Born on June 10

871 Odo I Count of Troyes the Count of Troyes from 852 to 859.
940 Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī a Persian mathematician and astronomer who worked in Baghdad. He made important innovations in spherical trigonometry, and his work on arithmetics for businessmen contains the first instance of using negative numbers in a medieval Islamic text
1213 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi Fakhr al-dīn Ibrahīm ‘Irāqī , Persian Sufi master, poet and writer.
1493 Anton Fugger a German merchant and member of the Fugger family. He was a nephew of Jacob Fugger
1513 Louis Duke of Montpensier the second Duke of Montpensier. He was the great great grandfather of la Grande Mademoiselle
1531 Przecław Lanckoroński a notable member of the Polish szlachta, a knight often identified as the first hetman of the Cossacks in service of Poland, as well as a landowner and starost of Chmielnik, title awarded in modern Ukraine.
1557 Leandro Bassano an Italian artist from Bassano del Grappa, the younger brother of Francesco Bassano the Younger and third son of Jacopo Bassano, who took their name from their town of Bassano del Grappa. Leandro studied with his brother in their father's workshop, but took over the studio when Francesco opened a workshop in Venice. Leandro followed in the tradition of his father’s religious works, but also became well known as a portrait painter
1595 Aegidius Gelenius one of the most respected Cologne historians of his time. He had also at his disposal some Roman age sources that are not in existence today
1618 François Blondel a soldier, engineer of fortifications, diplomat, civil engineer and military architect, called "the Great Blondel", to distinguish him in a dynasty of French architects. He is remembered for his Cours d'architecture which remained a central text for over a century. His precepts placed him in opposition with Claude Perrault in the larger culture war known under the heading Querelle des anciens et des modernes. If François Blondel was not the most highly reputed among the académiciens of his day, his were the writings that most generally circulated among the general public, the Cours de Mathématiques, the Art de jetter les Bombes, the Nouvelle manière de fortifier les places and, above all his Cours d'Architecture
1632 Esprit Fléchier a French preacher and author, Bishop of Nîmes from 1687 to 1710.
1657 James Craggs the Elder an English politician and the father of James Craggs the Younger.
1688 James Francis Edward Stuart the son of the deposed James II of England and Ireland. As such, he claimed the English, Scottish and Irish thrones from the death of his father in 1701, when he was recognised as king of England, Scotland and Ireland by his cousin Louis XIV of France. Following his death in 1766, he was succeeded by his son Charles Edward Stuart in the Jacobite Succession. Had his father not been deposed, there would have been only two monarchs during his lifetime; his father and himself. In reality, there were seven; his father, William III, Mary II, Anne, George I, George II and George III. Although the ruling Protestant Stuarts died out with his half-sister, Queen Anne, the last remaining Stuarts were James and his sons, and their endeavours to reclaim the throne while remaining devoted to their Catholic faith are remembered in history as Jacobitism
1705 Charles Frederick Albert Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Prussian military officer and the Herrenmeister of the Order of Saint John.
1713 Princess Caroline of Great Britain the fourth child and third daughter of George II.
1727 Ernest Frederick III Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
1729 Aleksandr Bibikov a Russian statesman and military officer.
1737 Ruth Blay executed by hanging after being convicted of concealing the body of her illegitimate child in the floor of the barn next to the house in which she was staying. She was granted 3 reprieves before the execution. Blay was the last female executed by New Hampshire
1738 Hubert Maurer an Austrian painter, draughtsman, and teacher.
1753 William Eustis an early American physician, politician, and statesman from Massachusetts. Trained in medicine, he served as a military surgeon during the American Revolutionary War, notably at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He resumed medical practice after the war, but soon entered politics
1756 Pierre-Joseph Cambon a French statesman.
1762 Georg Friedrich Benecke a German philologist.
1762 María Cayetana de Silva 13th Duchess of Alba a Spanish aristocrat and a popular subject of the painter Francisco de Goya y Lucientes.
1782 Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière baron de Barante a French statesman and historian.
1791 Václav Hanka a Czech philologist.
1799 Fyodor Bruni a Russian artist of Italian descent who worked in the Academic style.
1803 Henry Darcy a French engineer who made several important contributions to hydraulics.
1804 Hermann Schlegel a German ornithologist and herpetologist.
1808 Frederik Kaiser a Dutch astronomer. He was director of the Leiden Observatory from 1838 until his death
1814 Ludwig Redtenbacher an Austrian doctor and entomologist mainly interested in beetles. He was the brother of chemist Josef Redtenbacher
1816 Johann Georg Rosenhain a German mathematician who introduced theta characteristics.
1818 Clara Novello an acclaimed soprano, the fourth daughter of Vincent Novello, a musician and music publisher, and his wife, Mary Sabilla Hehl.
1819 Gustave Courbet a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. His independence set an example that was important to later artists, such as the Impressionists and the Cubists. Courbet occupies an important place in 19th-century French painting as an innovator and as an artist willing to make bold social statements through his work
1822 James Archer (artist) a Scottish painter of portraits, genre works, landscapes and historical scenes.
1822 John Jacob Astor III a financier, philanthropist, and a prominent member of the Astor family. He was the eldest son of real estate businessman William Backhouse Astor, and Margaret Rebecca Armstrong , a nephew of occasional poet John Jacob Astor, , and a grandson of fur-trader John Jacob Astor , Sarah Cox Todd , Senator John Armstrong, and Alida Livingston of the Livingston family. John Jacob III became the wealthiest member of the Astor family in his generation and the founder of the English branch of the Astor family. His younger brother businessman William Backhouse Astor, was the patriarch of the male line of American Astors
1825 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria the seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
1825 Sondre Norheim a Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing. Sondre Norheim is known as the father of Telemark skiing
1831 Wilhelm Mayer (composer) an Austro-Bohemian composer who published his works under the name A. Rémy. He was also a noted teacher, whose pupils included Ferruccio Busoni and Felix Weingartner. His name sometimes appears as Wilhelm Mayer-Rémy
1832 Jules Vallès a French journalist and author.
1832 Nikolaus Otto the German engineer of the first internal-combustion engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber. Though the concept of four strokes, with the vital compression of the mixture before ignition, had been invented and patented in 1861 by Alphonse Beau de Rochas, Otto was the first to make it practical
1832 Edwin Arnold most known for his work, The Light of Asia.
1832 Stephen Mosher Wood an American politician. Wood represented Chase County, Kansas in the Kansas House of Representatives in 1871 and 1875, and was a member of the Kansas Senate in 1876 after replacing R. Peters who resigned
1835 Ferdinand IV Grand Duke of Tuscany the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I
1835 Rebecca Latimer Felton an American writer, lecturer, reformer, and politician who became the first woman to serve in the United States Senate. She was the most prominent woman in Georgia in the Progressive Era, and was honored by appointment to the Senate. She was sworn in November 21, 1922, and served just 24 hours. At 87 years, nine months, and 22 days old, she was the oldest freshman senator to enter the Senate. To date, she is also the only woman to have served as a Senator from Georgia. Her husband William Harrell Felton was a member of the United States House of Representatives and Georgia House of Representatives and she ran his campaigns. She was a prominent society woman; an advocate of prison reform, women's suffrage and educational modernization; and one of the few prominent women who spoke in favor of lynching. Bartley reports that by 1915 she "was championing a lengthy feminist program that ranged from prohibition to equal pay for equal work."
1838 Marguerite Bellanger a French stage actress and courtesan. She was a celebrity of contemporary France and known for her relationship with Napoleon III of France. She was often caricatured in contemporary press and is considered to be the model for Émile Zola's Nana. A candy is also named after her
1839 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg a Danish politician, a descendant of Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, who was Minister of State of Denmark. He was Council President of Denmark for two months, from 16 August to 28 October 1909, as the leader of the Cabinet of Holstein-Ledreborg. He also served as Defence Minister of Denmark from 18 October to 28 October 1909. He also took over the Ledreborg mansion after his father's death in 1895
1840 Theodor Philipsen a Danish painter. Philipsen has been considered an innovator of 19th century Danish art. He took Danish art into a new level of impressionism and naturalism. He was influenced by French art, this influence beginning in his first time in Paris from 1874–1876. He was impressed by the painters Théodore Rousseau, Constant Troyon, and perhaps Jean-François Millet. He made a close personal friendship with the French impressionist Paul Gauguin who was also an important source of inspiration for him. He traveled to many places in the world for inspiration including North Africa and Andalusia. His first impressionist principal work was Late Autumn Day in the Jægersborg Deer Park which he painted in 1886. The painting is currently in Statens Museum for Kunst. He participated in the exhibition Nordic and French Impressionists. Another one of his more famous paintings is An Avenue in Kastrup, which he painted in 1892. He was one of the most influential impressionist Danish painters of all time
1843 Heinrich von Herzogenberg an Austrian composer and conductor descended from a French aristocratic family.
1844 Carl Hagenbeck a German merchant of wild animals who supplied many European zoos, as well as T. Barnum. He created the modern zoo with animal enclosures without bars that were closer to their natural habitat. The transformation of the zoo architecture initiated by him is known as the Hagenbeck revolution. Hagenbeck founded Germany's most successful privately owned zoo, the Tierpark Hagenbeck, which moved to its present location in Hamburg's Stellingen district in 1907. He was a pioneer in displaying humans next to animals in as human zoos
1845 Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant a French painter and etcher best known for his Oriental subjects and portraits.
1847 John Beresford (polo player) an Irish polo player in the 1900 Summer Olympics.