June 1 events in history

193 The Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated
1215 Zhongdu (now Beijing), then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Zhongdu
1252 Alfonso X is elected King of Castile and León
1298 Residents of Riga and Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Livonian Order in the Battle of Turaida
1495 Friar John Cor records the first known batch of Scotch whisky
1533 Anne Boleyn is crowned Queen of England
1535 Combined forces loyal to Charles V attack and expel the Ottomans from Tunis during the Conquest of Tunis
1648 The Roundheads defeat the Cavaliers at the Battle of Maidstone in the Second English Civil War
1649 Start of the Sumuroy Revolt: Filipinos in Northern Samar led by Agustin Sumuroy revolt against Spanish colonial authorities
1660 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1670 In Dover, England, Charles II of Great Britain and Louis XIV of France sign the secret treaty of Dover, which will force England into the Third Anglo-Dutch War
1679 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog
1779 Benedict Arnold, a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, is court-martialed for malfeasance
1792 Kentucky is admitted as the 15th state of the United States
1794 The battle of the Glorious First of June is fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars
1812 War of 1812: The U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom
1813 James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, gives his final order: "Don't give up the ship!"
1815 Napoleon promulgates a revised Constitution after it passes a plebiscite
1831 James Clark Ross discovers the Magnetic North Pole
1855 The American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua
1857 Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du mal is published
1861 American Civil War, Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1861): the first land battle of the American Civil War after the Battle of Fort Sumter, producing the first Confederate combat casualty
1862 American Civil War, Peninsula Campaign: the Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory
1868 The Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico
1879 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War
1890 The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns
1910 Robert Falcon Scott's second South Pole expedition leaves Cardiff
1913 The Greek–Serbian Treaty of Alliance is signed, paving the way for the Second Balkan War
1916 Louis Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court
1918 World War I, Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince
1921 Tulsa Race Riot: civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1922 The Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded
1929 The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America is held in Buenos Aires
1939 First flight of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter-bomber airplane
1941 The Farhud, a pogrom of Iraqi Jews, takes place in Baghdad
1941 World War II: the Battle of Crete ends as Crete capitulates to Germany
1943 British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing the actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation that its shooting down was an attempt to kill the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
1946 Ion Antonescu, "Conducator" (leader) of Romania during World War II, is executed
1958 Charles de Gaulle comes out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months
1960 New Zealand's first official television broadcast commences at 7.30 pm from Auckland
1962 The Pilkington Committee on Broadcasting concludes, among other things, that the British public did not want commercial radio broadcasting
1963 Kenya gains internal self-rule (Madaraka Day)
1967 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles is released
1974 Flixborough disaster: an explosion at a chemical plant kills 28 people
1974 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine
1978 The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty are filed
1979 The first black-led government of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 90 years takes power
1980 Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting
1990 George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production
2001 Nepalese royal massacre: Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal shoots and kills several members of his family including his father and mother, King Birendra of Nepal and Queen Aiswarya