June 10 events in history

671 Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (clepsydra) called Rokoku. The instrument, which measure time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu
1190 Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the river Saleph while leading an army to Jerusalem
1329 The Battle of Pelekanon results in a Byzantine defeat by the Ottoman Empire
1523 Copenhagen is surrounded by the army of Frederick I of Denmark, as the city won't recognise him as the successor of Christian II of Denmark
1539 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice
1619 Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt
1624 Signing of the Treaty of Compiègne between France and the Netherlands
1692 Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries"
1719 Jacobite Rising: Battle of Glen Shiel
1786 A landslide dam on the Dadu River created by an earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China
1793 The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris. A year later, it becomes the first public zoo
1793 French Revolution: Following the arrests of Girondin leaders, the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship
1805 First Barbary War: Yusuf Karamanli signs a treaty ending the hostilities between Tripolitania and the United States
1829 The first Boat Race between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge takes place
1838 Myall Creek massacre: Twenty-eight Aboriginal Australians are murdered
1854 The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Big Bethel - Confederate troops under John B. Magruder defeat a much larger Union force led by General Ebenezer W. Pierce in Virginia
1871 Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 US Marines in a naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea
1878 League of Prizren is established, to oppose the decisions of the Congress of Berlin and the Treaty of San Stephano, as a consequence of which the Albanian lands in Balkans were being partitioned and given to the neighbor states of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Greece
1886 Mount Tarawera in New Zealand erupts, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces
1898 Spanish–American War: U.S. Marines land on the island of Cuba
1912 The Villisca Axe Murders were discovered in Villisca, Iowa
1916 An Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire led by Lawrence of Arabia breaks out
1918 The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent István sinks off the Croatian coast after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat; the event is recorded by camera from a nearby vessel
1924 Fascists kidnap and kill Italian Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome
1925 Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches, held in the Toronto Arena
1935 Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson
1935 Chaco War ends: a truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932
1936 The Russian animation studio Soyuzmultfilm is founded
1940 World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions with his "Stab in the Back" speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia
1940 World War II: Norway surrenders to German forces
1940 World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom
1942 World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich
1944 World War II: Six hundred forty-two men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France
1944 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
1944 In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game
1945 Australian Imperial Forces land in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei
1947 Saab produces its first automobile
1957 John Diefenbaker leads the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada to a stunning upset in the Canadian federal election, 1957, ending 22 years of Liberal Party government
1963 Equal Pay Act of 1963 aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex (see Gender pay gap). It was signed into law on June 10, 1963 by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program
1964 United States Senate breaks a 75 day filibuster against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, leading to the bills passage
1967 The Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire
1967 Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
1977 James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13
1977 The Apple II, one of the first personal computers, goes on sale
1980 The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela
1990 British Airways Flight 5390 lands safely at Southampton Airport after a blowout in the cockpit causes the captain to be partially sucked from the cockpit. There are no fatalities
1991 Eleven-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard was kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she would remain a captive until 2009
1996 Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without the participation of Sinn Féin
1997 Before fleeing his northern stronghold, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen's family members