Died on June 1

193 Didius Julianus Roman Emperor for nine weeks during the year 193.
195 Emperor Gaozu of Han the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty. He ruled China from 202–195 He was one of the few dynasty founders in Chinese history who emerged from the peasant class. Liu Bang initially served as a minor patrol officer in his hometown, Pei County , under the Qin dynasty. Sometime in the 210s or 200s BC, he rebelled against the Qin government by releasing a group of convicts he was escorting to Mount Li to construct Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum, after which he and his followers became outlaws and took shelter on Mount Mangdang. In 208 BC, when rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin Empire, Liu Bang formed his own army and participated in the insurrection. He gave himself the title "Duke of Pei" and emerged as one of the most prominent rebel leaders after taking control of Pei County and some counties. After the fall of Qin in 206 BC, Xiang Yu, the de facto chief of the rebel forces, divided the former Qin Empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms. He declared himself the king of Western Chu and appointed 17 former rebel leaders – including Liu Bang – as the rulers of the other kingdoms. Liu Bang was the "King of Han" and his domain was in the remote Bashu region. Later that year, Liu Bang led his forces out of Bashu and attacked and conquered the Three Qins, three of the Eighteen Kingdoms which were nearest to his domain. From 206–202 BC, Liu Bang engaged Xiang Yu in a long power struggle, historically known as the Chu–Han Contention, for supremacy over China, while concurrently invading and subjugating the other kingdoms. In 202 BC, the war concluded with victory for Liu Bang, who succeeded in unifying most of China under his control. Liu Bang established the Han dynasty and was proclaimed Emperor that year. During his reign, Liu Bang reduced taxes and corvée, promoted Confucianism, and suppressed revolts by the rulers of some vassal states, among other things. He also initiated the policy of heqin to maintain peace between the Han Empire and the Xiongnu after he lost to the Xiongnu at the Battle of Baideng in 200 Liu Bang died in 195 BC and was succeeded by his son, Liu Ying
352 Ran Min a military leader during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China and the only emperor of the short-lived state Ran Wei. Ran is an uncommon Chinese family name. He was known for committing the genocide of the Jie people under Later Zhao
657 Pope Eugene I Pope from 10 August 654 to his death in 657. He was a native of Rome, born to one Rufinianus
1095 Agapetus of the Kiev Caves an Orthodox Christian saint and doctor, monk of Kiev Pechersk Lavra. He was born in Kiev and was later taught and admitted to monastic vows by Saint Anthony of Kiev. Agapetus was known for his free of charge medical services for poor people
1220 Henry de Bohun 1st Earl of Hereford an Anglo-Norman nobleman.
1310 Marguerite Porete a French mystic and the author of The Mirror of Simple Souls, a work of Christian spirituality dealing with the workings of Divine Love. She was burnt at the stake for heresy in Paris in 1310 after a lengthy trial, after refusing to remove her book from circulation or recant her views. The book is cited as one the primary texts of the medieval Heresy of the Free Spirit
1432 Dan II of Wallachia a voivode of the principality of Wallachia in the 15th Century, ruling an extraordinary five times, and succeeded four times by Radu II Chelul, his rival for the throne. Of those five periods on the throne of Wallachia , four were within a period of only seven years
1434 Władysław II Jagiełło Grand Duke of Lithuania , King of Poland alongside his wife Jadwiga, and then sole King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377. In 1386 in Kraków he was baptized as Władysław, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. In 1387 he converted Lithuania to Christianity. His own reign in Poland started in 1399, upon death of Queen Jadwiga, and lasted a further thirty-five years and laid the foundation for the centuries-long Polish–Lithuanian union. He was the founder of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland that bears his name and was the heir to the already established house of Gediminids in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. These royal dynasties ruled both states until 1572, and became one of the most influential dynasties in the late medieval and early modern Central and Eastern Europe. During his reign, the Polish-Lithuanian state was the largest state in the Christian world
1453 Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Younger a highly influential Ottoman grand vizier under the sultans Murad II and, for the first few years of his reign, Mehmed He was a member of the Çandarlı family, a highly influential political family in the Ottoman Empire. His grandfather and namesake, Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha , also earlier served as grand vizier, under Murad I
1571 John Story an English Roman Catholic martyr.
1608 Marie Eleonore of Cleves a Duchess consort of Prussia as the wife of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia. She was the eldest child of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria
1616 Tokugawa Ieyasu the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shogun in 1603, abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616. His given name is sometimes spelled Iyeyasu, according to the historical pronunciation of Ieyasu was posthumously enshrined at Nikkō Tōshō-gū with the name Tōshō Daigongen
1625 Honoré d'Urfé a French novelist and miscellaneous writer.
1639 Melchior Franck a German composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was a hugely prolific composer of Protestant church music, especially motets, and assisted in bringing the stylistic innovations of the Venetian School north across the Alps into Germany
1660 Mary Dyer an English and colonial American Puritan turned Quaker who was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, for repeatedly defying a Puritan law banning Quakers from the colony. She is one of the four executed Quakers known as the Boston martyrs
1662 Zhu Youlang the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China. His era name means "Perpetual calendar"
1664 Michiel Sweerts a Flemish painter of the Baroque period, active in Rome in the style of the Bamboccianti. The Bamboccianti were known for depicting genre scenes of daily life, but Sweerts's contributions to this genre display greater stylistic mastery and social-philosophical sensitivity than many of his colleagues in this "school." Highly successful in Rome during his years there, Sweerts's reputation suffered a severe collapse not long after his death, lasting centuries; but thanks especially to the 2002 international monographic exhibition devoted entirely to him, Michael Sweerts: 1618–1664, he has begun once again to enjoy the esteem his work clearly merits
1676 Claes Uggla a Swedish military officer of the 17th century, who served in both the army and the navy, reaching the rank of Admiral before he was killed in action during the naval Battle of Öland.
1681 Cornelis Saftleven a Dutch Golden Age painter.
1710 David Mitchell (Royal Navy officer) a Scottish admiral. He descended from "a family of good repute, more distinguished for integrity than for riches", and was apprenticed at 16 to the master of a trading vessel from Leith, Edinburgh
1740 Samuel Werenfels a Swiss theologian. He was a major figure in the move towards a "reasonable orthodoxy" in Swiss Reformed theology
1748 Qamar-ud-din Khan Asif Jah I a Mughal and Turkic nobleman the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty. He established the Hyderabad state, and ruled it from 1724 to 1748. He is also known by his titles Chin Qilich Khan , Nizam-ul-Mulk and Asaf Jah
1769 Edward Holyoke an early American clergyman, and the 9th President of Harvard College.
1795 Pierre-Joseph Desault a French anatomist and surgeon.
1815 Louis-Alexandre Berthier a Marshal and Vice-Constable of France beginning in 1808, and Chief of Staff under Napoleon.
1817 Sugita Genpaku a Japanese scholar known for his translation of Kaitai Shinsho.
1823 Louis-Nicolas Davout a Marshal of the Empire during the Napoleonic Era. His prodigious talent for war along with his reputation as a stern disciplinarian, earned him the title "The Iron Marshal". He is ranked along with Masséna and Lannes as one of Napoleon's finest commanders. He was one of the few commanders during the Napoleonic Wars who was never defeated on the field. His loyalty and obedience to Napoleon were absolute. During his lifetime, Davout's name was commonly spelled Davoust, which is how it appears on the Arc de Triomphe and in much of the correspondence between Napoleon and his generals
1825 Papaflessas a Greek patriot, priest, and government official of the old Flessas Family. The prefix papa- in the name "Papaflessas" indicates his status as a cleric since the word means "priest" in Greek. He was ordained to the highest position of the priesthood, Archimandrites, in 1819. He served as Minister of Internal Affairs and Chief of Police in the government of Alexander Mavrocordatos. Papaflessas was killed during the Battle of Maniaki on May 20, 1825, fighting against the forces of Ibrahim Pasha at Maniaki, Messinia
1826 J. F. Oberlin Oberlin was a French pastor from Alsace and a philanthropist. He has been known as John Frederic Oberlin in English, Jean-Frédéric Oberlin in French, and Johann Friedrich Oberlin in German
1828 Frank Abney Hastings a British naval officer and Philhellene.
1830 Swaminarayan the central figure in a modern sect of Hinduism known as the Swaminarayan Hinduism, a form of Vaishnavism. Swaminarayan was born Ghanshyam Pande in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1781. In 1792, he began a seven year pilgrimage across India, adopting the name Nilkanth Varni. He settled in the state of Gujarat around 1799. In 1800, he was initiated into the Uddhav Sampraday by his guru, Ramanand Swami, and was given the name Sahajanand Swami. In 1802, his guru handed over the leadership of the Uddhav Sampraday to him before his death. Sahajanand Swami held a gathering and taught the Swaminarayan mantra. From this point onwards, he was known as Swaminarayan and within the sect, he is regarded as an incarnation of God, Purushottama, or is venerated as an incarnation of Narayana from the Nara-Narayana deity pair by his followers. The Uddhav Sampraday became known as the Swaminarayan Sampraday
1832 Jean Maximilien Lamarque a French commander during the Napoleonic Wars who later became a member of French Parliament. Lamarque served with distinction in many of Napoleon's campaigns. He was particularly noted for his capture of Capri from the British, and for his defeat of Royalist forces in the Vendée in 1815. The latter campaign received great praise from Napoleon, who said Lamarque had "performed wonders, and even surpassed my hopes"
1833 Oliver Wolcott Jr. United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1795 to 1800 and the 24th Governor of Connecticut from 1817 to 1827.
1834 Jean-Baptiste Mailhe a politician during the French Revolution. He gave his name to ""the Mailhe amendment", which sought to delay the execution of Louis XVI
1841 Nicolas Appert the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the "father of canning", was a confectioner
1841 David Wilkie (artist) a Scottish painter.
1843 Karl von Grolman a Prussian general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
1846 Pope Gregory XVI born Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari EC, reigned from 2 February 1831 to his death in 1846. He had adopted the name Mauro upon entering the religious order of the Camaldolese
1854 Josipina Turnograjska one of the first Slovene female writers, poets, and composers.
1860 José María Melo a Colombian general and politician of Pijao ancestry, who fought in the South American wars of independence, and who in 1854 rose to power and held the presidency of Colombia.
1861 John Quincy Marr a Virginia militia company captain and the first Confederate soldier killed by a Union soldier in combat in the American Civil War. Marr was killed at the Battle of Fairfax Court House , Virginia on June 1, 1861. He had been a delegate to the Virginia Secession Convention and ultimately supported secession of Virginia from the Union after initially opposing it
1864 Hong Xiuquan a Hakka Chinese who led the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty, establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom over varying portions of southern China, with himself as the "Heavenly King" and self-proclaimed brother of Jesus Christ.
1867 Karl Georg Christian von Staudt now called Rothenburg ob der Tauber in Germany. From 1814 he studied in Gymnasium in Ausbach. He attended the University of Göttingen from 1818 to 1822 where he studied with Gauss who was director of the observatory. Staudt provided an ephemeris for the orbits of Mars and the asteroid Pallas. When in 1821 Comet Nicollet-Pons was observed, he provided the elements of its orbit. These accomplishments in astronomy earned him his doctorate from University of Erlangen in 1822
1868 James Buchanan the 15th President of the United States , serving immediately prior to the American Civil War. He is, to date, the only president from Pennsylvania and the only president to remain a lifelong bachelor
1872 James Gordon Bennett Sr. the founder, editor and publisher of the New York Herald and a major figure in the history of American newspapers.
1872 John Sandfield Macdonald the first Premier of the province of Ontario, one of the four founding provinces created at the confederation of Canada in 1867. He served as both premier and Attorney-General of Ontario from July 16, 1867, to December 20, 1871
1873 Joseph Howe a Nova Scotian journalist, politician, and public servant. He is one of Nova Scotia's greatest and best-loved politicians. His considerable skills as a journalist and writer have made him a Nova Scotia legend
1874 Karl Emanuel Jansson Very early in life, he became interested in drawing and painting. His art studies in Turku, Stockholm and Düsseldorf were financially supported by the Finnish Art Society. For his paintings "Ace of Clubs" and "The Speaker" he was awarded a medal at the 1873 world exhibition in Vienna
1875 Bellamy Storer (1796–1875) a U.S. Representative from Ohio, father of Bellamy Storer