Died on June 11

323 Alexander the Great a King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, until by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt and into northwest ancient India. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history's most successful military commanders
888 Rimbert archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg from 865 until his death.
1183 Henry the Young King the second of five sons of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine but the first to survive infancy. He was officially King of England; Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou and Maine
1216 Henry of Flanders the second emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople. He was a younger son of Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut , and Margaret I of Flanders, sister of Philip of Alsace, count of Flanders
1250 Alice of Schaerbeek O.Cist. was a Cistercian laysister who is venerated as the patron saint of the blind and paralyzed
1323 Bérenger Fredoli a French canon lawyer and Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati.
1341 Bolko II of Ziębice a Duke of Jawor-Lwówek-Świdnica-Ziębice in Poland from 1301 to 1312 , of Świdnica-Ziębice from 1312 to 1322 , and sole Duke of Ziębice from 1322 until his death.
1393 John I Count of La Marche the second son of James I, Count of La Marche and Jeanne of Châtillon.
1419 Rudolf III Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg a member of the House of Ascania and Elector of Saxony. He ruled Saxe-Wittenberg from 1388-1419
1420 John III Burgrave of Nuremberg Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach from the House of Hohenzollern. He was elder son of Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen
1473 Nikolaus Gerhaert a sculptor of Dutch origin, although aside from his sculptures, few details are known of his life.
1488 James III of Scotland King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family. However, it was through his marriage to Margaret of Denmark that the Orkney and Shetland islands became Scottish
1557 John III of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 13 December 1521 to 11 June 1557. He was the son of King Manuel I and Maria of Aragon, the third daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. John succeeded his father in 1521, at the age of nineteen
1560 Mary of Guise queen of Scotland as the second spouse of King James She was the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots, and served as regent of Scotland in her daughter's name from 1554 to 1560. A native of Lorraine, she was a member of the powerful House of Guise, which played a prominent role in 16th-century French politics. Her main goal was a close alliance between the powerful French Catholic nation and small Scotland, which she wanted to be Catholic and independent of England. She failed and at her death the Protestants took control of Scotland. In evaluating her life, historian Rosalind Marshall says:
1655 Jirgalang a Manchu noble, regent, and political and military leader of the early Qing dynasty. Born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, he was the sixth son of Šurhaci, a younger brother of Qing founder Nurhaci. From 1638 to 1643, he took part in many military campaigns that helped bring down the fall of the Ming dynasty. After the death of Hong Taiji in September 1643, Jirgalang became one of the young Shunzhi Emperor's two co-regents, but he soon yielded most political power to co-regent Dorgon in October 1644. Dorgon eventually purged him of his regent title in 1647. After Dorgon died in 1650, Jirgalang led an effort to clean the government of Dorgon's supporters. Jirgalang was one of ten "Princes of the First Rank" whose descendants were made "Iron-cap Princes" , who had the right to transmit their princely titles to their direct male descendants perpetually
1661 George II Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1626 - 1661. He was the son of Ludwig V and Magdalene of Brandenburg
1665 Kenelm Digby an English courtier and diplomat. He was also a highly reputed natural philosopher, and known as a leading Roman Catholic intellectual and Blackloist. For his versatility, Anthony à Wood called him the "magazine of all arts"
1666 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder a Dutch admiral.
1695 André Félibien a French chronicler of the arts and official court historian to Louis XIV of France.
1698 Balthasar Bekker a Dutch minister and author of philosophical and theological works. Opposing superstition, he was a key figure in the end of the witchcraft persecutions in early modern Europe. His best known work is De Betoverde Weereld , or The World Bewitched
1712 Louis Joseph Duke of Vendôme a French military commander during the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the Spanish Succession, Marshal of France.
1727 George I of Great Britain King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
1738 Caspar Bartholin the Younger a Danish anatomist who first described the "Bartholin's gland" in the 17th century.
1775 Egidio Duni an Italian composer who studied in Naples and worked in Italy, France and London, writing both Italian and French operas.
1793 William Robertson (historian) a Scottish historian, minister in the Church of Scotland, and Principal of the University of Edinburgh. "The thirty years during which presided over the University perhaps represent the highest point in its history."
1796 Samuel Whitbread (1720–1796) an English brewer and Member of Parliament. In 1742, he established a brewery that in 1799 became Whitbread & Co Ltd
1796 Nathaniel Gorham a politician and merchant from Massachusetts. He was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, and for six months served as the presiding officer of that body. He also attended the Constitutional Convention and was one of the signers of the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1808 Giovanni Battista Cirri an Italian cellist and composer in the 18th century.
1825 Daniel D. Tompkins the fourth Governor of New York , and the sixth Vice President of the United States.
1828 Dugald Stewart a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician.
1829 Amandus Gottfried Adolf Müllner a German critic and dramatic poet.
1835 Heinrich Gustav Flörke a German botanist and lichenologist.
1843 Peter Wittgenstein a Russian Field Marshal distinguished for his services in the Napoleonic wars.
1844 Urban Jarnik a Carinthian Slovene priest, historian, poet, author and ethnographer.
1847 John Franklin a British Royal Navy officer and explorer of the Arctic. Franklin also served as Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land from 1837 to 1843. He disappeared on his last expedition, attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic. The icebound ships were abandoned and the entire crew perished from starvation, hypothermia, tuberculosis, lead poisoning and scurvy
1847 Heinrich Baermann generally considered as being not only an outstanding performer of his time, but highly influential in the creation of several important composers' works for his instrument.
1847 Afonso Prince Imperial of Brazil the Prince Imperial and heir apparent to the throne of the Empire of Brazil. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was the eldest child of Emperor Dom Pedro II and Dona Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies, and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. With the birth of his child, the insecure and shy 19-year-old Emperor Pedro II became more mature and outgoing. Afonso's arrival also fostered a closer and happier relationship between his parents, who had not married for love
1849 Eusebio Guilarte Vera a Bolivian politician who served briefly as President of Bolivia from 1847-1848. A career military officer , Guilarte had combatted under Santa Cruz at Zepita, and also in the battles of the Confederation. He had been José Ballivián's deputy aide at the Battle of Ingavi, for which he was rewarded as Ambassador to Brazil. Later, the President recalled Guilarte and appointed him a member of the powerful Council of State. Unable to sustain himself in power in light of the vast conspiracies of Manuel Belzu, Ballivián chose to leave the country and in late 1847 turned over power to General Guilarte as head of the Council of State. The fact is that by then the die was cast, as Belzu and his supporters were closing in on the capital. Guilarte's investiture simply provided cover for the President to get away while he could. Guilarte attempted to reach an understanding with the rebels, but was overthrown by Belzu in less than 2 weeks. Allowed to live under house arrest in internal exile at the Pacific port of Cobija, Litoral, Guilarte caught an illness and died less than 2 years later, in 1849
1852 Karl Bryullov a Russian painter. He is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian neoclassicism to romanticism
1856 Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen a German philologist, chiefly distinguished for his researches in Old German literature.
1856 Theodor von Rüdiger a German military officer in service of the Russian Empire and a general of the Imperial Russian Army.
1859 Klemens von Metternich a politician and statesman of Rhenish extraction and one of the most important diplomats of his era, serving as the Austrian Empire's Foreign Minister from 1809 and Chancellor from 1821 until the liberal revolutions of 1848 forced his resignation. One of his first tasks was to engineer a détente with France that included the marriage of Napoleon to the Austrian archduchess Marie Louise. Soon after, however, he engineered Austria's entry into the War of the Sixth Coalition on the Allied side, signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau that sent Napoleon into exile and led the Austrian delegation at the Congress of Vienna which divided post-Napoleonic Europe between the major powers. In recognition of his service to the Austrian Empire he was raised to the title of Prince in October 1813. Under his guidance, the "Metternich system" of international congresses continued for another decade as Austria aligned herself with Russia and, to a lesser extent, Prussia. This marked the high point of Austria's diplomatic importance, and thereafter Metternich slowly slipped back into the periphery of international diplomacy. At home, Metternich also held the post of Chancellor of State from 1821 until 1848, under both Francis I and his son Ferdinand After a brief period of exile in London, Brighton and Brussels that lasted until 1851, he returned once more to the Viennese court, this time to offer only advice to Ferdinand's successor, Franz Josef. Having outlived his generation of politicians, Metternich died at the age of 86 in 1859
1866 Theodor Kotschy an Austrian botanist and explorer who was a native of Ustroń, in Austrian Silesia. He was the son of theologian Carl Friedrich Kotschy
1867 Karl Otto Weber a German surgeon and pathologist born in Frankfurt am Main.
1868 James Brooke a British adventurer whose exploits in the Malay Archipelago made him the first White Rajah of Sarawak.
1876 Neşerek Kadınefendi the fifth wife of the Sultan Abdülaziz.
1879 William Prince of Orange heir apparent to his father King William III of the Netherlands from 17 March 1849 until his death.
1883 António Cândido Gonçalves Crespo a Brazilian-born Portuguese poet. Born to a slave mother on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro on March 11, 1846, he came to Portugal at the age of ten. He was educated at the University of Coimbra, but "devoted himself almost exclusively to the Muses at Lisbon." His poetry was deeply informed by Parnassianism. He occasionally collaborated with his wife Maria Amália Vaz de Carvalho, also a noted writer. He died in Lisbon on June 11, 1883, aged 37
1885 John Lort Stokes an officer in the Royal Navy who travelled on HMS Beagle for close to eighteen years.
1885 Amédée Courbet a French admiral who won a series of important land and naval victories during the Tonkin campaign and the Sino-French War.