party from 1981 to 1989, Prime Minister from 1981 to 1985 and the country's head of state from 1985 to 1990. He was also the last commander-in-chief of the Polish People's Army. He resigned from power after the Polish Round Table Agreement in 1989 which led to democratic elections in Poland. Jaruzelski was chiefly responsible for the imposition of martial law in Poland on 13 December 1981 in an attempt to crush the pro-democracy movements, which included Solidarity, the first non-Communist trade union in Warsaw Pact history. Thousands of journalists were silenced and opposition activists interned without charge; some people lost their lives during the events. The resulting socio-economic crisis led to the rationing of basic foods including materials and consumer products, while the median income of the population fell by as much as 40%. During Jaruzelski's rule from 1981 to 1989, around 700,000 people left the country
Jul 11 Richard Pipes a Polish-American academic who specializes in Russian history, particularly with respect to the Soviet Union, who espoused a strong anti-communist point of view throughout his career. In 1976 he headed Team B, a team of analysts organized by the Central Intelligence Agency who analyzed the strategic capacities and goals of the Soviet military and political leadership. Pipes is the father of American historian and expert on American foreign policy and the Middle East, Daniel Pipes
Jul 21 Rudolph A. Marcus a Canadian-born chemist who received the 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems". Marcus theory, named after him, provides a thermodynamic and kinetic framework for describing one electron outer-sphere electron transfer
Jul 22 Bob Dole an American politician who represented Kansas in the United States Senate from 1969 to 1996 and in the House of Representatives from 1961 to 1969. In the 1976 presidential election, Dole was the Republican Party nominee for Vice President and incumbent President Gerald Ford's running mate. In the presidential election of 1996, Dole was the Republican nominee for President, unsuccessfully challenging incumbent President Bill Clinton
Jul 25 Estelle Getty an American actress, who appeared in film, television, and theatre. She was best known for her role as Sophia Petrillo on The Golden Girls from 1985 to 1992, which won her an Emmy and a Golden Globe, on The Golden Palace from 1992 to 1993 and on Empty Nest from 1993 to 1995. In her later years, after retiring from acting, she battled Lewy body dementia
Jul 27 Mas Oyama a karate master who founded Kyokushin Karate, considered the first and most influential style of full contact karate. He was born Choi Yeong-eui. A Zainichi Korean, he spent most of his life living in Japan and acquired Japanese citizenship in 1964. He is an alumnus of Waseda University in Japan

Top 7 most famous people died in July 1923

Jul 7 Guerra Junqueiro a Portuguese top civil servant, member of the Portuguese House of Representatives, journalist, author, and poet. His work helped inspire the creation of the Portuguese First Republic. Junqueiro wrote highly satiric poems criticizing conservatism, romanticism, and the Church leading up to the Portuguese Revolution of 1910. He was one of Europe's greatest poets. Junqueiro studied law at the University of Coimbra
Jul 9 William R. Day an American diplomat and jurist, who served for nineteen years as a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Jul 12 Ernst Otto Beckmann remembered for his invention of the Beckmann differential thermometer and for his discovery of the Beckmann rearrangement.
Jul 15 Semyon Alapin a Litvak chess master, openings analyst, and puzzle composer. He was a linguist, railway engineer and merchant
Jul 16 Louis Couperus a Dutch novelist and poet. His oeuvre contains a wide variety of genres: lyric poetry, psychological and historical novels, novellas, short stories, fairy tales, feuilletons and sketches. Couperus is considered to be one of the foremost figures in Dutch literature. In 1923, he was awarded the Tollensprijs
Jul 20 Pancho Villa one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals.
Jul 23 Charles Dupuy a French statesman, three times prime minister.