Born on June 1

932 Thietmar Count of Merseburg the military tutor of Henry the Fowler while he was the heir and then duke of the Duchy of Saxony. He probably kept a small body of elite retainers armed with the latest in military technology and well-supplied with expensive horses
1076 Mstislav I of Kiev the Grand Prince of Kiev , the eldest son of Vladimir II Monomakh by Gytha of Wessex. He figures prominently in the Norse Sagas under the name Harald, taken to allude to his grandfather, Harold II of England. Mstislav's Christian name was Theodore
1134 Geoffrey Count of Nantes Count of Nantes from 1156 to 1158. He was also known as Geoffrey of Anjou and Geoffrey FitzEmpress
1186 Minamoto no Yukiie the brother of Minamoto no Yoshitomo, and one of the commanders of the Minamoto forces in the Genpei War at the end of the Heian period of Japanese history.
1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl of Norfolk the son of Edward I of England and Margaret of France and a younger half-brother of Edward II.
1455 Anne of Savoy the first wife of King Frederick She died 16 years before he succeeded to the Neapolitan throne, so she was never queen consort. Anne was a member of the House of Savoy, and through her mother Yolande of France, she was a granddaughter of King Charles VII of France
1480 Tiedemann Giese a member of the patrician Giese family of Danzig. His father was Albrecht Giese and his brother, the Hanseatic League merchant Georg Giese. Another relative was Albrecht Giese. Tiedemann became Bishop of Culm first canon, later Prince-Bishop of Warmia
1498 Maarten van Heemskerck a Dutch portrait and religious painter, who spent most of his career in Haarlem. He was a pupil of Jan van Scorel, and adopted his teacher's Italian-influenced style. He spent the years 1532–6 in Italy. He produced many designs for engravers, and is especially known for his depictions of the Wonders of the World
1503 Wilhelm von Grumbach a German adventurer, chiefly known through his connection with the so-called “Grumbach Feud” , the last attempt of the Imperial Knights to prevail against the power of the territorial Princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
1563 Robert Cecil 1st Earl of Salisbury an English administrator and politician.
1569 Sophia of Holstein-Gottorp regent of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1603 to 1608.
1590 Isaac Manasses de Pas Marquis de Feuquieres a French soldier.
1630 Carlo Barberini an Italian Catholic cardinal and member of the Barberini family. He was the grand-nephew of Maffeo Barberini and son of Taddeo Barberini
1633 Geminiano Montanari an Italian astronomer, lens-maker, and proponent of the experimental approach to science.
1637 Jacques Marquette Father Jacques Marquette S.J. sometimes known as Père Marquette or James Marquette, was a French Jesuit missionary who founded Michigan's first European settlement, Sault Ste. Marie, and later founded Ignace, Michigan. In 1673 Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River
1653 Georg Muffat a Baroque composer. He is most well known for the remarkably articulate and informative performance directions printed along with his collections of string pieces Florilegium Primum and Florilegium Secundum in 1695 and 1698
1658 Martyn Pushkar a polkovnyk of Poltava's Cossack regiment known for his loyalty to Muscovy. Together with Iakiv Barabash Pushkar led a pro-Muscovy uprising against Ukrainian hetman Ivan Vyhovsky in 1657. After inflicting several defeats on Vyhovsky's Cossacks and his Polish allies, Martyn Pushkar was killed in a battle near his native Poltava on 1 June 1658. His rebellion ended in failure. He founded Exaltation of the Cross Monastery built in a Cossack Baroque style in Poltava, to commemorate a victory over the Poles
1659 Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1673 Louise Françoise de Bourbon Duchess of Bourbon the eldest surviving legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan. She was said to have been named after her godmother, Louise de La Vallière, the woman that her mother had replaced as the king's mistress. Prior to her marriage, she was known at court as Mademoiselle de Nantes
1675 Francesco Scipione marchese di Maffei an Italian writer and art critic, author of many articles and plays. An antiquarian with a humanist education whose publications on Etruscan antiquities stand as incunabula of Etruscology, he engaged in running skirmishes in print with his rival in the field of antiquities, Antonio Francesco Gori
1693 Alexey Bestuzhev-Ryumin one of the most influential and successful European diplomats of the 18th century. He was chiefly responsible for Russian foreign policy during the reign of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna
1719 Jean-Baptiste Le Carpentier a French political activist from Normandy.
1751 John Abbot (entomologist) an American entomologist and ornithologist. He was born on 31 May or 1 June 1751 in London and died on December 1840 or January 1841 in Bulloch County in Georgia
1754 Ferdinand Duke of Breisgau a son of Holy Roman Emperor Franz I and Maria Theresa of Austria. He was the founder of the House of Austria-Este and Governor of the Duchy of Milan between 1765 and 1796. He was also designated as the heir to the Duchies of Modena and Reggio, but never reigned owing to the Napoleonic Wars
1762 Edmund Ignatius Rice a Roman Catholic missionary and educationalist. Edmund was the founder of two religious institutes of religious brothers: the Congregation of Christian Brothers and the Presentation Brothers
1765 Christiane Vulpius the mistress and wife of Johann Wolfgang Goethe.
1769 Johannes Scherbius a German physician and botanist.
1769 Józef Elsner a composer, music teacher, and music theoretician, active mainly in Warsaw. He was one of the first composers in Poland to weave elements of folk music into his works
1770 Friedrich Laun a German novelist, who wrote under the pen name Friedrich Laun. Schulze was born in Dresden. His first novel, Der Mann, auf Freiersfüssen , was favorably received. He wrote many volumes, and with Johann August Apel edited a ghost story anthology Das Gespensterbuch
1776 Giuseppe Zamboni an Italian Roman Catholic priest and physicist who invented the Zamboni pile, an early electric battery similar to the Voltaic pile.
1780 Carl von Clausewitz a German general and military theorist who stressed the "moral" and political aspects of war. His most notable work, Vom Kriege , was unfinished at his death. Clausewitz was a realist and used the more rationalist ideas of the European Enlightenment. His thinking is often described as Hegelian because of his references to dialectical thinking but, although he was probably personally acquainted with Hegel, there remains debate as to whether or not Clausewitz was in fact a disciple. He stressed the dialectical interaction of diverse factors, noting how unexpected developments unfolding under the "fog of war" call for rapid decisions by alert commanders. He saw history as a vital check on erudite abstractions that did not accord with experience. In contrast to Antoine-Henri Jomini, he argued that war could not be quantified or reduced to mapwork, geometry, and graphs. Clausewitz had many aphorisms, of which the most famous is one that he himself never wrote: "War is the continuation of Politik by other means" , a description that has since won wide acceptance. Instead, Clausewitz actually wrote: "War is the continuation of Politik with other means". The inclusion of the German preposition "mit" changes the content of the sentence radically
1782 Ferdinand von Tiesenhausen a Russian noble and military officer of German Baltic origin.
1790 Solomon Judah Loeb Rapoport a Galician rabbi and Jewish scholar. He was born in Lemberg, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. He married in 1810 the daughter of the famed Aryeh Leib Heller, and was instrumental in publishing the work Avnei Miluim of his father in law. He wrote both the index, sources and numerous comments
1790 Ferdinand Raimund an Austrian actor and dramatist.
1792 Sir James Graham 2nd Baronet a British statesman. He was descended from a family long famous in the history of the English border. He was the eldest son of Sir James Graham, 1st Baronet, by Lady Catherine, eldest daughter of the 7th Earl of Galloway. In 1819, he married Fanny Callender, youngest daughter of James Campbell, of Ardkinglas. Sir James was created LL.D. at Cambridge in 1835, was Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, 1840. He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1830 to 1834 when he resigned on account of the government pressing for a reform of the Irish Church. He became Secretary of the Home Department from September 1841 to July 1846 and again First Lord of the Admiralty from December 1852 until February 1855. He was a member of the Council of the Duchy of Lancaster, and Deputy Lieutenant for county of Hertfordshire. He represented Hull from 1818 to 1820; for St Ives in 1820; for Carlisle from 1826 until 1829; for East Cumberland from 1830 until 1837; for Pembrokeshire District from 1838 until 1841; for Dorchester from 1841 until 1847; for Ripon from 1847 until July 1852; and was again returned for Carlisle from 1852 until his death in 1861. Graham Land in Antarctica is named after him
1796 John Rae (economist) a Scottish/Canadian economist. He was born to an unknown mother and a merchant father whose bankruptcy caused him to move to Montreal in 1822, after he graduated from the University of Aberdeen. Later, he moved to Williamston and Hamiliton in Ontario, Canada where his wife died of cholera. He was well acquainted with the Scottish/Canadian community and affiliated with the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. In Canada he worked as a timber trader, schoolteacher and a doctor. In 1834, he moved to Boston and New York where he also worked as a teacher. He went on to Central America where he was a physician, and he moved with the gold-miners to California in 1849, and a couple years later, poor and sick of malaria, he finds enough money to board a ship to the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi where he worked as many different professions. He was a medical officer for the Hawaiian Board of Health and vaccinated a number of native children of smallpox. He was geologist and wrote papers on the geology of the islands. He was also a historian in Hāna, Maui, writings articles for the newspaper Polynesian. He also wrote a number of manuscripts, but these were lost in a fire at Lahainaluna Seminary. His most famous work was the Statement of Some New Principles on the Subject of Political Economy. Influenced by both Adam Smith and David Hume, his influence lingered all the way to the 20th century. So much so that economist Irving Fisher and Austrian economist Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk prefaced their work with Rae's, thanking him for contributions to modern economics while very few had heard of his work
1796 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot a French military engineer and physicist, often described as the "father of thermodynamics". In his only publication, the 1824 monograph Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire, Carnot gave the first successful theory of the maximum efficiency of heat engines. Carnot's work attracted little attention during his lifetime, but it was later used by Rudolf Clausius and Lord Kelvin to formalize the second law of thermodynamics and define the concept of entropy
1800 Edward Deas Thomson an Australian administrator, politician and chancellor of the University of Sydney.
1801 Brigham Young an American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement and a settler of the Western United States. He was the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death in 1877. He founded Salt Lake City and he served as the first governor of the Utah Territory. Young also led the foundings of the precursors to the University of Utah and Brigham Young University
1804 Mikhail Glinka often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music. Glinka's compositions were an important influence on future Russian composers, notably the members of The Five, who took Glinka's lead and produced a distinctive Russian style of music
1806 John B. Floyd the 31st Governor of Virginia, U.S. Secretary of War, and the Confederate general in the American Civil War who lost the crucial Battle of Fort Donelson
1807 Emily Donelson the niece of U.S. President Andrew Jackson. She served as White House hostess and First Lady of the United States
1814 François Ponsard a French dramatist, poet and author and was a member of the Académie française.
1815 Otto of Greece a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London. He reigned until his deposition in 1862
1816 Otto Müller (novelist) a German novelist.
1819 Francis V Duke of Modena Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola, Duke of Guastalla , Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara from 1846 to 1859. His parents were Francis IV of Modena and of Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy. He was the last reigning duke of Modena before the duchy was incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy
1819 Otto Wilhelm Furuhjelm a Russian lieutenant-general of Finnish descent.
1820 Adolf Ebert a Romance philologist and literary historian from Austria. He was an author of literary studies as well as a publisher of periodicals, including the Jahrbuch für Romanische und Englische Literatur
1823 Henry Youle Hind a Canadian geologist and explorer. He was born in Nottingham, England, and immigrated to Toronto, Ontario in 1846. He taught chemistry and geology at Trinity College in Toronto
1825 John Hunt Morgan a Confederate general and cavalry officer in the American Civil War.