Died in July

July 10, 138 Hadrian Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He re-built the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. He is also known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors
July 29, 238 Pupienus Roman Emperor with Balbinus for three months in 238, during the Year of the Six Emperors. The sources for this period are scant, and thus knowledge of the emperor is limited. In most contemporary texts Pupienus is referred by his agnomen "Maximus" rather than by his cognomen Pupienus
July 29, 238 Balbinus Roman Emperor with Pupienus for three months in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors.
July 7, 303 Procopius of Scythopolis venerated as an early martyr and saint. Eusebius of Caesarea writes of his martyrdom, which occurred during the persecution of Diocletian, and states that “he was born at Jerusalem, but had gone to live in Scythopolis, where he held three ecclesiastical offices. He was reader and interpreter in the Syriac language, and cured those possessed of evil spirits.” Eusebius writes that Procopius was sent with his companions from Scythopolis to Caesarea Maritima, where he was decapitated
July 25, 306 Constantius Chlorus Roman Emperor from 293 to 306, commonly known as Constantius Chlorus. He was the father of Constantine the Great and founder of the Constantinian dynasty
July 26, 342 Emperor Cheng of Jin an emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. He was the eldest son of Emperor Ming and became the crown prince on April 1, 325. During his reign, the administration was largely dominated by a succession of regents—initially his uncle Yu Liang, then Wang Dao, then the joint administration of He Chong and another uncle Yu Bing. He became emperor at age four, and soon after his accession to the throne, the disastrous rebellion of Su Jun weakened Jin forces for decades
July 19, 379 Macrina the Younger a prominent saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Her younger brother, Saint Gregory of Nyssa, wrote about her life focusing heavily on her virginity and asceticism
July 20, 384 Pope Timothy I of Alexandria 22nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark.
July 15, 417 Pishoy an Egyptian desert father. He is said to have seen Jesus and that his body is preserved to the present day in incorruptibility at the Monastery of Saint Bishoy at the Nitrian Desert, Egypt. He is venerated by the Oriental Orthodox Churches and the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and is known in the latter under the Greek version of his name, Paisios
July 26, 432 Pope Celestine I Pope from 10 September 422 to his death in 432. According to the Liber Pontificalis, the start of his papacy was 3 November. However, Tillemont places the date at 10 September
July 28, 450 Theodosius II Eastern Roman Emperor from 408 to 450. He is mostly known for promulgating the Theodosian law code, and for the construction of the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople. He also presided over the outbreak of two great christological controversies, Nestorianism and Eutychianism
July 31, 450 Peter Chrysologus Bishop of Ravenna from about 433 until his death.
July 3, 458 Anatolius of Constantinople Patriarch of Constantinople.
July 11, 472 Anthemius Western Roman Emperor from 467 to 472.
July 31, 477 Pope Timothy II of Alexandria also known as Αἴλουρος/Aelurus , succeeded twice in supplanting the Chalcedonian Patriarch of Alexandria.
July 19, 514 Pope Symmachus Pope from 22 November 498 to his death in 514. His tenure was marked by a serious schism over who was legitimately elected pope by the citizens of Rome
July 9, 518 Anastasius I Dicorus Byzantine Emperor from 491 to 518. During his reign the Roman eastern frontier underwent extensive re-fortification, including the construction of Dara, a stronghold intended to counter the Persian fortress of Nisibis. During his reign was built one of the most fortified castle cities on the Adriatic Durrës Castle in Durrës
July 17, 521 Magnus Felix Ennodius Bishop of Pavia in 514, and a Latin rhetorician and poet.
July 12, 524 Viventiolus the Archbishop of Lyon , from the year of 514. Later canonized, his Feast Day is July 12
July 1, 552 Totila the penultimate King of the Ostrogoths, reigning from 541 to 552 A skilled military and political leader, Totila reversed the tide of Gothic War, recovering by 543 almost all the territories in Italy that the Eastern Roman Empire had captured from his Kingdom in 540.
July 13, 574 Pope John III Pope from 17 July 561 to his death in 574. He was born in Rome of a distinguished family. The Liber Pontificalis calls him a son of one Anastasius. His father bore the title illustris, more than likely being a vir illustris. According to the historian Evagrius, his birth name was Catelinus, but he took the name John on his accession
July 30, 578 Jacob Baradaeus Bishop of Edessa from 543 until his death. One of the most important figures in the history of the Syriac Orthodox Church, and the Oriental Orthodox churches generally, he was a defender of the Miaphysite movement in a time when its strength was declining. His instrumental efforts in reorganizing and revitalizing the community gave it its alternate name, the Jacobites
July 30, 579 Pope Benedict I Pope from 2 June 575 to his death in 579.
July 17, 607 Ali the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, ruling over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661. A son of Abu Talib, Ali was also the first male who accepted Islam. Sunnis consider Ali the fourth and final of the Rashidun , while Shias regard Ali as the first Imam after Muḥammad, and consider him and his descendants the rightful successors to Muhammad, all of whom are members of the Ahl al-Bayt, the household of Muhammad. This disagreement split the Ummah into the Sunni and Shi`i branches
July 2, 626 Li Jiancheng a crown prince of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty. He was the oldest son of the founding emperor Emperor Gaozu and therefore was designated crown prince after the founding of the dynasty in 618. However, although he himself was fairly capable as a general, he was overshadowed by the contributions of his younger brother Li Shimin the Prince of Qin, and the brothers contended for power for years, with Li Jiancheng aided by another younger brother, Li Yuanji the Prince of In 626, Li Shimin, fearing that Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji were about to kill him, laid an ambush for them at Xuanwu Gate outside the palace and killed them. Li Shimin then effectively forced Emperor Gaozu to yield the throne to him
July 2, 626 Li Yuanji an imperial prince of the Chinese Tang Dynasty. He was a son of the dynasty's founder Emperor Gaozu of Tang , and in the intense rivalry developed between his older brothers Li Jiancheng the Crown Prince and Li Shimin the Prince of Qin, he sided with Li Jiancheng and often advocated drastic actions against Li Shimin, including assassination. In 626, Li Shimin, fearing that Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji were about to kill him, laid an ambush for them at Xuanwu Gate outside the palace and killed them. Li Shimin then effectively forced Emperor Gaozu to yield the throne to him
July 11, 645 Soga no Emishi a statesman of the Yamato Imperial Court. His alternative names include Emishi and Toyora no Ōomi. After the death of his father Soga no Umako, Emishi took over Ōomi , the Minister of state, from his father
July 2, 649 Li Jing (general) a general and one time chancellor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty. In 630, Li Jing defeated the Eastern Tujue Jiali Khan Ashina Duobi with just 3,000 cavalry soldiers in a surprise attack, allowing Tang to subjugate Eastern Tujue and reduce it to a vassal state. He and Li Shiji were considered the two most prominent early Tang generals
July 6, 649 Goar of Aquitaine a priest and hermit of the seventh century. He was offered the position of Bishop of Trier, but died before accepting the position. He is noted for his piety, and is revered as a miracle-worker. He is a patron saint of innkeepers, potters, and vine growers
July 10, 649 Emperor Taizong of Tang the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649. As he encouraged his father, Li Yuan to rise against Sui Dynasty rule at Taiyuan in 617 and subsequently defeated several of his most important rivals, he was ceremonially regarded as a co-founder of the dynasty along with Emperor Gaozu
July 16, 678 Aisha one of Muhammad's wives. In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers" , per the description of Muhammad's wives in the Quran
July 8, 689 Saint Kilian an Irish missionary bishop and the Apostle of Franconia , where he began his labours towards the end of the 7th century. His feast day is July 8
July 18, 707 Emperor Monmu the 42nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
July 3, 710 Emperor Zhongzong of Tang the fourth Emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, ruling briefly in 684 and again from 705 to 710.
July 4, 712 Andrew of Crete For the martyr of 766 of the same name, see Andrew of Crete.
July 18, 715 Muhammad bin Qasim an Umayyad general who conquered the Sindh and Multan regions along the Indus River for the Umayyad Caliphate. He was born and raised in the city of Taif. Qasim's conquest of Sindh and southern-most parts of Multan enabled further Islamic expansion into India
July 16, 716 Emperor Ruizong of Tang the fifth and ninth emperor of Tang Dynasty. He was the eighth son of Emperor Gaozong and the fourth son of Emperor Gaozong's second wife Empress Wu
July 30, 734 Tatwine the tenth Archbishop of Canterbury from 731 to 734. Prior to becoming archbishop, he was a monk and abbot of a Benedictine monastery. Besides his ecclesiastical career, Tatwine was a writer, and riddles he composed survive. Another work he composed was on the grammar of the Latin language, which was aimed at advanced students of that language. He was subsequently considered a saint
July 15, 756 Yang Guifei known as one of the Four Beauties of ancient China. She was the beloved consort of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang during his later years
July 24, 759 Oswulf of Northumbria king of Northumbria from 758 to 759. He succeeded his father Eadberht, who had abdicated and joined the monastery at York. Oswulf's uncle was Ecgbert, Archbishop of York
July 10, 772 Amalberga of Temse celebrated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. She is especially venerated in Temse, Ghent, Munsterbilzen and other parts of Flanders. Many miracles, such as crossing a river on a giant fish, are attributed to her
July 12, 783 Bertrada of Laon a Frankish queen. She was the wife of Pepin the Short and the mother of Charlemagne, Carloman and Gisela
July 16, 784 Fulrad born in 710 into a wealthy family, and died on July 16, 784 as the Abbot of Denis. He was the counselor of both Pippin and Charlemagne. Historians see Fulrad as important due to his significance in the rise of the Frankish Kingdom, and the insight he gives into early Carolingian society. He was noted to be have been always on the side on Charlemagne, especially during the attack from the Saxons on Regnum Franserum , and the Royal Mandatum. Other historians have taken a closer look at Fulrad’s interactions with the papacy. When Fulrad was the counselor of Pepin he was closely in contact with the papacy to gain approval for Pepin’s appoint as King of the Franks. During his time under Charlemagne, he had dealings with the papacy again for different reasons. When he became Abbot of Denis , Fulrad’s life became important in the lives of distinct historical figures in various ways during his period as Denis’s abbot during the mid-eighth century. Saint Fulrad’s Feast Day is on July 16
July 29, 796 Offa of Mercia King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death in July 796. The son of Thingfrith and a descendant of Eowa, Offa came to the throne after a period of civil war following the assassination of Æthelbald. Offa defeated the other claimant, Beornred. In the early years of Offa's reign, it is likely that he consolidated his control of midland peoples such as the Hwicce and the Magonsæte. Taking advantage of instability in the kingdom of Kent to establish himself as overlord, Offa also controlled Sussex by 771, though his authority did not remain unchallenged in either territory. In the 780s he extended Mercian Supremacy over most of southern England, allying with Beorhtric of Wessex, who married Offa's daughter Eadburh, and regained complete control of the southeast. He also became the overlord of East Anglia and had King Æthelberht II of East Anglia beheaded in 794, perhaps for rebelling against him
July 8, 810 Pepin of Italy the son of Charlemagne and King of the Lombards under the authority of his father.
July 26, 811 Nikephoros I Byzantine Emperor from 802 to 811, when he was killed in the Battle of Pliska.
July 17, 855 Pope Leo IV Pope from 10 April 847 to his death in 855.
July 2, 862 Swithun an Anglo-Saxon bishop of Winchester and subsequently patron saint of Winchester Cathedral. His historical importance as bishop is overshadowed by his reputation for posthumous miracle-working. According to tradition, the weather on his feast day will continue for forty days. The precise meaning and origin of Swithun's name is unknown, but it most likely derives from the Old English word swiþ, 'strong'
July 1, 868 Ali al-Hadi the tenth of the Twelve Imams. His full name is ‘Alī ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Alī. The exact date of his birth and death are unknown, but it is generally accepted that he was born between 827–830 CE and he died in 868 CE
July 9, 880 Ariwara no Narihira a Japanese waka poet and aristocrat. He was one of six waka poets referred in the preface in kana to Kokin Wakashū by Ki no Tsurayuki, and has been named as the hero of The Tales of Ise, whose hero was an anonym in itself but most of whose love affairs could be attributed to Narihira