July 1942 in history

July 1942 events chronologically

Jul 1 World War II: First Battle of El Alamein
Jul 1 The Australian Federal Government becomes the sole collector of income tax in Australia as State Income Tax is abolished
Jul 4 World War II: the 250 day Siege of Sevastopol in the Crimea ends when the city falls to Axis forces
Jul 6 Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse
Jul 10 Diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established
Jul 10 World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics
Jul 16 Holocaust: Vel' d'Hiv Roundup (Rafle du Vel' d'Hiv): The government of Vichy France orders the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews who are held at the Winter Velodrome in Paris before deportation to Auschwitz

Top 7 most famous people born in July 1942

Jul 2 Vicente Fox a Mexican businessman who was President of Mexico from December 1, 2000, to November 30, 2006, under the National Action Party. He is also the Co-President of the Centrist Democrat International, an international organization of Christian democratic political parties
Jul 10 Ronnie James Dio an American heavy metal vocalist and songwriter. He fronted numerous groups including Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, Heaven & Hell, and his own band, Dio. He is credited with popularizing the "metal horns" hand gesture in metal culture and is known for his medieval themed lyrics. Dio possessed a powerful versatile vocal range capable of singing both hard rock and lighter ballads and according to Rainbow/Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore upon hearing him sing, "I felt shivers down my spine." Dio sold over 47 million albums throughout his career
Jul 10 Sixto Rodriguez an American folk musician from Detroit, Michigan. His career initially proved short lived, with two little-sold albums in the early 1970s and two Australian concert tours. Although retaining a loyal following in Australia, unknown to Rodriguez his albums became extremely successful and influential in South Africa. According to the film-makers of the documentary about him, Searching for Sugar Man, at one time he sold more records than Elvis Presley in South Africa, though he was mistakenly rumored there to have committed suicide
Jul 13 Harrison Ford an American actor. He gained worldwide fame for his starring roles as Han Solo in the original Star Wars trilogy and the title character of the Indiana Jones film series. Ford is also known for his roles as Rick Deckard in Blade Runner, John Book in Witness and Jack Ryan in Patriot Games and Clear and Present Danger
Jul 14 Javier Solana a Spanish physicist and Socialist politician. After serving in the Spanish government under Felipe González and Secretary General of NATO , he was appointed the European Union's High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Secretary General of the Council of the European Union and Secretary-General of the Western European Union and held these posts from October 1999 until December 2009
Jul 16 Margaret Court a retired world 1 professional tennis player. She is currently a Christian minister in Perth, Australia but is best known for her sporting career, in which she amassed more major titles than any other player in history
Jul 18 Giacinto Facchetti an Italian football player. From January 2004 until his death, he was President of Internazionale, the club for which he played for his whole career during the 1960s and 1970s, playing 634 official games and scoring 75 goals. He played for the Internazionale team remembered as “Grande Inter”. Facchetti is remembered as one of the first truly great attacking full-backs, and one of the best ever in his position; he also excelled defensively, playing as a sweeper later in his career due to his ability to read the game, man-marking, positioning, anticipation and tackling. His excellent physical and technical traits, as well as his ability with both feet, his elegance, strength, pace, stamina, distribution, and ball skills, allowed him to excel in this position, where he notably scored 10 goals in Serie A during the 1965-66 Season. He was also known for his correct behaviour on the pitch, as well as his leadership. In March 2004, Pelé named him one of the Top 125 greatest living footballers as part of FIFA's 100th anniversary celebrations

Top 7 most famous people died in July 1942

Jul 8 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey a French general during World War As commander of the large allied army based at Salonika, he conducted the successful Macedonian campaign which caused the collapse of the Southern front and contributed to the armistice.
Jul 8 Moses Schorr a rabbi, Polish historian, politician, Bible scholar, assyriologist and orientalist. Schorr was one of the top experts on the history of the Jews in Poland. He was the first Jewish researcher of Polish archives, historical sources, and pinkasim. The president of the 13th district B'nai B'rith Poland, he was a humanist and reform rabbi who ministered the central synagogue of Poland during its last years before the Holocaust
Jul 23 Adam Czerniaków a Polish-Jewish engineer and senator, and head of the Warsaw Ghetto Judenrat. He committed suicide in the Warsaw Ghetto on 23 July 1942 by swallowing a cyanide pill, a day after the commencement of mass extermination of Jews known as the Grossaktion Warsaw
Jul 26 Titus Brandsma a Dutch Carmelite friar, Catholic priest and professor of philosophy. Brandsma was vehemently opposed to Nazi ideology and spoke out against it many times before the Second World War. He was imprisoned in the infamous Dachau concentration camp, where he died. He has been beatified by the Catholic Church as a martyr of the faith
Jul 26 Roberto Arlt an Argentine writer.
Jul 28 Flinders Petrie an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artefacts. He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt in conjunction with his wife, Hilda Petrie. Some consider his most famous discovery to be that of the Merneptah Stele, an opinion with which Petrie himself concurred. Petrie developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings
Jul 31 Francis Younghusband a British Army officer, explorer, and spiritual writer. He is remembered for his travels in the Far East and Central Asia; especially the 1904 British expedition to Tibet, which he led, during which a massacre of Tibetans occurred, and for his writings on Asia and foreign policy. Younghusband held positions including British commissioner to Tibet and President of the Royal Geographical Society